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Drug Rehab and Substance Abuse Blog http://drugrehabtreatmenthelp.com/rss Drug Rehab and Substance Abuse Blog en-us Fri, 24 Nov 2017 21:29:46 CST Fri, 24 Nov 2017 21:29:46 CST help@drugrehabtreatmenthelp.com webmaster@drugrehabtreatmenthelp.com Ted Talk 9: Does too much choice cause drug addiction?http://www.drugrehabtreatmenthelp.com/blog/Ted+Talk+9%3A+Does+too+much+choice+cause+drug+addiction%3F <p> &nbsp;</p><p> <span style="font-size: 14px;"><strong>Speaker:</strong> Barry Schwartz</span></p><p> &nbsp;</p><p> <span style="font-size: 14px;"><strong>Topic:</strong> </span></p><p> &nbsp;</p><p> I have always been a fan of Barry Schwartz since reading his book, <em><a href="http://www.amazon.com/Paradox-Choice-Why-More-Less/dp/0060005696/ref=sr_1_1?ie=UTF8&amp;qid=1293659874&amp;sr=8-1">The Paradox of Choice</a></em>. The basic thesis of Schwartz&rsquo;s book is that, while American rhetoric says more is better, even that the more choice a person has the happier they are, statistically the opposite is true. Instead, by learning how to be satisfied with a choice amongst fewer choices, people will actually increase their happiness.&nbsp;</p><p> &nbsp;</p><p> A recent <a href="http://www.radiolab.org/2008/nov/17/">Radio Lab show</a> looking at the same concept of &ldquo;choice&rdquo; and interviewing Schwartz reminded me of how powerful this concept is and how choice impacts our lives, our happiness, what we want in life, etc. How does this relate to drugs and drug addiction?</p><p> &nbsp;</p><!--copy and paste--><p style="text-align: center;"> <object height="326" width="334"><param name="movie" value="http://video.ted.com/assets/player/swf/EmbedPlayer.swf" /><param name="allowFullScreen" value="true" /><param name="allowScriptAccess" value="always" /><param name="wmode" value="transparent" /><param name="bgColor" value="#ffffff" /> <param name="flashvars" value="vu=http://video.ted.com/talks/dynamic/BarrySchwartz_2005G-medium.flv&amp;su=http://images.ted.com/images/ted/tedindex/embed-posters/BarrySchwartz-2005G.embed_thumbnail.jpg&amp;vw=320&amp;vh=240&amp;ap=0&amp;ti=93&amp;introDuration=15330&amp;adDuration=4000&amp;postAdDuration=830&amp;adKeys=talk=barry_schwartz_on_the_paradox_of_choice;year=2005;theme=what_makes_us_happy;theme=speaking_at_ted2009;theme=how_the_mind_works;theme=unconventional_explanations;event=TEDGlobal+2005;&amp;preAdTag=tconf.ted/embed;tile=1;sz=512x288;" /><embed allowfullscreen="true" allowscriptaccess="always" bgcolor="#ffffff" flashvars="vu=http://video.ted.com/talks/dynamic/BarrySchwartz_2005G-medium.flv&amp;su=http://images.ted.com/images/ted/tedindex/embed-posters/BarrySchwartz-2005G.embed_thumbnail.jpg&amp;vw=320&amp;vh=240&amp;ap=0&amp;ti=93&amp;introDuration=15330&amp;adDuration=4000&amp;postAdDuration=830&amp;adKeys=talk=barry_schwartz_on_the_paradox_of_choice;year=2005;theme=what_makes_us_happy;theme=speaking_at_ted2009;theme=how_the_mind_works;theme=unconventional_explanations;event=TEDGlobal+2005;" height="326" pluginspace="http://www.macromedia.com/go/getflashplayer" src="http://video.ted.com/assets/player/swf/EmbedPlayer.swf" type="application/x-shockwave-flash" width="334" wmode="transparent"></embed></object></p><p style="text-align: center;"> &nbsp;</p><h2> <strong><strong>TED Talk Relation to Addiction:</strong></strong></h2><p> &nbsp;</p><p> Schwartz&rsquo;s talk and the elements of our lives in which we have to make a choice amongst millions of choices is an overwhelming task.&nbsp;</p><p> <img alt="TED Talk Addiction" src="/pix/paradox.jpg" style="width: 300px; height: 400px; margin: 3px; float: right;" /></p><p> &nbsp;</p><p style="text-align: center;"> <strong><span style="background-color: rgb(255, 160, 122);">&ldquo;[In my supermarket, there are] 175 salad dressings, if you don&rsquo;t count the 10 extra virgin olive oils and 12 balsamic </span><span style="background-color: rgb(255, 160, 122);">vinegars</span><span style="background-color: rgb(255, 160, 122);"> you could buy to make a very large number of salad dressings on your own, on the off chance that none of the 175 the store has on offer suit you.&rdquo;</span></strong></p><p> &nbsp;</p><p style="text-align: center;"> <strong><span style="background-color: rgb(175, 238, 238);">&ldquo;Something as dramatic as our identity has now become a matter of choice. We don&rsquo;t inherit an identity, we get to invent it and we get to reinvent ourselves as often as we like. That means that every day you wake up in the morning, you have to decide what person you want to be.&rdquo;</span></strong></p><p> &nbsp;</p><p> One of the biggest ways I see this talk relating to drug abuse, addiction and rehabilitation is how different people react to choice and how this reaction is the cause of issues such as addiction. For example, as a healthy, smart, capable human being one can easily be overwhelmed with choice so much so that you want to say &ldquo;F*** this.&rdquo;, throw up your hands and not make a choice at all. An alternative example is take a non-healthy person that struggles with a rough home life, intense peer-pressure, economic strife and a propensity to be susceptible to unhealthy habits and place that person in the same choice situation. One not only drops it, they freak out, have a break down or melt down and, further more, need an escape for the responsibility of making all of the choices Schwartz describes.</p><p style="margin-left: 40px;"> &nbsp;</p><p style="margin-left: 40px;"> <strong>&nbsp;&ldquo;All of this choice has two negative effects on people. </strong></p><p style="margin-left: 40px;"> &nbsp;</p><p style="margin-left: 40px;"> <strong>&nbsp;- One effect is that it produced paralysis instead of liberation. With some many options to choose from people find it very difficult to choose at all.</strong></p><p style="margin-left: 40px;"> &nbsp;</p><p style="margin-left: 40px;"> <strong>&nbsp;- The second effect is, even if we manage to overcome the paralysis and make a choice, we end up less satisfied with the result of the choice than we would be if we had fewer options to choose from.&rdquo;</strong></p><p> &nbsp;</p><p> In some cases, and in terms of drug addiction and alcoholism, I would argue against Schwartz&rsquo;s first effect, that of choice producing paralysis, to say that people do not freeze but instead give up on making more complex choices and turn to a choice that is more easily made. This is the result we see in the second example of the &ldquo;healthy&rdquo; vs. &ldquo;not-healthy&rdquo; person example. This would explain why people, especially teenagers who have less developed brains, would start using drugs. They are so overwhelmed with the options surrounding them in the various aspects of their lives that they drop thinking about it all and make the one choice of doing drugs or drinking that will help them forget about the choices that, in many cases they have to make.</p>Drugs, Addiction and Rehab: Vancouver, Canadahttp://www.drugrehabtreatmenthelp.com/blog/Drugs%2C+Addiction+and+Rehab%3A+Vancouver%2C+Canada <p> Combine the term &ldquo;Canada&rdquo; with your online search for a drug or alcohol news and you will get a varying range of news articles about drug addiction and alcoholism. However, one thing that is obvious is a clear distinction between Canadian news&rsquo; coverage of drug and alcohol related topics versus the US news outlets.</p><p> &nbsp;</p><p style="text-align: center;"> <object height="385" width="480"><param name="movie" value="http://www.youtube.com/v/Ah-toW09dyM?fs=1&amp;hl=en_US" /><param name="allowFullScreen" value="true" /><param name="allowscriptaccess" value="always" /><embed allowfullscreen="true" allowscriptaccess="always" height="385" src="http://www.youtube.com/v/Ah-toW09dyM?fs=1&amp;hl=en_US" type="application/x-shockwave-flash" width="480"></embed></object></p><p style="text-align: center;"> <em>Canadian news broadcast</em></p><p style="text-align: center;"> <object height="385" width="480"><param name="movie" value="http://www.youtube.com/v/y_O5CnCLQSo?fs=1&amp;hl=en_US" /><param name="allowFullScreen" value="true" /><param name="allowscriptaccess" value="always" /><embed allowfullscreen="true" allowscriptaccess="always" height="385" src="http://www.youtube.com/v/y_O5CnCLQSo?fs=1&amp;hl=en_US" type="application/x-shockwave-flash" width="480"></embed></object></p><p style="text-align: center;"> <em>Associated Press news broadcast from San Francisco, CA, USA</em></p><p style="text-align: center;"> &nbsp;</p><p> While these two different reports on the cost of alcohol should by no means be considered an equal comparison, they do point to the different ways that the cost of alcohol is being reported on in the two countries.</p><p> &nbsp;</p><p> To most Canadians, the difference in the way drugs, addiction and types of addiction treatment are discussed in Canada is a no-brainer. In fact, many <a href="http://www.naomiklein.org/main">media analysts</a> have extensively noted the ways in which each country portrays various issues that affect both countries. However, as it becomes increasingly clear that the United States needs alternative methods to deal with drug addiction, what cues can we take from our northern neighbors?</p><p> &nbsp;</p><p> Here are some of the other latest stories of what Vancouver, Canada is doing to impact drug and alcohol addiction and rehabilitation:</p><p> &nbsp;</p><p style="margin-left: 40px;"> <strong><a href="http://www.foxnews.com/world/2010/12/26/portugals-drug-policy-pays-eyes-lessons/">Vancouver, Canada has first legal drug consumption room</a> &ndash; <em>Fox News, US</em></strong></p><p style="margin-left: 40px;"> &nbsp;</p><p style="margin-left: 40px;"> &ldquo;Vancouver, Canada, has North America&#39;s first legal drug consumption room &mdash; dubbed as &quot;a safe, health-focused place where people inject drugs and connect to health care services.&quot; Brazil and Uruguay have eliminated jail time for people carrying small amounts of drugs for personal use.&rdquo;<br /> &nbsp;</p><p style="margin-left: 40px; text-align: center;"> <img alt="Incite clinic, Vancouver, Canada" src="/pix/Incite.jpg" style="width: 350px; height: 319px; margin: 2px;" /></p><p style="margin-left: 40px; text-align: center;"> &nbsp;</p><p style="margin-left: 40px;"> <strong><a href="http://thetyee.ca/News/2010/12/27/Idea6HarmReduction/">Vancouver sets example for &ldquo;opening needle exchanges, legalizing and regulating the drug trade, and overdose prevention methods&rdquo; in the US</a></strong><strong>&ndash; <em>The Tyee, Canada</em></strong></p><p style="margin-left: 40px;"> &nbsp;</p><p style="margin-left: 40px;"> &ldquo;There are only two safe consumption facilities in North America, both in Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada.&rdquo;</p><p style="margin-left: 40px;"> &nbsp;</p><p style="margin-left: 40px;"> &ldquo;Insite is located in the city&#39;s Downtown Eastside, often referred to as Canada&#39;s Poorest Postal Code. Injection drug users in that area have a mortality rate 14 times higher than the rest of B.C., with an HIV rate of four in 10, and a hepatitis C rate of nine out of 10 users.</p><p style="margin-left: 40px;"> &nbsp;</p><p style="margin-left: 40px;"> &ldquo;The facility consists of 12 safe-injection booths, monitored by nurses, where clients are provided with clean syringes, cookers, filters, water, and tourniquets, as well as education on safe injection practices that limit the spread of diseases like HIV and hepatitis C. Injection drug use is illegal in Canada, but Insite applied for and received an exemption from the federal government to run the site, though the current government is trying to shut the facility down.&rdquo;</p><p style="margin-left: 40px;"> &nbsp;</p><p style="margin-left: 40px;"> There are approximately 12,000 registered clients at Insite, but in 2009 only 5,447 used the clinic, with an average 491 injections per day. That year 484 overdose interventions were performed, with no fatalities -- in fact, no one has died at Insite since it opened, but the long lines mean some people walk away without injecting.&ldquo;</p><p style="margin-left: 40px;"> &nbsp;</p><p style="margin-left: 40px;"> <em>For more information on Vancouver&rsquo;s Downtown Eastside, check out Free Speech Radio&rsquo;s Zack Baddorf&rsquo;s documentary, </em>&ldquo;<a href="http://fsrn.org/audio/documentary-vancouver%E2%80%99s-downtown-eastside-life-margins/7842">Vancouver&rsquo;s Downtown Eastside: Life on the Margins.</a>&rdquo;</p><p style="margin-left: 40px;"> &nbsp;</p><p style="margin-left: 40px;"> <strong><a href="http://toronto.ctv.ca/servlet/an/local/CTVNews/20101217/study-recommends-free-alcohol-for-homeless-addicts-101217/20101217/?hub=TorontoNewHome">Study recommends free booze for homeless alcoholics</a> &ndash; <em>CTV Toronto</em></strong></p><p style="margin-left: 40px;"> &nbsp;</p><p style="margin-left: 40px;"> &ldquo;Alcohol is the cheapest drug in B.C., says a report released Thursday by the Centre for Addictions Research, which recommends a hike in liquor prices to reduce illness and injuries. &ldquo;</p><p style="margin-left: 40px;"> &nbsp;</p><p style="margin-left: 40px;"> &ldquo;At the same time, researchers at centre at the University of Victoria recommend setting up a type of safe-drinking program offering free alcohol to homeless alcoholics to reduce their use of hazardous sources such as rubbing alcohol or mouthwash. &ldquo;</p>TED Talk 8: You Must Make Mistakes to Recover from Addictionhttp://www.drugrehabtreatmenthelp.com/blog/TED+Talk+8%3A+You+Must+Make+Mistakes+to+Recover+from+Addiction <p> &nbsp;</p><p> <span style="font-size: 14px;"><strong>Speaker:</strong> Diana Laufenberg</span></p><p> &nbsp;</p><p> <span style="font-size: 14px;"><strong>Topic:</strong>&nbsp;Looks at ways that experiential learning and embracing failure is a part of the educational reform and learning process.</span></p><p> &nbsp;</p><!--copy and paste--><p style="text-align: center;"> <object height="326" width="446"><param name="movie" value="http://video.ted.com/assets/player/swf/EmbedPlayer.swf" /><param name="allowFullScreen" value="true" /><param name="allowScriptAccess" value="always" /><param name="wmode" value="transparent" /><param name="bgColor" value="#ffffff" /> <param name="flashvars" value="vu=http://video.ted.com/talks/dynamic/DianaLaufenberg_2010X-medium.flv&amp;su=http://images.ted.com/images/ted/tedindex/embed-posters/DianaLaufenberg-2010X.embed_thumbnail.jpg&amp;vw=432&amp;vh=240&amp;ap=0&amp;ti=1034&amp;introDuration=15330&amp;adDuration=4000&amp;postAdDuration=830&amp;adKeys=talk=diana_laufenberg_3_ways_to_teach;year=2010;theme=a_taste_of_tedx;theme=new_on_ted_com;theme=how_we_learn;event=TEDxMidAtlantic;&amp;preAdTag=tconf.ted/embed;tile=1;sz=512x288;" /><embed allowfullscreen="true" allowscriptaccess="always" bgcolor="#ffffff" flashvars="vu=http://video.ted.com/talks/dynamic/DianaLaufenberg_2010X-medium.flv&amp;su=http://images.ted.com/images/ted/tedindex/embed-posters/DianaLaufenberg-2010X.embed_thumbnail.jpg&amp;vw=432&amp;vh=240&amp;ap=0&amp;ti=1034&amp;introDuration=15330&amp;adDuration=4000&amp;postAdDuration=830&amp;adKeys=talk=diana_laufenberg_3_ways_to_teach;year=2010;theme=a_taste_of_tedx;theme=new_on_ted_com;theme=how_we_learn;event=TEDxMidAtlantic;" height="326" pluginspace="http://www.macromedia.com/go/getflashplayer" src="http://video.ted.com/assets/player/swf/EmbedPlayer.swf" type="application/x-shockwave-flash" width="446" wmode="transparent"></embed></object></p><p style="text-align: center;"> &nbsp;</p><h2> <strong>TED Talk Relation to Addiction:</strong></h2><p> &nbsp;</p><p> Since I began writing about drugs, drug addiction and drug rehabilitation, one of the most mesmerizing and impactful facts I have learned about drug and alcohol addiction rehabilitation is, the <a href="http://www.drugrehabtreatmenthelp.com/blog/Once+an+addict,+always+an+addict%3F+Relapse+Meaning+and+the+Key+to+Sobriety">more an addict relapses</a> and goes back to rehab, to do more treatment, the better the addict gets.</p><p> &nbsp;</p><p> There seems to be a giant taboo around the notion of addiction relapse, even though anyone who has struggled with any type of addiction will tell you, relapse is (typically) not a matter of if, but when.</p><p> &nbsp;</p><p> While Laufenberg&rsquo;s TED talk is about the elementary and high school education process in America, her statements about learning and pushing the boundaries of how you ask students to learn is very applicable to the drug addiction rehabilitation process. After all, recovering from an addiction is very much a learning process that requires education and hard work. According to Laufenberg, part of this learning process is also failure.</p><p> &nbsp;</p><p style="text-align: center;"> <span style="font-size: 14px;"><strong><span style="background-color: rgb(0, 255, 255);">&ldquo;Learning has to include an amount of failure because failure is instructional in the process.&rdquo;</span></strong></span></p><p> &nbsp;</p><p> Laufenbergtalks about the fact that in order for kids to learn, you have to ask them, not only if they know the information, but what they can do with information:</p><p> &nbsp;</p><p style="text-align: center;"> <span style="font-size: 14px;"><strong><span style="background-color: rgb(0, 255, 255);">&ldquo;Ask them to go to places and see things for themselves. To experience the learning.&rdquo;</span></strong></span></p><p> &nbsp;</p><p> This leads me to question several things about drug addiction and rehabilitation.</p><p> &nbsp;</p><p style="margin-left: 40px;"> 1. Can learning like a child help you when you are learning to get your life back and how to live without drugs?</p><p style="margin-left: 40px;"> 2. Are drug and alcohol rehabilitation and treatment centers asking addicts to do enough?</p><p style="margin-left: 40px;"> 3. Does the rehabilitation/treatment community expect enough out of a person recovering from addiction when they are getting treatment?</p><p style="margin-left: 40px;"> 4. Does the rehabilitation/treatment community prepare addicts for the likelihood of relapse and create a program that immediately gets them back on track?</p><p> &nbsp;</p><p> Laufenberg concludes, <span style="font-size: 14px;"><strong><span style="background-color: rgb(0, 255, 255);">&ldquo;If we continue to look at education as if it is about coming to school to get the information and not about experiential learning, student voice and embracing failure, we&rsquo;re missing the mark.&rdquo;</span></strong></span></p>TED Talk 7: Men and Addictionhttp://www.drugrehabtreatmenthelp.com/blog/TED+Talk+7%3A+Men+and+Addiction <p> &nbsp;</p><p> <span style="font-size: 14px;"><strong>Speaker:</strong>Tony Porter</span></p><p> &nbsp;</p><p> <span style="font-size: 14px;"><strong>Topic:</strong>&nbsp; Porter talks about the &ldquo;Man Box&rdquo; which is an identification of the stereotypes that are purposefully or inadvertently place on men, determining the &ldquo;shoulds&rdquo; and &ldquo;should-nots&rdquo; of how men should treat women and how this impacts the way they function in the world.</span></p><p> &nbsp;</p><!--copy and paste--><p style="text-align: center;"> <object height="326" width="446"><param name="movie" value="http://video.ted.com/assets/player/swf/EmbedPlayer.swf" /><param name="allowFullScreen" value="true" /><param name="allowScriptAccess" value="always" /><param name="wmode" value="transparent" /><param name="bgColor" value="#ffffff" /> <param name="flashvars" value="vu=http://video.ted.com/talks/dynamic/TonyPorter_2010W-medium.mp4&amp;su=http://images.ted.com/images/ted/tedindex/embed-posters/TonyPorter_2010W-embed_thumbnail.jpg&amp;vw=432&amp;vh=240&amp;ap=0&amp;ti=1031&amp;introDuration=15330&amp;adDuration=4000&amp;postAdDuration=830&amp;adKeys=talk=tony_porter_a_call_to_men;year=2010;theme=celebrating_tedwomen;theme=master_storytellers;theme=new_on_ted_com;event=TEDWomen;&amp;preAdTag=tconf.ted/embed;tile=1;sz=512x288;" /><embed allowfullscreen="true" allowscriptaccess="always" bgcolor="#ffffff" flashvars="vu=http://video.ted.com/talks/dynamic/TonyPorter_2010W-medium.mp4&amp;su=http://images.ted.com/images/ted/tedindex/embed-posters/TonyPorter_2010W-embed_thumbnail.jpg&amp;vw=432&amp;vh=240&amp;ap=0&amp;ti=1031&amp;introDuration=15330&amp;adDuration=4000&amp;postAdDuration=830&amp;adKeys=talk=tony_porter_a_call_to_men;year=2010;theme=celebrating_tedwomen;theme=master_storytellers;theme=new_on_ted_com;event=TEDWomen;" height="326" pluginspace="http://www.macromedia.com/go/getflashplayer" src="http://video.ted.com/assets/player/swf/EmbedPlayer.swf" type="application/x-shockwave-flash" width="446" wmode="transparent"></embed></object></p><p style="text-align: center;"> &nbsp;</p><h2> <strong>TED Talk Relation to Addiction:</strong></h2><p> &nbsp;</p><p> This TED Talk was brought to our attention by the new webzine, <a href="http://goodmenproject.com/2010/12/15/two-ted-talks-that-good-men-should-listen-to/">The Good Men </a><a href="http://goodmenproject.com/2010/12/15/two-ted-talks-that-good-men-should-listen-to/">Project</a>.TED talk is related to addiction in that it continues to show how <a href="../../blog/Reason+for+Addiction+1%3A+Social+Context/">social environment </a>impacts how, why, when and where a person starts using drugs, abuses drugs and can eventually become an addict.</p><p> &nbsp;</p><p> We have talked about <a href="../../blog/TED+TALK+6%3A+How+Culture+Affects+Your+Choice+to+Do+Drugs/">Sheena Iyengar&rsquo;s TED talk</a> on culture, relating this to the way a person&rsquo;s choice to do drugs is determined by his/her culture. Porter&rsquo;s TED talk looks at the specific ways men and women function in American society, based on men have been taught to act towards women. This TED talk contributes to our continual examination of how social environment impacts the way we live, breath, think and act, showing that drug addiction is made up of a mix of complicated, ingrained factors.</p><p> &nbsp;</p><p style="text-align: center;"> <img alt="TED TALK Addiction" src="/pix/tony.jpg" style="width: 350px; height: 200px; margin: 3px; border-width: 2px; border-style: solid;" /></p><p style="text-align: center;"> &nbsp;</p><p> Porter begins his speech with a powerful list the characteristics that he says make up the <em>collective socialization of men </em>or the &ldquo;man box&rdquo;, i.e. all of the things that define what it means to be a man:</p><p> &nbsp;</p><p style="margin-left: 40px;"> &nbsp;- Men have to be tough.</p><p style="margin-left: 40px;"> &nbsp;- Men have to be strong.</p><p style="margin-left: 40px;"> &nbsp;- Men have to be courageous.</p><p style="margin-left: 40px;"> &nbsp;- Men have to be dominating.</p><p style="margin-left: 40px;"> &nbsp;- Men cannot have pain.</p><p style="margin-left: 40px;"> &nbsp;- Men cannot have emotions, with the exception of anger and definitely no fear.</p><p style="margin-left: 40px;"> &nbsp;- Men are in charge, which means women are not.</p><p style="margin-left: 40px;"> &nbsp;- Men lead and women should just follow and do what men say.</p><p style="margin-left: 40px;"> &nbsp;- Men are superior. Women are inferior.</p><p style="margin-left: 40px;"> &nbsp;- Men are strong. Women are weak.</p><p style="margin-left: 40px;"> &nbsp;- Women are of less value.</p><p style="margin-left: 40px;"> &nbsp;- Women are property of men.</p><p style="margin-left: 40px;"> &nbsp;- Women are objects, particularly sexual objects.</p><p style="margin-left: 3pt;"> &nbsp;</p><p> These are generalizations that do not apply to <em>all </em>men and do not regulate all there is to being a man, Porter acknowledges. However, he continues to say that these elements do exist and should be deconstructed.</p><p> &nbsp;</p><p> He has several powerful points including:</p><p> &nbsp;</p><p style="text-align: center;"> <span style="font-size: 14px;"><strong><span style="background-color: rgb(255, 255, 0);">&ldquo;We have this fear, as men, that has us paralyzed, holding us hostage to this man box.&rdquo;</span></strong></span></p><p> &nbsp;</p><p style="text-align: center;"> <span style="font-size: 14px;"><strong><span style="background-color: rgb(255, 255, 0);">&ldquo;If it would destroy a boy to be called a &ldquo;girl&rdquo;, what then are we teaching him about girls?&rdquo;</span></strong></span></p><p> &nbsp;</p><p> When we look at this TED talk and Porter&rsquo;s call to closely examine the constraints we put on men (and women) in terms of how to act and treat others, what ways do we see this</p><p> &nbsp;</p><p style="margin-left: 40px;"> <span style="font-size: 14px;">1. Leading a person to turn to drugs because he feels he has nowhere to turn to be himself and free of constrains on his feelings?</span></p><p style="margin-left: 40px;"> <span style="font-size: 14px;">2. Influencing the way we treat addicts, whether they are our sons, brothers, fathers or friends?</span></p><p style="margin-left: 40px;"> <span style="font-size: 14px;">3. Changing what we expect a person to do to get better or not get better because of their sex?</span></p><p> &nbsp;</p><p> As Porter says, there are many ways we should deconstruct this box we put men in. What are your thoughts? How do you think these restraints affect men, addictions and rehabilitation?</p>PLoS Study Asks: Does taking prescription drugs make you violent? http://www.drugrehabtreatmenthelp.com/blog/PLoS+Study+Asks%3A+Does+taking+prescription+drugs+make+you+violent%3F+ <p> &nbsp;</p><p> The combination of drugs and violence is not a new occurrence in drug addiction research and literature. Studies regarding drugs and violence tend to be focused on the external nature of the two, in terms of how and why getting, keeping and selling drugs incites acts of violence. While there have been several studies on alcohol and violence, until recently, there have been relatively few studies that examine if taking prescription drugs induces violent behavior.</p><p> &nbsp;</p><p> Researchers from the Institute for Safe Medication Practices, Harvard Medical School and Wake Forest University School of Medicine have <a href="http://www.plosone.org/article/info%3Adoi%2F10.1371%2Fjournal.pone.0015337;jsessionid=FA57550158B441DE4B4DA8D8E65E09BF.ambra01" target="_blank">published a new study</a> looking at which drugs people report having thoughts or conduct acts of violence towards others in association with taking prescription drugs.</p><p> &nbsp;</p><p> The group analyzed reports collected by the FDA&rsquo;s Adverse Event Reporting System (AERS), to look at all of the &ldquo;serious adverse event reports for drugs with 200 or more cases received from 204 through September 2009. Specifically, cases indicating homicide, homicidal ideation, physical assault, physical abuse or violence related symptoms were considered.&rdquo;</p><p> &nbsp;</p><h2> <strong>What they found&hellip;</strong></h2><p> &nbsp;</p><p> According to <a href="http://www.plosone.org/article/info%3Adoi%2F10.1371%2Fjournal.pone.0015337;jsessionid=FA57550158B441DE4B4DA8D8E65E09BF.ambra01" target="_blank">the article</a>, the results were as follows:</p><p> &nbsp;</p><p style="margin-left: 40px;"> &nbsp;- 1527 cases of violence disproportionally reported for 31 drugs</p><p style="margin-left: 40px;"> &nbsp;- Primary suspect drugs included:</p><p style="margin-left: 80px;"> &nbsp;- Varenicline (an aid to smoking cessation)</p><p style="margin-left: 80px;"> &nbsp;- 11 antidepressants</p><p style="margin-left: 80px;"> &nbsp;- 6 sedative/hypnotics</p><p style="margin-left: 80px;"> &nbsp;- 3 drugs for attention deficit hyperactivity disorder.</p><p style="margin-left: 40px;"> &nbsp;- The evidence of an association was weaker and mixed for antipsychotic drugs</p><p style="margin-left: 40px;"> &nbsp;- Evidence was absent for all but 1 anticonvulsant/mood stabilizer.</p><p style="margin-left: 40px;"> &nbsp;- Two or fewer violence cases were reported for 435/484 (84.7%) of all evaluable drugs suggesting that an association with this adverse event is unlikely for these drugs.</p><p style="margin-left: 3pt;"> &nbsp;</p><p style="margin-left: 3pt;"> *Results taken directly from report.</p><p> &nbsp;</p><h2> <strong>What can we conclude?</strong></h2><p> &nbsp;</p><p> Based on what the group found, they were able to make the conclusion that &ldquo;acts of violence towards others are a genuine and serious adverse drug event associated with a relatively small group of drugs. Varenicline, which increases the availability of dopamine, and antidepressants with serotonergic effects were the most strongly and consistently implicated drugs.&rdquo;</p><p> &nbsp;</p><p> There definitely needs to be more studies that look into the reasons behind why these drugs cause a violent reactions, specifically, in what ways they target the brain differently than other, non-violence inducing medication.</p>Gambling Addiction: Financial Woe or Emotional Issue?http://www.drugrehabtreatmenthelp.com/blog/Gambling+Addiction%3A+Financial+Woe+or+Emotional+Issue%3F <p> &nbsp;</p><p> A New York Times Health blog post from mid-October says that <a href="http://consults.blogs.nytimes.com/2010/10/22/ask-an-expert-about-gambling-addiction/?ref=health">compulsive gambling is on the rise</a>. According to Dr. Timothy Fong, an addiction expert that NYT interviewed, &ldquo;for about 2 percent of the population, they have this psychiatric disorder called gambling addiction that can severely impact their lives in permanently harmful ways.&rdquo;</p><p> &nbsp;</p><p> UCLA has a <a href="http://www.uclagamblingprogram.org/index.html">gambling studies program</a>, of which Dr. Fong helped develop, that looks at treating compulsive gambling. Their program does research on problem gambling and offers free treatment for people that struggle with a gambling addiction.</p><p> &nbsp;</p><h2> <strong>Timeline of Problem Gambling/Gambling Addiction</strong></h2><p> &nbsp;</p><p> <img alt="gambling addiction" src="/pix/gambling2.jpg" style="width: 250px; height: 313px; margin: 3px; float: right;" /></p><p> The website also has an amazing timeline that chronicles the progression of gambling addiction in California. Here are a few interesting lines from the timeline:</p><p> &nbsp;</p><ul> <li> 1972 &ndash; First inpatient treatment program for gamblers, started by Robert Custer at Brecksville (Ohio) Veterans Administration.</li> <li> 1980 &ndash; Pathological (compulsive) gambling first recognized as a mental disorder by its inclusion in the American Psychiatric Association&rsquo;s Diagnostic and Statistical Manual (DSM-III).</li> <li> 1984 &ndash; California state lottery approved, after being placed on the ballot by initiative and enacted by constitutional amendment.</li> <li> 1996 &ndash; California the sixth largest gambling state, behind Nevada, New Jersey, Mississippi, Illinois and Louisiana. But the only one not to have casino gambling. Predominant form of legal gambling in California is card clubs, followed by horse racing and the lottery.</li> <li> 2003 &ndash; Assembly Bill 673 amends the Welfare and Institutions Code to fund an Office of Problem and Pathological Gambling within the Department of Alcohol and Drug Programs.</li></ul><p> &nbsp;</p><p> As noted in the last part of the UCLA gambling addiction timeline, in 2003, the state of <a href="http://problemgambling.securespsites.com/ccpgwebsite/default.aspx">California&rsquo;s Department of Alcohol and Drug Programs</a> created an entire branch devoted to gambling addiction or what is referred to as &ldquo;problem gambling&rdquo;.</p><p> &nbsp;</p><h2> <strong>Definition of &ldquo;Problem Gambling&rdquo;</strong></h2><p> &nbsp;</p><p> The <a href="http://www.ncpgambling.org/i4a/pages/index.cfm?pageid=1" target="_blank">National Council on Problem Gambling</a> describes the term &quot;Problem Gambling&quot; as including, but is not limited to, &ldquo;the condition known as &quot;Pathological&quot;, or &quot;Compulsive&quot; Gambling, a progressive addiction characterized by increasing preoccupation with gambling, a need to bet more money more frequently, restlessness or irritability when attempting to stop, &quot;chasing&quot; losses, and loss of control manifested by continuation of the gambling behavior in spite of mounting, serious, negative consequences.&rdquo;&nbsp;</p><p> &nbsp;</p><h2> <strong>Is gambling addiction based in finances or emotions?</strong></h2><p> &nbsp;</p><p> As you can see above, this definition fits with the <a href="../../drug-and-alcohol-abuse-information/what-is-addiction/">definition of drug addiction</a> in terms of a person &ldquo;compulsively seeking and using, despite harmful consequences.&rdquo; One of the biggest &ldquo;harmful consequences&rdquo; that gambling addiction causes is financial hardship. However, gambling addiction is not because of financial troubles.</p><p> &nbsp;</p><p> The <a href="http://www.ncpgambling.org/i4a/pages/index.cfm?pageid=3390">NCPG</a> notes that, &ldquo;Problem gambling is an emotional problem that has financial consequences. If you pay all of a problem gambler&#39;s debts, the person will still be a problem gambler. The real problem is that they have an uncontrollable obsession with gambling.&rdquo;</p><p> &nbsp;</p><p style="text-align: center;"> <img alt="gambling addiction" src="/pix/gambling.jpg" style="width: 250px; height: 232px; margin: 3px;" /></p><p> &nbsp;</p><h2> <strong>Gambling Addiction Signs &amp; Symptoms</strong></h2><p> &nbsp;</p><p> Gambling addiction is often hard to detect because many of the signs and symptoms are not as apparent as drug addiction or alcoholism. According to California&rsquo;s <a href="http://problemgambling.securespsites.com/ccpgwebsite/for-gamblers/uncommon-behaviors.aspx">department website</a>, there are several indicators that a person may have a gambling addiction.</p><p> *The three symptoms listed below are taken from the California Department of Alcohol and Drug Problems website.</p><p> &nbsp;</p><p style="margin-left: 40px;"> <strong>1. NEVER A GOOD TIME TO STOP</strong><br /> &nbsp;</p><p style="margin-left: 40px;"> Problem gamblers believe there are only three possible outcomes for each gambling session:</p><p style="margin-left: 40px;"> &nbsp;</p><p style="margin-left: 80px;"> <strong>&nbsp;- WIN</strong>- I&rsquo;m hot so let&rsquo;s see how much we can win tonight.</p><p style="margin-left: 80px;"> <strong>&nbsp;- LOSE</strong>- Just a few good hands and I can get it all back.</p><p style="margin-left: 80px;"> <strong>&nbsp;- BREAK EVEN</strong>- No serious gambler ever plays to break even.</p><p style="margin-left: 80px;"> &nbsp;</p><p style="margin-left: 40px;"> Notice that none of the three outcomes listed mention entertainment, having a good time, or setting self-imposed limits.<br /> <br /> &nbsp;</p><p style="margin-left: 40px;"> <strong>2. MOST PROBLEM GAMBLERS WILL PLAY FOR AS LONG AS THEY CAN AND FOR EVERYTHING THEY HAVE.</strong></p><p style="margin-left: 40px;"> &nbsp;</p><p style="margin-left: 40px;"> &quot;Chasing&quot;, in reference to gambling, means continuing to gamble in an effort to win back money already lost. No thought is given to the &quot;fun of gambling&quot;. Instead, &quot;chasing&quot; signals a desperate attempt by all problem gamblers, new and old, to win at all cost.</p><p style="margin-left: 40px;"> <br /> <strong>3. THE BIG WIN</strong></p><p style="margin-left: 40px;"> &nbsp;</p><p style="margin-left: 40px;"> Most members of Gambler&rsquo;s Anonymous can readily recall an &ldquo;early big win&rdquo; in their gambling careers. Normal gamblers recognize that the chance of winning a large jackpot is part of what makes gambling so much fun. Problem gamblers, on the other hand, are misled by unrealistic thinking, certain in their belief that big wins will come to them again, easily and often.</p><p style="margin-left: 40px;"> <br /> <br /> Researchers cannot predict with certainty who will become problem gamblers. Most agree, however, that the &ldquo;early big win&rdquo; is a commonality of nearly all abnormal gambling.</p><p> &nbsp;</p><p> If you think you may have a problem with gambling, take this &ldquo;<a href="http://problemgambling.securespsites.com/ccpgwebsite/for-gamblers/gambler-self-assessment.aspx">Gambler&rsquo;s Self-Assessment</a>&rdquo; quiz.</p>Robert Weiss on Sex Addictionhttp://www.drugrehabtreatmenthelp.com/blog/Robert+Weiss+on+Sex+Addiction <p> &nbsp;</p><p> There have been many media outlets and addiction recovery programs that have questioned the concept of sex addiction, specifically the increase in people who claim to be sex addicts and the cost of sex addiction treatment.</p><p> &nbsp;</p><p> The <a href="http://www.sexualrecovery.com/">Sexual Recovery Institute</a> has recently released a YouTube video of founder, Robert Weiss and a reel of his comments on various television channels.</p><p> &nbsp;</p><p style="text-align: center;"> <object height="385" width="640"><param name="movie" value="http://www.youtube.com/v/oF076rq-Cro?fs=1&amp;hl=en_US" /><param name="allowFullScreen" value="true" /><param name="allowscriptaccess" value="always" /><embed allowfullscreen="true" allowscriptaccess="always" height="385" src="http://www.youtube.com/v/oF076rq-Cro?fs=1&amp;hl=en_US" type="application/x-shockwave-flash" width="640"></embed></object></p><p style="text-align: center;"> &nbsp;</p><p> Some of the statistics he gives about sexual addiction are incredible. For example, Weiss states in one interview with Larry King:</p><p style="margin-left: 40px;"> &nbsp;</p><p style="margin-left: 40px;"> &ldquo;85% of the couples that come in with an extensive betrayal stay together anyway. Because they have more going on - they have families, they have kids, they have money, they have relationships, they have church. &nbsp;There is a lot going on there.&rdquo;</p><p> &nbsp;</p><p> Weiss has been interviewed by CNN, Oprah, ESPN and international news channels.</p>Drug Prevention: Use a Watchful Eyehttp://www.drugrehabtreatmenthelp.com/blog/Drug+Prevention%3A+Use+a+Watchful+Eye <p> &nbsp;</p><p> Wired Science Blogs recently released a post by <a href="http://www.wired.com/wiredscience/2010/12/eyes-good-behavior/#more-44615">Mark Brown from Wired U.K. </a>that talks about a study done by Newcastle University on what encourages people to make an action or not make an action. The experiment goes:</p><p> &nbsp;</p><p style="margin-left: 40px;"> They &ldquo;hung two different posters at a restaurant, to <a href="http://www.ncl.ac.uk/press.office/press.release/item/eye-see-you">see how customers would react</a>. They both featured text asking patrons to bin their rubbish, but one had a picture of flowers on it and the other had a <a href="http://www.wired.co.uk/news/archive/2010-11/03/retinal-implants-could-allow-blind-to-distinguish-objects">pair of staring eyes</a>.</p><p style="margin-left: 40px;"> &nbsp;</p><p style="margin-left: 40px;"> The number of people who paid attention to the sign, and cleaned up after their meal, doubled when confronted with a pair of <a href="http://www.wired.co.uk/news/archive/2010-06/3/study-human-eyes-can-see-quantum-entanglement">gazing peepers</a>.&rdquo;</p><p> &nbsp;</p><p> As stated in the post, the study is based on the idea that people behave better if the option is mentioned or &ldquo;highlighted&rdquo; rather than forced on them. This is a type of &ldquo;nudge psychology&rdquo; which suggests that the eyes in the pictures are what push peoples&rsquo; need to do what the sign asked of them.</p><p> &nbsp;</p><p style="text-align: center;"> <img alt="eyes" src="/pix/eyes.jpg" style="width: 350px; height: 348px; margin: 2px;" /></p><p style="text-align: center;"> Photo by <span _fck_bookmark="1" style="display: none;">&nbsp;</span><span _fck_bookmark="1" style="display: none;">&nbsp;</span><span _fck_bookmark="1" style="display: none;">&nbsp;</span><span _fck_bookmark="1" style="display: none;">&nbsp;</span><span _fck_bookmark="1" style="display: none;">&nbsp;</span><span _fck_bookmark="1" style="display: none;">&nbsp;</span><span _fck_bookmark="1" style="display: none;">&nbsp;</span><span _fck_bookmark="1" style="display: none;">&nbsp;</span><span _fck_bookmark="1" style="display: none;">&nbsp;</span><span _fck_bookmark="1" style="display: none;">&nbsp;</span><span _fck_bookmark="1" style="display: none;">&nbsp;</span><span _fck_bookmark="1" style="display: none;">&nbsp;</span><span _fck_bookmark="1" style="display: none;">&nbsp;</span><span _fck_bookmark="1" style="display: none;">&nbsp;</span><span _fck_bookmark="1" style="display: none;">&nbsp;</span>drawmanga.co.uk</p><p> &nbsp;</p><p> The study was also done in a tea room that asked for donations for the tea. Subjects in the experiment that were faced with the staring eyes picture paid three times as much for the tea than those who were in a room that did not have the eyes drawing.</p><p> &nbsp;</p><p> In London, officials are using this experiment to see whether or not the city should use large eyes on the city&rsquo;s CCTV cameras. CCTV is a camera network that is meant to monitor the streets and prevent crime. So far, it has proven to be of <a href="http://www.thisislondon.co.uk/news/article-23412867-tens-of-thousands-of-cctv-cameras-yet-80-of-crime-unsolved.do">little effect</a>.</p><p> &nbsp;</p><h2> <strong>Could starring eyes be a drug use deterrent?</strong></h2><p> &nbsp;</p><p> Because the success of these experiments is so striking, and the efforts to paint or post eyes on something a relatively easy thing to do, how could this be replicated in areas where there is high drug use? Should there be a pair of eyes painted underneath high school bleachers? What about in ally ways or in public bathrooms?</p><p> &nbsp;</p><p> Other, seemingly simple solutions to issues with people loitering, committing crime or doing drugs in public places have worked very well. For example, <a href="http://www2.wsls.com/news/2009/jul/08/lynchburg_public_library_uses_music_to_fight_loite-ar-377237/" target="_blank">playing classical music to discourage loitering</a>. The simple solution of painting eyes on the side of the wall might yield great results.</p><p> &nbsp;</p><p> <em>Front picture done by <a href="http://www.math.binghamton.edu/alex/Eyes.html">Emily R. Feingold</a></em></p>The President, Smoking and the Role Model Questions (Again)http://www.drugrehabtreatmenthelp.com/blog/The+President%2C+Smoking+and+the+Role+Model+Questions+%28Again%29 <p> &nbsp;</p><p> We have inadvertently created a series of articles questioning the idea of role models and addiction. So far, we have looked at if an appropriate role model should or should not have had experience with <a href="../../blog/Should+former+addicts+do+PSAs%3F+Ask+Bristol+Palin%2C+The+Situation+and+Keith+Olbermann/" target="_blank">drug addiction</a> or alcoholism in the past. We have also looked at <a href="../../blog/Nurse+Jackie+and+the+Role+Model+Debate/" target="_blank">addiction in the medical field</a>, pointing out one circumstance where it seemed appropriate that the model of how to live a drug-free life have a background of previous drug abuse. There have recently been several stories about celebrities who have used drugs, like Lindsay Lohan, rapper T.I. and <a href="../../blog/Gossip+Magazines+and+Celebrity+Drug+Use%3A+Have+they+gone+too+far%3F/" target="_blank">Miley Cyrus</a>. While we have not specifically written on what celebrities&rsquo; drug use means for whether or not celebrities should be role models to teens and young children, you can imagine it would fit in nicely with the series.</p><p> &nbsp;</p><p> Taking the question to the next level, this past Thursday a <a href="http://blogs.wsj.com/health/2010/12/10/smoking-in-dc-obama-boehner-and-the-surgeon-generals-report/" target="_blank">Wall Street Journal Health Blog post</a>, noted President Barack Obama&rsquo;s nicotine addiction and on/off smoking habit. With a recent report from the Surgeon General specifying the effects of smoking and second hand smoke in greater detail than we have ever seen before, we are once again confronted with the question of who can and should advocate against drug use?</p><p> &nbsp;</p><p style="text-align: center;"> <a href="http://www.cbsnews.com/video/watch/?id=7143081n" target="_blank"><img alt="Obama smoking" src="/pix/smoking.jpg" style="width: 400px; height: 216px; margin: 2px;" /></a></p><p style="text-align: center;"> Click on the picture for Bob Schieffer&#39;s Commentary video</p><p> &nbsp;</p><p> However, it is also noted that President Obama has not &quot;been seen&quot; with a cigarette in 9 months. The efforts of the President and the example this sets for people struggling with quitting smoking was noted by CBS News commentator, Bob Schieffer, who thanked Obama for not smoking on CBS News and challenged heavy-smoker, Republican Senator, John Boehner, to not let President Obama one-up him and quit as well.</p>Gossip Magazines and Celebrity Drug Use: Have they gone too far?http://www.drugrehabtreatmenthelp.com/blog/Gossip+Magazines+and+Celebrity+Drug+Use%3A+Have+they+gone+too+far%3F <p> &nbsp;</p><p> The media, especially the celebrity gossip type, is notorious for hot/cold and oh-so-hypocritical coverage of celebrity drama. One minute &ldquo;they&rdquo; (you name the magazine, television program, blog, it is talking about celebrities) vilify a celebrity&rsquo;s actions whether it is an affair, drug use, etc. The next minute, if/when the same celebrity makes even a semi-good career or personal decision, the same magazine praises him/her. No celebrity is immune it and definitely <u>no</u> media channel will refrain from talking about it. But at what point should these outlets show some restraint? At what point will readers demand that there not be such a polarizing approach to an individual&rsquo;s actions?</p><p> &nbsp;</p><p> <img alt="Miley Cyrus" src="/pix/Cyrus.jpg" style="width: 250px; height: 349px; margin: 2px; float: left;" /> Miley Cyrus is the latest victim of a barrage of media scrutiny for a video of her smoking the drug, Salvia. <a href="../../blog/Magic+Mint+and+Sally+D%3A+Is+the+new+hallucinogen+safe%3F/" target="_blank">Salvia is a hallucinogen</a> that is legal in many states and, so far, has shown no harmful effects. It is one thing for a magazine to state the facts of what happened and what is involved, but it is another thing to completely blow the story out of proportion, especially given the fact that the drug is legal in California where Cyrus smoked it.&nbsp;&nbsp;</p><p> &nbsp;</p><p> One example of this is a post written by Bonnie Fuller for <a href="http://www.huffingtonpost.com/bonnie-fuller/miley-cyrus-bong-smoking-_b_795234.html" target="_blank">The Huffington Post</a>. Fuller is the editor-in-chief of Hollywoodlife.com, a celebrity gossip website. She has had a long career as the editor for reputable women&rsquo;s magazines such as <em>Marie Claire</em> and <em>Glamour</em>. But do these credentials give her the permission to say that the video of Cyrus is &ldquo;a desperate cry for her parents to pay attention&rdquo; to her?</p><p> &nbsp;</p><p> Fuller makes several judgments of Cyrus&rsquo;s behavior including:</p><p> &nbsp;</p><p style="margin-left: 40px;"> &ldquo;Salvia may not be an illegal substance in California, as it is in many other states, but that doesn&#39;t make her behavior any less self-destructive than if she was snorting cocaine.&rdquo;</p><p> &nbsp;</p><p style="margin-left: 40px;"> &nbsp;&ldquo;Miley knew that she was being videotaped while she smoked and laughed like a hyena. What does that mean? It means Billy Ray and Tish, that she desperately wants you to know <em>and</em> to <a href="http://Reprimanding Drug Use: Is there a right way? The media, especially the celebrity gossip type, is notorious for hot/cold and oh-so-hypocritical coverage of celebrity drama. One minute “they” (you name the magazine, television program, blog, it is talking about celebrities) vilify a celebrity’s actions whether it is an affair, drug use, etc. The next minute, if/when the same celebrity makes even a semi-good career or personal decision, the same magazine praises him/her. No celebrity is immune it and definitely no media channel will refrain from talking about it. But at what point should these outlets show some restraint? At what point will readers demand that there not be such a polarizing approach to an individual’s actions? Miley Cyrus is the latest victim of a barrage of media scrutiny for a video of her smoking the drug, Salvia. Salvia a hallucinogen that is legal in many states and, so far, has shown no harmful effects. It is one thing for a magazine to state the facts of what happened and what is involved, but it is another thing to completely blow the story out of proportion, especially given the fact that the drug is legal in California where Cyrus smoked it. One example of this is a post written by Bonnie Fuller for The Huffington Post. Fuller is the editor-in-chief of Hollywoodlife.com, a celebrity gossip website. She has had a long career as the editor for reputable women’s magazines such as Marie Claire and Glamour. But do these credentials give her the permission to say that the video of Cyrus is “a desperate cry for her parents to pay attention” to her? Fuller makes several judgments of Cyrus’s behavior including: “Salvia may not be an illegal substance in California, as it is in many other states, but that doesn't make her behavior any less self-destructive than if she was snorting cocaine.” “Miley knew that she was being videotaped while she smoked and laughed like a hyena. What does that mean? It means Billy Ray and Tish, that she desperately wants you to know and to act like her parents and tell her to stop, now!” Or it could mean that Cyrus is like every other teenager who films and takes photos of everything, just for fun? As the hyperlink with this second part of the article shows, not only does Fuller criticize Miley Cyrus’s actions. In October, Fuller wrote an article titled, “Billy Ray &amp; Tish Cyrus You Need to Tame 17-year-old Miley!” “She knows that during the past year, every time she has misbehaved -- wearing see-thru tops in public, drinking underage -- she's set off a firestorm of attention in the press.” This blog post in the Huffing Post is just a small contribution to the vicious cycle of the press paying attention to celebrities and their bad choices and celebrities making bad choices to get press. We all know Cyrus isn’t the only one who wears scandalous clothing and does drugs to get media attention. Fuller uses quotes from medical professionals to support her argument that Cyrus is acting out because of her parents divorce. Whether this is the case or not, Hollywoodlife.com will still have “click for more racy pics of Miley” buttons all over the website for easy, money-generating abilities. This doesn’t at all contribute to why Cyrus would want to wear revealing clothing. If this was just about the cat and mouse game gossip magazines play with celebrities, the joke would be on me. I’m reading about it, talking about it and publicizing Cyrus’s actions just like any other media outlet. However, the biggest problem with a story like this is what happens when it is placed in the larger narrative about drug legalization, drug use amongst teens and drug abuse. Stories and reactions like this are not just detrimental to one, famous individual. Rather, they perpetuate an either/or, yes/no, good/evil approach to talking about very complex issues that impact the way all readers approach these subjects. The outlets that write about these stories have no capacity or interest in looking at how their stories contribute to the problem (or how their condemnation exacerbates the situation). Why? This is what gets their companies more readers and traffic. Unfortunately, as long as the stories of young Hollywood’s drug problems are splashed all over the press, there is no way to have a real conversation about how to accurately and honestly talk about teen drug use and how to effectively end drug abuse in our country." target="_blank">act like her parents</a> and tell her to stop, now!&rdquo;</p><p> &nbsp;</p><p> Or it could mean that Cyrus is like every other teenager who films and takes photos of everything, just for fun? As the hyperlink with this second part of the article shows, not only does Fuller criticize Miley Cyrus&rsquo;s actions. In October, Fuller wrote an article titled, &ldquo;Billy Ray &amp; Tish Cyrus You Need to Tame 17-year-old Miley!&rdquo;</p><p> &nbsp;</p><p style="margin-left: 40px;"> &ldquo;She knows that during the past year, every time she has misbehaved -- wearing see-thru tops in public, drinking underage -- she&#39;s set off a firestorm of attention in the press.&rdquo;</p><p> &nbsp;</p><p> This blog post in the Huffing Post is just a small contribution to the vicious cycle of the press paying attention to celebrities and their bad choices and celebrities making bad choices to get press. We all know Cyrus isn&rsquo;t the only one who wears scandalous clothing and does drugs to get media attention. Fuller use<img alt="Bonnie Fuller" src="/pix/Bonnie.jpg" style="width: 200px; height: 300px; margin: 2px; float: right;" />s quotes from medical professionals to support her argument that Cyrus is acting out because of her parents divorce. Whether this is the case or not, Hollywoodlife.com will still have &ldquo;click for more racy pics of Miley&rdquo; buttons all over the website for easy, money-generating abilities. This doesn&rsquo;t at all contribute to why Cyrus would want to wear revealing clothing.&nbsp;&nbsp;</p><p> &nbsp;</p><p> If this was just about the cat and mouse game gossip magazines play with celebrities, the joke would be on me. I&rsquo;m reading about it, talking about it and publicizing Cyrus&rsquo;s actions just like any other media outlet.&nbsp;</p><p> &nbsp;</p><p> However, the biggest problem with a story like this is what happens when it is placed in the larger narrative about drug legalization, drug use amongst teens and drug abuse. <em>Stories and reactions like this are not just detrimental to one, famous individual. Rather, they perpetuate an either/or, yes/no, good/evil approach to talking about very complex issues that impact the way all readers approach these subjects.</em></p><p> &nbsp;</p><p> The outlets that write about these stories have no capacity or interest in looking at how their stories contribute to the problem (or how their condemnation exacerbates the situation). Why? This is what gets their companies more readers and traffic. Unfortunately, as long as the stories of young Hollywood&rsquo;s drug problems are splashed all over the press, there is no way to have a real conversation about how to accurately and honestly talk about teen drug use and how to effectively end drug abuse in our country.</p>Magic Mint and Sally D: Is the new hallucinogen safe?http://www.drugrehabtreatmenthelp.com/blog/Magic+Mint+and+Sally+D%3A+Is+the+new+hallucinogen+safe%3F <p> &nbsp;</p><p> A recent <a href="http://healthland.time.com/2010/12/08/a-mexican-hallucinogen-is-piquing-scientists-and-regulators-interest/#ixzz17eQMTdPV">TIME article</a>, &ldquo;A Mexican Hallucinogen Piques Scientists&#39; and Regulators&#39; Interest&rdquo;, examines the initial studies on Salvia divinorum, a hallucinogenic plant from Mexico. After noting that its properties have been known (anecdotally) to improve depression. Also, a small study done at John Hopkins University found a unique compound where &ldquo;there is good reason to think a derivative of the drug could one day provide a breakthrough medication for chronic pain, Alzheimer&#39;s disease and other forms of dementia&rdquo;. The first question the writer poses about the drug is: &ldquo;Is it safe?&rdquo;&nbsp; <img alt="Sal" src="/pix/sal.jpg" style="width: 350px; height: 231px; margin: 2px; float: right;" /></p><p> &nbsp;</p><p> This is an absurd question. The lowest doses of Tylenol are not safe if you use too much. This simplistic, binary question immediately puts readers on the defensive, asking them to choose whether or not the Salvia is good or bad, yes or no. Is this how we should chose which drugs we use? Is alcohol safe? Is cold medicine safe? When used improperly or in inappropriate circumstances, the answer is no.</p><p> &nbsp;</p><p> By answering this question, where does it get us in learning about this new drug? Does it mean it will become legal? Or people will be able to use it in the 14 states where it has been banned?</p><p> &nbsp;</p><p> The reporter goes on to say that, according to an initial study, Salvia did prove to be safe to use with highs lasting between 2 and 20 minutes. The article did not note any damaging side effects. It concludes by saying that the studies preliminary findings &ldquo;bode well for the feasibility of future research on the drug, the authors write.&rdquo; The question of whether or not it is safe is important for the scientists, regulators and drug companies.</p><p> &nbsp;</p><p> Also see reports on Salvia on <a href="http://www.npr.org/blogs/health/2010/12/07/131883698/salvia-raises-no-safety-flags-in-small-test" target="_blank">NPR</a>.</p>Nurse Jackie and the Role Model Debatehttp://www.drugrehabtreatmenthelp.com/blog/Nurse+Jackie+and+the+Role+Model+Debate <p> &nbsp;</p><p> Why do television shows become successful? In one-way or another, they reflect our reality - the reality of where we live, who we are, what we feel. Showtime&rsquo;s award winning television show <em><a>Nurse Jackie</a></em> is so successful, why? Not only do we see a <a href="http://www.imdb.com/name/nm0004908/%27" target="_blank">relatable woman</a>, dealing with the everyday issues of working full time, being a mother, wife, dealing with coworkers, having an affair. The show gives us a window into the medical field to reveal what many people have always known, but few have admitted &ndash; doctors are humans too.</p><p> &nbsp;</p><p style="text-align: center;"> <object height="385" width="640"><param name="movie" value="http://www.youtube.com/v/5op6IdCXYqo?fs=1&amp;hl=en_US" /><param name="allowFullScreen" value="true" /><param name="allowscriptaccess" value="always" /><embed allowfullscreen="true" allowscriptaccess="always" height="385" src="http://www.youtube.com/v/5op6IdCXYqo?fs=1&amp;hl=en_US" type="application/x-shockwave-flash" width="640"></embed></object></p><p> &nbsp;</p><p> Drug addiction within the medical community is a topic that most people (i.e. possible patients) would rather not recognize, if only for the fact that we hope, &ldquo;Just as long as you&rsquo;re not high while doing surgery on me, that&rsquo;s fine.&rdquo; However, as we see from a recent <a href="http://www.latimes.com/health/ct-met-doctor-addicts-20101209,0,6454683.story" target="_blank">Los Angeles Times</a> feature on Dr. Richard Ready, a former alcoholic and drug addict, this is not the reality.</p><p> &nbsp;</p><p style="margin-left: 40px;"> &ldquo;Ready took stimulants to keep alert through his daily rounds. He took heavy <a href="http://www.latimes.com/topic/health/symptoms/pain-HEISY000035.topic" target="_blank">pain</a> relievers to numb his emotions after his mother&#39;s death. He wrote himself a prescription for the sedative Tranxene to calm his nerves before an important seminar.&rdquo;</p><p> &nbsp;</p><p> On second thought, who better to be a user than a doctor who is around medicine all day and can write his own prescriptions? According to the article, &ldquo;some studies suggest as many as 1 in 10 in the health care field are using drugs or battling some level of addiction, a rate similar to other white-collar jobs.&rdquo; Looks like doctors and nurses are normal.</p><p> &nbsp;</p><h2> <strong>Former Addicts as Mentors? Depends on the situation</strong></h2><p> &nbsp;</p><p> Last week we made a post about the debate between <a href="../../blog/Should+former+addicts+do+PSAs%3F+Ask+Bristol+Palin%2C+The+Situation+and+Keith+Olbermann/" target="_blank">whether or not former addicts are good role models</a><a href="http://drugrehabtreatmenthelp.com/blog/Should+former+addicts+do+PSAs%3F+Ask+Bristol+Palin%2C+The+Situation+and+Keith+Olbermann/" target="_blank"> </a>for people who struggle with addiction. Both sides of the debate have a case for and against it. What the LA Times stories shows is that each person&rsquo;s ability to recover from addiction must be judged on a case-by-case basis. It depends on the recovered addict, the struggling addict and the settings from which their interactions happen. Therefore, the nuances within each situation a person struggles with addiction must be considered and included in the debate.</p><p> &nbsp;</p><p> For example, now sober for over 25 years, Dr. Ready is an addiction specialist and counsels other medical professionals and people who work in high stress situations. How does his experience impact his ability to help these people? In what ways does it hurt or help? He is also dealing with adults who are high-functioning and work in a highly &ldquo;intellectualized&rdquo; and stressful space. These conditions are much different than a teenager being offered Adderall in class. And these two circumstances are all together different than a child growing up with an alcoholic parent.</p><p> &nbsp;</p><p> Therefore, different types of role models and support are needed for the different ways in which a person becomes and functions as an addict.</p><p> &nbsp;</p><p> This may be a &ldquo;duh&rdquo; conclusion for people working in the drug and alcohol rehabilitation field. However, it is always important to remember, there is no <em>one </em>way to help people recover from addiction. Rather, it is a process that must take into account <em>everything </em>about the person in order to understand what he/she needs to get help.</p>LSD and Your Altered State of Minds - Mind Hacks and The Nationhttp://www.drugrehabtreatmenthelp.com/blog/LSD+and+Your+Altered+State+of+Minds+-+Mind+Hacks+and+The+Nation <p> &nbsp;</p><p> The Nation recently republished <a href="http://www.thenation.com/article/156918/lsd-research-joy-ride">an article</a> that appeared in the magazine on May 16, <em>1966.</em> The article explores where one could buy LSD and the effects it had on users, particularly in terms of changing a user&rsquo;s approach to life and motivation. The article definitely is situated in a different time where the use of LSD was still a questionable, but viable drug. It also shows the ways in which the times may or may not have impacted the way the Doctors interpret the findings of studies on LSD.</p><p> &nbsp;</p><p> This article is particularly interesting given the fact that <a href="http://mindhacks.com/2010/12/06/interview-with-wade-davis-part-i-altered-states/">mindhacks.com&rsquo;s</a> <span class="url fn">Vaughan Bell</span> and journalist Ana Maria just interviewed anthropologist, Wade Davis, about his experience with mind-altering substances and how culture influences the type of high one gets when they are used.</p><p> &nbsp;</p><p> We suggest that you read the interview with Wade Davis to set the tone on how to interpret the case study, provided by The Nation&#39;s article. Mr. Davis is talking about the difference in experience one guest from using mind-alerting substances in different situations. However, The Nation&#39;s article shows that, in the same way, a difference of circumstance (or in this case time period) influences the way one interprets people&#39;s use of the drug.</p><p> &nbsp;</p><p> <a href="http://www.thenation.com/article/156918/lsd-research-joy-ride">&ldquo;LSD: Research &amp; Joy Ride&rdquo;. Dr. J.Thomas Ungerleider and Dr. Duke D. Fisher. The Nation. May 16, 1966. Republished December 8, 2010.</a></p><p> &nbsp;</p><p> <a href="http://mindhacks.com/2010/12/06/interview-with-wade-davis-part-i-altered-states/">&ldquo;Interview with Wade Davis: Part 1 &ndash; altered states&rdquo;. Matt Webb and Ana Maria. <em>Mind Hacks. </em>December 7, 2010.</a></p>How to Listen to Your Teenagerhttp://www.drugrehabtreatmenthelp.com/blog/How+to+Listen+to+Your+Teenager <p style="margin-left: 40px;"> &nbsp;</p><p> There is a lot of advice on how to talk to your teenager so they will feel heard and, hopefully, listen to what you have to say as well. When talking to a teenager who has started to use drugs or is addicted to drugs, you must change the way you talk because your old ways of speaking to him/her are not being heard.</p><p style="margin-left: 40px;"> &nbsp;</p><p> It is more than likely that your teen has gotten the &ldquo;don&rsquo;t do drugs&rdquo; message from lots of places: school, the media, you. But, your teenager has still used despite these messages. So, it looks like you need to change your approach. How do you do this?</p><p style="margin-left: 40px;"> &nbsp;</p><p> A good place to start is to talking to your teenager about his/her drug use, why they wanted to start, etc., in an open, honest, and real way.</p><p style="margin-left: 40px;"> &nbsp;</p><p> The sooner you are open to hearing what your child has to say about the issue, free of judgment, the &ldquo;just say no&rdquo; blanket advise, or telling them what not to do, the better. By talking with them, maybe you both can create a solution to the problem together. If you are willing to hear his/her side and experiences, he/she may be more willing to hear what you have to say by asking what you think.</p><p style="margin-left: 40px;"> &nbsp;</p><p> If your teenager asks for your opinion, advice, or even for help, you will make stronger connections with him/her and can help create ways to end his/her drug use faster.</p><p style="margin-left: 120px;"> &nbsp;</p><p style="margin-left: 40px;"> <em>Here are some key ways you can begin to better listen to your teenager:</em></p><p style="margin-left: 80pt;"> &nbsp;</p><h2> <strong>1. Create a safe space</strong></h2><p> &nbsp;</p><p style="margin-left: 40px;"> If your child is always in fear that you are not going to listen and will immediately interrupt or offer your two cents without hearing what he/she is saying, your teen will not talk to you.</p><p style="margin-left: 120px;"> &nbsp;</p><p style="margin-left: 40px;"> Creating a safe space means you giving your teen the room to freely talk about his or her feelings, experiences, and thoughts without fear of judgment or being given advice that he/she does not ask for in the first place.</p><p style="margin-left: 120px;"> &nbsp;</p><p style="margin-left: 40px;"> Adolescence is a time of defining oneself and developing the cognitive abilities to make decisions about ones own life. Allow your teen to go through the process of talking out, processing, and figuring out solutions for him/herself. This does not mean that you should leave them alone. In fact, being there as a support, simply listening, empowers your teen because he/she does not feel alone.</p><p style="margin-left: 80pt;"> &nbsp;</p><h2> <strong>2. Be attentive. Ask Questions &ndash; but not too many.</strong></h2><p style="margin-left: 80pt;"> &nbsp;</p><p style="margin-left: 40px;"> Every child is an individual and likes to interact in different ways. However, most children, most people in fact, like to express their thoughts, opinions, experiences, and ideas. By asking questions and listening attentively, you are showing your child that you are interested in his/her thoughts and opinions. This may lead to a greater willingness to hear your thoughts about various issues.</p><p style="margin-left: 80pt;"> &nbsp;</p><h2> <strong>3. Warning: The goal of listening to your child is not so he/she will listen to you. </strong></h2><h2> &nbsp;</h2><p style="margin-left: 40px;"> If you are reading this article and want to follow this advice just so your child will listen to you, these steps won&rsquo;t work. Yes, the ultimate goal is to help your teenager get better. However, if you simply want to make your child listen to you, that will reflect in how you talk to him/her. Teenagers are very smart and will be able to pick up on the fact that you have ulterior motives for listening. This will have the reverse effect and make them not want to talk with you.</p>Should former addicts do PSAs? Ask Bristol Palin, The Situation and Keith Olbermannhttp://www.drugrehabtreatmenthelp.com/blog/Should+former+addicts+do+PSAs%3F+Ask+Bristol+Palin%2C+The+Situation+and+Keith+Olbermann <p> &nbsp;</p><p style="margin-left: 40px;"> In the past week, Bristol Palin and MTV&rsquo;s Jersey Shore cast member, The Situation, released a PSA for abstinence <em>and </em>safe sex for The Candies Foundation. Since then, there has been a bit of controversy around the ad, due to MSNBC&rsquo;s Keith Olbermann calling Bristol Palin a hypocrite because she is a teenage mother.</p><p style="margin-left: 40px;"> &nbsp;</p><p style="margin-left: 40px;"> According to a <a href="http://voices.washingtonpost.com/tvblog/2010/12/bristol-palin-responds-to-keit.html" target="_blank">Washington Post article</a>, Bristol Palin responded to Olbermann&rsquo;s attacks on Facebook by saying:</p><p style="margin-left: 40px;"> &nbsp;</p><p style="margin-left: 80px;"> <em>&ldquo;&hellip;in order to have credibility as a spokesperson, it sometimes takes a person who has made mistakes. Parents warn their children about the mistakes they made so they are not repeated. Former gang members travel to schools to educate teenagers about the risks of gang life. Recovered addicts lecture to others about the risks of alcohol and drug abuse. And yes, a teen mother talks about the benefits of preventing teen pregnancy.&rdquo;</em></p><p style="margin-left: 40px;"> &nbsp;</p><p style="margin-left: 40px;"> While the issues of abstinence and safe-sex cannot be compared to drug abuse prevention, the argument between Olbermann and Palin does point to a broader issue of who should be considered a &ldquo;role model&rdquo; and whether or not former addicts should be the ones to encourage teenagers not to do drugs.</p><p style="margin-left: 40px;"> &nbsp;</p><p style="text-align: center;"> <object height="385" width="640"><param name="movie" value="http://www.youtube.com/v/UyWKlxNAh30?fs=1&amp;hl=en_US" /><param name="allowFullScreen" value="true" /><param name="allowscriptaccess" value="always" /><embed allowfullscreen="true" allowscriptaccess="always" height="385" src="http://www.youtube.com/v/UyWKlxNAh30?fs=1&amp;hl=en_US" type="application/x-shockwave-flash" width="640"></embed></object></p><p style="text-align: center;"> &nbsp;</p><p style="margin-left: 40px;"> On one side, you have the argument that to have a former addict telling kids they shouldn&rsquo;t do drugs is hypocritical. Another reason to add to this argument is the notion of permission - &ldquo;If you did it and were able to get stop, why can&rsquo;t I?&rdquo; When a teenager, or any person for that matter, sees that there is a recovered addict that may preferece his/her story with anecdotes of having &ldquo;done every drug you can think of&rdquo; or having &ldquo;crazy experiences&rdquo; on drugs but has been able to quit, it could send the message that it&rsquo;s fun and okay to do drugs because you will be able to quit. This is definitely not the case in reality, but having the former addict&rsquo;s experience to rely on may make it appear that way.</p><p style="margin-left: 40px;"> &nbsp;</p><p style="margin-left: 40px; text-align: center;"> <img alt="keith olbermann bristol palin" src="/pix/palin.jpg" style="width: 300px; height: 226px; margin: 2px;" /></p><p style="margin-left: 40px; text-align: center;"> Photo Courtesy of the NY Daily News</p><p style="margin-left: 40px;"> &nbsp;</p><p style="margin-left: 40px;"> The flip side says that a person who has made the mistake may be better able to reach teenagers than non-addicts because of his/her experiences. Not only does past experience give the recovered addict credibility, but he/she is able understand the pressures teenagers face, warning signs of addiction and how to help them not make the mistakes.</p><p style="margin-left: 40px;"> &nbsp;</p><p style="margin-left: 40px;"> <em><strong>Both are valid arguments. What do you think? Should recovering addicts be role models for teenagers?</strong></em></p>Battle of the Food Addictionshttp://www.drugrehabtreatmenthelp.com/blog/Battle+of+the+Food+Addictions <p> &nbsp;</p><p style="margin-left: 40px;"> Identifying eating disorders as addictions is <a href="http://healthland.time.com/2010/12/01/overeating-is-it-an-addiction/" target="_blank">more prominent</a> in the mainstream media than ever before. There has always been talk about issues such as anorexia or bulimia and over-eating and how they affect people&rsquo;s lives. However, only recently, with the influx of scientific research that correlates the dopamine released from these behaviors with that of drug use, has there been a direct connection with these eating-based disorders and the notion of addiction.</p><p style="margin-left: 40px;"> &nbsp;</p><p style="margin-left: 40px;"> The debate over the definition of whether <a href="../../drug-and-alcohol-abuse-information/what-is-addiction/" target="_blank">addition</a> is a disease or a matter of choice is beside the point for now. What will be most interesting as these conditions are increasingly talked about in terms of &ldquo;compulsive use, despite harmful consequences&rdquo; is how they transition from eating <em>disorders </em>to eating <em>addictions. </em>One area where we already see this happening is the treatment for eating disorders and obesity.</p><p> &nbsp;</p><p style="text-align: center;"> <img alt="eating disorders" src="/pix/scale.jpg" style="width: 400px; height: 300px;" /></p><p> &nbsp;</p><p style="margin-left: 40px;"> This week the New York times published two articles; one about how expensive treatment is for <a href="http://www.nytimes.com/2010/12/04/health/04patient.html?_r=1&amp;ref=health" target="_blank">eating disorders</a> and the second about how &ldquo;<a href="http://www.nytimes.com/2010/12/02/business/02obese.html?ref=health" target="_blank">weight-loss surgery</a>&rdquo; may become less expensive and more of an option for people who are less heavy. It is important to note that traditionally the term &ldquo;eating disorders&rdquo; refers to anorexia, bulimia, binge eating and obsessive dieting. Although technically food addiction is a form of eating disorder, it is typically not associated with the term.</p><p style="margin-left: 40px;"> &nbsp;</p><p style="margin-left: 40px;"> On the surface, we see a battle of weight addictions being played out before our eyes. At first blush, if we consider the introduction of these conditions to the addiction arena, see that they are already dueling in the media, might we compare it to the conversations rival for attention between alcoholism and drug addiction?</p><p style="margin-left: 40px;"> &nbsp;</p><h2> Eating Disorders: Insurance Won&rsquo;t Cover It (Enough)</h2><p> &nbsp;</p><p style="margin-left: 40px;"> The NYT article, <a href="http://www.nytimes.com/2010/12/04/health/04patient.html?_r=1&amp;ref=health" target="_blank">Treating Eating Disorders and Paying for It</a>, by Lesley Alderman, essentially states that</p><p style="margin-left: 40px;"> &nbsp;</p><p style="margin-left: 80px;"> 1) Eating disorders are on the rise. Greatest amongst children under 12 (up 119%), followed by adults ages 45 to 64 (up 48%) and men of all ages (up 37%).</p><p style="margin-left: 80px;"> 2) Eating disorders are hard to recognize.</p><p style="margin-left: 80px;"> 3) Eating disorders are expensive to treat, even if you have excellent health insurance coverage.</p><p style="margin-left: 40px;"> &nbsp;</p><p style="margin-left: 40px;"> There is a bleak assessment of the cost of treatment for eating disorders, especially considering the <em>dramatic</em> increases amongst demographics that wouldn&rsquo;t appear to be struggling with these issues. This is because there is no quick fix. What is the biggest treatment suggestion? Therapy.</p><p style="margin-left: 40px;"> &nbsp;</p><h2> The Lap-Band is a Marketable &ldquo;Fix&rdquo; for Obesity</h2><p> &nbsp;</p><p style="margin-left: 40px;"> NYT&rsquo;s <a href="http://www.nytimes.com/2010/12/02/business/02obese.html?pagewanted=2&amp;ref=health" target="_blank">Andrew Pollack</a> writes about the FDA considering &ldquo;a request by Allergan, the pharmaceutical company, to significantly lower how obese someone must be to qualify for surgery using the company&rsquo;s Lap-Band device, which restricts intake to the stomach.&rdquo; The article talks about:</p><p style="margin-left: 40px;"> &nbsp;</p><p style="margin-left: 80px;"> 1) the enormous increase of patients Allergan would get if the weight &amp; BMI requirement was lowered</p><p style="margin-left: 80px;"> 2) the need to talk more about the risks of the surgery</p><p style="margin-left: 80px;"> 3) the benefits of the surgery</p><p style="margin-left: 40px;"> &nbsp;</p><p style="margin-left: 40px;"> As noted in the article, Allergan, known mostly for its product, Botox. What is the solution to people struggling with weight and food addiction (among other things)? Surgery.</p><p> &nbsp;</p><p style="text-align: center;"> <img alt="eating disorders" src="/pix/lap.jpg" style="width: 245px; height: 75px;" /></p><h2> &nbsp;</h2><h2> Pharmaceutical Solutions vs. Therapy</h2><p> &nbsp;</p><p style="margin-left: 40px;"> If, as research has shown, that addictions generally revolve around the same type of neurological processes, why do treatments for these addictions have such wildly different costs? Coverage of treatment should be fair for people struggling with all types of addictions. At the beginning of writing this article, the goal was not to make the discussion about the influence of pharmaceutical companies in addiction treatment. However, the disparity in cost shown in these two articles, both regarding eating-related addictions, more clearly reveals pharma&rsquo;s role in pushing marketable medical treatments, and subsequently, pushing insurers to pay for these treatments. Not all addiction$ are created equal.</p><p style="margin-left: 40px;"> &nbsp;</p><p style="margin-left: 40px; text-align: center;"> <img alt="eating disorders" src="/pix/lap2.jpg" style="width: 250px; height: 372px;" /></p><p style="margin-left: 40px;"> &nbsp;</p><p style="margin-left: 40px;"> Reading these two articles suggests that, if there is a solution that can be provided by pharmaceutical companies (lap-band, methadone, <a href="http://healthland.time.com/2010/12/01/how-a-new-version-of-an-old-drug-may-someday-help-treat-autism-and-addiction-too/" target="_blank">Baclofen</a>, etc.) then it will more likely be considered by the government as a viable treatment and covered by insurance. If a type of addiction has solutions that do not have large profit margins - therapy, <a href="../../blog/Marijuana+and+Autism+Debate+Revisited+/" target="_blank">marijuana</a>, rehabilitation center funding - not only may the effectiveness of the treatments be disputed, they by de facto will cost <em>way </em>more and not be covered by insurance.</p><p style="margin-left: 40px;"> &nbsp;</p><p> <em><strong>Over eating addiction:1</strong></em></p><p> <em><strong>Eating disorders: 0</strong></em></p>Addiction and the Holidays: How to Dealhttp://www.drugrehabtreatmenthelp.com/blog/Addiction+and+the+Holidays%3A+How+to+Deal <p> &nbsp;</p><p> There is nothing quite like the holidays to make you want to get under the covers and stay there until the end of January. All of the parties, traditions and family time can make any one, addict or not, want to drink or smoke their way through not having to deal with the pain of being less than commercial-picture-perfect &ldquo;normal&rdquo;.</p><p> &nbsp;</p><p> But, this would mean you will be spending the next two months inebriated, sad, depressed and more than likely a burden to your family who already acknowledges that they are dysfunctional and don&rsquo;t know how to stop.&nbsp;</p><p> &nbsp;</p><p> Rather than relapsing or developing a new addiction altogether, let&rsquo;s figure out some ways we can get through this time. Whether you don&rsquo;t like the holiday season because your parents got divorced, a loved one died, you cannot be with your family or you feel alone and have no one to share the holidays with, there are several things you can do to make this time of year easier and maybe even enjoyable.</p><p> &nbsp;</p><p style="text-align: center;"> <img alt="How to Deal with the Holidays" src="/pix/greetingcard.jpg" style="width: 200px; height: 267px; border-width: 1px; border-style: solid; margin: 3px;" /></p><p style="text-align: center;"> Photo by <a href="http://www.etsy.com/people/Pequod?ref=ls_profile" target="_blank">Pequod</a> from Etsy.com</p><p style="text-align: center;"> &nbsp;</p><p style="text-align: center;"> <strong>The key to the suggestions is that you <span style="color: rgb(255, 0, 0);"><em>do </em></span>them. Our natural tendencies are to do things that do not push our boundaries. But this is what exacerbates our depression and anxiety and gets the Grinch/Scrooge cycle going all over again. </strong></p><p style="text-align: center;"> &nbsp;</p><p style="text-align: center;"> <strong>So, let&#39;s learn how to deal with the holidays.</strong></p><p style="margin-left: 0.5in; text-align: center;"> &nbsp;</p><h2> <strong>#1 - <span style="color: rgb(255, 0, 0);">The </span><span style="color: rgb(0, 128, 0);">Holiday</span><span style="color: rgb(255, 0, 0);"> Spirit </span>in<span style="color: rgb(255, 0, 0);"> You</span></strong></h2><h2> &nbsp;</h2><p style="margin-left: 0.5in;"> To know how to deal with the holidays, you have to know where you currently stand on why you don&rsquo;t like the holidays.</p><p style="margin-left: 0.5in;"> &nbsp;</p><p style="margin-left: 80px;"> &nbsp;- List the reason why you don&rsquo;t like the holidays.</p><p style="margin-left: 80px;"> &nbsp;- What makes you sad about these issues?</p><p style="margin-left: 80px;"> &nbsp;- Aside from your family or other types of drama, do you like anything about the holidays?</p><p style="margin-left: 160px;"> &nbsp;* For example, I love holiday wrapping paper and greeting cards</p><p style="margin-left: 93pt;"> &nbsp;</p><p style="margin-left: 40px;"> We can improve our holidays by a simple acknowledgment why we feel the way we do about this season. This understanding of ourselves will help us to know what we need to do to make the holidays better.</p><p> &nbsp;</p><p style="margin-left: 40px;"> <strong><em>Action step: <span style="color: rgb(255, 0, 0);">Literally write these things out and list why you like the holidays and don&rsquo;t like the holidays.</span></em></strong></p><p> &nbsp;</p><p style="text-align: center;"> <img alt="how to deal" src="/pix/wrapping.jpg" style="width: 250px; height: 250px; border-width: 1px; border-style: solid; margin: 3px;" /></p><p style="text-align: center;"> Photo by <a href="http://www.etsy.com/people/palomasnest?ref=ls_profile" target="_blank">palomasnest</a> at Etsy.com</p><h2> <strong>#2 - Plan <span style="color: rgb(0, 128, 0);">it</span> <span style="color: rgb(255, 0, 0);">out</span></strong></h2><p> &nbsp;</p><p style="margin-left: 40px;"> Often times we can get anxious and stressed simply because we don&rsquo;t know what is going to happen in the future. Where am I going to be on Christmas day? Who is going to be my New Year&rsquo;s Eve date?</p><p style="margin-left: 40px;"> &nbsp;</p><p style="margin-left: 40px;"> While we can&rsquo;t control everything in our lives (do what you can, not what you can&rsquo;t), with a little bit of planning, you can save yourself a lot of grief and can get excited about the events to come.</p><p style="margin-left: 120px;"> &nbsp;- Where are you going to be on the actual holiday&rsquo;s date?</p><p style="margin-left: 120px;"> &nbsp;- What is your budget for gifts?</p><p style="margin-left: 120px;"> &nbsp;- Who do you need presents for?</p><p style="margin-left: 120px;"> &nbsp;- Do you want to go elaborate on decorating, gifts, cooking or simple?</p><p style="margin-left: 40px;"> &nbsp;</p><p style="margin-left: 40px;"> By asking yourself some key questions, you can be aware of what is coming up to make sure that you have enough time to prepare and get ready.</p><p style="margin-left: 40px;"> &nbsp;</p><p style="margin-left: 40px;"> <strong><em>Action step: <span style="color: rgb(255, 0, 0);">Get a calendar and write out our plans.</span></em></strong></p><p> &nbsp;</p><p style="text-align: center;"> <img alt="how to deal" src="/pix/calendar.jpg" style="width: 250px; height: 162px; border-width: 1px; border-style: solid; margin: 3px;" /></p><p style="text-align: center;"> Photo by <a href="http://www.etsy.com/people/PikakePress?ga_search_query=clock&amp;ga_search_type=user_shop_ttt_id_5804546" target="_blank">PikakePress</a> at Etsy.com</p><p> &nbsp;</p><h2> <strong>#3 - <span style="color: rgb(255, 0, 0);">Give yourself</span> (and others) <span style="color: rgb(0, 128, 0);">grace and permission</span></strong></h2><p> &nbsp;</p><p style="margin-left: 40px;"> If at any time you are going through these steps and start freaking out, having a melt down or are getting stressed out, stop and take a break. Give yourself grace. This is a hard time, but you will get through it! If you need to go simple this year, give yourself permission to do so. If you need to not have your family over for dinner or even go to a family dinner that is okay.</p><p style="margin-left: 40px;"> &nbsp;</p><p style="margin-left: 40px;"> Equally important is to give that same grace to others. This doesn&rsquo;t mean you should let people cross your boundaries, but come from a place of understanding when you see others trying to deal with these hard times.</p><p> &nbsp;</p><p style="text-align: center;"> <img alt="How to Deal with the Holidays" src="../../pix/dove.jpg" style="width: 250px; height: 250px; border-width: 1px; border-style: solid; margin: 3px;" /></p><p style="text-align: center;"> Photo by <a href="http://www.etsy.com/people/LetterpressLight?ref=ls_profile" target="_blank">LetterpressLight</a> at Etsy.com</p><p> &nbsp;</p><h2> &nbsp;</h2><h2> <strong>#4 - Give your <span style="color: rgb(255, 0, 0);">time</span> to the <span style="color: rgb(0, 128, 0);">community</span></strong></h2><p> &nbsp;</p><p style="margin-left: 40px;"> The more you give of your time to helping others, the better you feel about yourself. This is a fact. And it doesn&rsquo;t make your giving any less necessary, valuable or important. Sign-up for to volunteer at a nonprofit or community organization in your neighborhood and donate your time. It doesn&rsquo;t have to be a soup kitchen if you don&rsquo;t like that. Pick something that you enjoy and want to share with others.</p><p style="margin-left: 40px;"> &nbsp;</p><p style="margin-left: 40px;"> The best part is that you will be surrounded by others and community.</p><p style="margin-left: 40px;"> &nbsp;</p><p style="margin-left: 40px;"> <strong><em>Action step: <span style="color: rgb(255, 0, 0);">Giving is one of the most profitable things you can do to feel better about yourself and enjoy the holiday season. Sign-up.</span></em></strong></p><p style="margin-left: 40px;"> &nbsp;</p><p style="text-align: center;"> <img alt="how to deal" src="/pix/volunteer.jpg" style="width: 250px; height: 219px; border-width: 1px; border-style: solid; margin: 3px;" /></p><p style="text-align: center;"> Photo by <a href="http://www.etsy.com/people/revampedart?ref=ls_profile" target="_blank">revampedart</a> at Etsy.com</p><p style="text-align: center;"> &nbsp;</p><h2> <strong>#5 - Pick out <span style="color: rgb(238, 130, 238);">treats</span> for yourself</strong></h2><p> &nbsp;</p><p style="margin-left: 40px;"> Especially if you are a recovering addict, you know the necessity of having other things in your life that you can turn to when you need comfort. Choosing treats that bring your happiness. When you are stressed, you have something that will quickly make you smile.</p><p style="margin-left: 80px;"> &nbsp;</p><p style="margin-left: 80px;"> <strong>Ideas:</strong></p><p style="margin-left: 80px;"> &nbsp;- Going for a walk</p><p style="margin-left: 80px;"> &nbsp;- Listening to music</p><p style="margin-left: 80px;"> &nbsp;- Baking cookies</p><p style="margin-left: 80px;"> &nbsp;- Reading</p><p style="margin-left: 80px;"> &nbsp;- Hanging out with friends</p><p style="margin-left: 80px;"> &nbsp;- Buying a special coffee drink or goodie that you never have</p><p style="margin-left: 80px;"> &nbsp;- See a movie</p><p style="margin-left: 80px;"> &nbsp;- The possibilities are endless</p><p style="margin-left: 80px;"> &nbsp;</p><p style="margin-left: 0.5in; text-align: center;"> <img alt="how to deal" src="/pix/french.jpg" style="width: 250px; height: 294px; border-width: 1px; border-style: solid; margin: 3px;" /></p><p style="margin-left: 0.5in; text-align: center;"> Photo by <a href="http://www.etsy.com/people/KcSoapsNmore?ref=ls_profile" target="_blank">KcSoapsNmore</a> at Etsy.com</p><p style="margin-left: 0.5in; text-align: center;"> &nbsp;</p><h2> # 6 <span style="color: rgb(255, 0, 0);">Exercise</span></h2><p> &nbsp;</p><p style="margin-left: 40px;"> Getting out to stretch your legs and get the blood flowing through your body is one of the top things you can do to curb depression. By taking the time to take care of yourself with exercise, you look and feel great and will be surprise at how much better you are able to clearly think about difficult situations.</p><p style="margin-left: 40px;"> &nbsp;</p><p style="margin-left: 40px;"> <strong><em>Action step: <span _fck_bookmark="1" style="display: none;">&nbsp;</span><span style="color: rgb(255, 0, 0);">10 minutes of exercise goes a long way!</span></em></strong><span _fck_bookmark="1" style="display: none;">&nbsp;</span></p><h2> &nbsp;</h2><h2> <strong>#7 <span style="color: rgb(0, 128, 0);">Beautiful Things</span><span style="color: rgb(255, 0, 0);"> </span>and<span style="color: rgb(255, 0, 0);"> Positivity</span></strong></h2><p> &nbsp;</p><p style="margin-left: 40px;"> No one wants to be around a scrooge. Not even yourself. Surround yourself with things that are beautiful to you to help give you a positive perspective and want to be kind to others.</p><p style="margin-left: 40px;"> &nbsp;</p><p style="text-align: center;"> <img alt="How to Deal" src="../../pix/scrooge1.jpg" style="width: 300px; height: 237px; border-width: 1px; border-style: solid; margin: 3px;" /></p><p style="text-align: center;"> &nbsp;</p><h2> <strong>#8 <span style="color: rgb(255, 0, 0);">Relax</span>, <span style="color: rgb(0, 128, 0);">even if everything is not perfect or even comfortable</span></strong></h2><p> &nbsp;</p><p style="margin-left: 40px;"> Life is messy. But the good thing is that life goes in ebbs and flows &ndash; bad times never last forever. When you sense yourself starting to get up tight because everything is crazy around you, close your eyes, take a deep breath, remember the other seven things (above) that you have done to manage this feeling.</p><p style="margin-left: 40px;"> &nbsp;</p><p style="margin-left: 40px;"> You are managing the holidays beautifully!</p>Keith Urban and Oprah on Rehab, Stress and Relationshipshttp://www.drugrehabtreatmenthelp.com/blog/Keith+Urban+and+Oprah+on+Rehab%2C+Stress+and+Relationships <p> &nbsp;</p><p> While news and gossip magazine coverage has been relatively slow now that Lindsay Lohan has stayed in rehab for longer than two seconds, let&rsquo;s use the time to discuss what goes on while an addict is actually <em>in</em> rehab. Lohan isn&rsquo;t the only celebrity dealing with tough issues regarding career, family and future plans as a recovering addict. Country singer Keith Urban was recently on Oprah talking about the fact that he thought his wife, actress Nicole Kidman, would leave him when she had to plan an intervention for Urban to go to rehabilitation.</p><p> &nbsp;</p><p style="text-align: center;"> <object height="385" width="640"><param name="movie" value="http://www.youtube.com/v/NP7laWixjaw?fs=1&amp;hl=en_US" /><param name="allowFullScreen" value="true" /><param name="allowscriptaccess" value="always" /><embed allowfullscreen="true" allowscriptaccess="always" height="385" src="http://www.youtube.com/v/NP7laWixjaw?fs=1&amp;hl=en_US" type="application/x-shockwave-flash" width="640"></embed></object></p><p> &nbsp;</p><p> According to <a href="http://blog.seattlepi.com/people/archives/230152.asp" target="_blank">some reports</a>, Urban &ldquo;thought his addictions would &quot;tear&quot; the couple apart and &quot;destroy&quot; their marriage.&rdquo; Also in the interview with Oprah, Urban says his latest stint at the Betty Ford Center was the third time he has tried to kick the habit.</p><p> &nbsp;</p><h2> <strong>Loved Ones&hellip; </strong></h2><p> &nbsp;</p><p> Urban&rsquo;s interview points to at least two very poignant insights into what happens when a person goes to rehab. The first is the time, work and effort the loved one who is not addicted and doesn&rsquo;t have to go to rehab must do herself. Going to drug rehabilitation isn&rsquo;t just for the addict. It is a process for the wife, husband, mother, father, siblings, even friends and extended family.</p><p> &nbsp;</p><p style="text-align: center;"> <img alt="Nicole Kidman and Keith Urban" src="/pix/nicole2.jpg" style="width: 320px; height: 240px; border-width: 2px; border-style: solid;" /></p><p> &nbsp;</p><p> There are many ways the loved one can deal with the process with many emotions that she goes through and ways of handling the approaching the addict&rsquo;s treatment. (See <a href="../../blog/How+to+Help+an+Addict%3A+TED+TALK+3/" target="_blank">How to Handle an Addict</a>) This was noted by Urban when he acknowledged that Kidman could have easily walked away for the whole situation.</p><p> &nbsp;</p><p> There are several main aspects to who the rehabilitation process effects:</p><p> &nbsp;</p><ol style="margin-left: 40px;"> <li> the addict dealing with his/her personal issues at rehab,</li> <li> the addict&rsquo;s loved one has his/her own personal issues regarding the addict and the addict going to rehab,</li> <li> the relationship between these two people</li> <li> the outside world &amp; how it reacts to the <ol> <li> addict</li> <li> loved on of the addict</li> <li> addict +loved one relationship</li> </ol> </li></ol><p> &nbsp;</p><p> &hellip;just to name a few.</p><p> &nbsp;</p><h2> <strong>Stress&hellip;</strong></h2><p> &nbsp;</p><p> The complexity in the convoluted combination of hurt, anger, sadness and habit within these relationships is incredible. Hopefully the issues that come about from these relationships will be dealt with while the person is in rehab and continued in counseling. Even if they are addressed with in rehab, anyone who has dealt with an inkling of the situations surrounding the rehabilitation process knows <a href="../../blog/Stress+and+Addiction/" target="_blank"><strong><em>the stress is phenomenal</em></strong></a><strong><em>. </em></strong>What can stress lead to?</p><p> &nbsp;</p><h2> <strong>Relapse&hellip;</strong></h2><p> &nbsp;</p><p> Just like Keith Urban, anyone who has gone to rehab more than once knows that drug rehabilitation is not a process that an addict goes through once and is cured. Statistically, relapse is very high among addicts.</p><p> &nbsp;</p><p style="text-align: center;"> <img alt="Keith Urban" src="/pix/keith.jpg" style="width: 252px; height: 261px; border-width: 2px; border-style: solid;" /></p><p> &nbsp;</p><p> Often this discourages a person from continuing to work their program and go back for more help. However, if and when they do go back, the chances that they <a href="../../blog/Once+an+addict%2C+always+an+addict%3F+Relapse+Meaning+and+the+Key+to+Sobriety/" target="_blank">will recover more fully and not have a relapse</a> increases as well. This goes to show that if you have a day of relapse, you&rsquo;re progress and days of sobriety are not wiped away.</p><p> &nbsp;</p><h2> <strong>Keith Urban &amp; Nicole Kidman Move Past Drugs</strong></h2><p> &nbsp;</p><p> Keith Urban and Nicole Kidman have two strikes against them in Urban&rsquo;s work to stay sober. One, the stress of conquering addiction is a battle that never ends. It will always be something that they both have to manage and work on, personally, professionally and in their relationship. Two, they are constantly in the press whether he is in rehab or not. This professional stress only adds another dynamic to the already difficult task of getting through a day without drinking or doing drugs.</p><p> &nbsp;</p><p style="text-align: center;"> <img alt="Kieth Urban and Nicole Kidman" src="/pix/nicole.jpg" style="width: 400px; height: 300px; border-width: 2px; border-style: solid; margin: 3px;" /></p><p> &nbsp;</p><p> However, as seen in Oprah&rsquo;s interview of the two superstars, they are using their celebrity to move past (slightly past, this is television after all) the superficial talk about what it means to be an &ldquo;addict&rdquo; and to look at the reality of how it impacts, not only the addict, but his relationships. Especially with celebrities, these conversations are vital to dim the <em>drama </em>of celebrity struggle with addiction, rehab and relapses. Instead, it goes deeper to show the public what a difficult process it is behind the treatment walls. Hopefully these conversations will impact the way we talk about the next celebrity that has to enter rehab&hellip;again.</p>Lindsay Lohan Wants to Open Her Own Rehabhttp://www.drugrehabtreatmenthelp.com/blog/Lindsay+Lohan+Wants+to+Open+Her+Own+Rehab <p> &nbsp;</p><p> In her most recent interview on <em>Today, </em>Dina Lohan. the mother of Lindsay Lohan, said that Lindsay wants to start her own drug rehabilitation facilities (<a href="http://www.drugrehabtreatmenthelp.com/news/Drug,+Addiction+and+Rehab+News%3A+October+7/">like father like daughter</a>). As noted by <em><a href="http://newsfeed.time.com/2010/11/09/lindsay-lohan-wants-to-open-her-own-rehab-center/">TIME</a></em>, Lohan has been in and out of rehab five times in the last three years. Those stints with rehab have also been because she has failed mandatory drug tests and drove under the influence.</p><p> &nbsp;</p><p style="text-align: center;"> <object height="288" width="512"><param name="movie" value="http://www.hulu.com/embed/_0Et79_r8fKnJAAcoAbsfw" /><param name="allowFullScreen" value="true" /><embed allowfullscreen="true" height="288" src="http://www.hulu.com/embed/_0Et79_r8fKnJAAcoAbsfw" type="application/x-shockwave-flash" width="512"></embed></object></p><p> &nbsp;</p><p> There have been recent articles that Lohan has admitted to herself that she has a problem and is an addict. While this is a great step to recovery, this is just the beginning. For now, this first step is noted in the media as both a &ldquo;<em>we&rsquo;ll wait and see if she keeps it up</em>&rdquo; story, a &ldquo;<em>she is crazy for thinking she should open a rehab</em>&rdquo; story and also a &ldquo;<em>Lindsay getting her life together and on the up and up</em>&rdquo; story. All of the press and media attention must be overwhelming, especially given the many mixed messages that are heard over the airways.</p><p> &nbsp;</p><h3> <em>Give us your feed back: Would you go to a rehabilitation sponsored by Lindsay? (no pun intended)</em></h3>Does a relapse mean you have to go back to day one?http://www.drugrehabtreatmenthelp.com/blog/Does+a+relapse+mean+you+have+to+go+back+to+day+one%3F <p> &nbsp;</p><p> An article in the <a href="http://www.lvrj.com/news/addicts--families-hope-program-survives-setbacks-106431443.html">Las Vegas Review-Journal</a> updates readers on Jack Armstrong, a 20 year-old who went through the Youth Offender Court rehabilitation program in Las Vegas. He was 80 days sober and the poster child for the success and potential of the programs. But when his drug-using buddy came into town, Jack had a relapsed and used OxyContin.</p><p> &nbsp;</p><p> The article says, &ldquo;When his drug-using buddy returned to town, Armstrong&rsquo;s 80-plus days of sobriety were gone &ndash; just like that.&rdquo;</p><p> &nbsp;</p><p> Is this statement true? Does all of the work that Jack had done on himself and his disease get wiped away with just one hit?</p><p> &nbsp;</p><p> <span style="font-size: 14px;"><strong><em>Let us know what you think below. Does a drug or alcohol relapse take you back to day one?&nbsp; </em></strong></span></p>TED TALK 6: How Culture Affects Your Choice to Do Drugshttp://www.drugrehabtreatmenthelp.com/blog/TED+TALK+6%3A+How+Culture+Affects+Your+Choice+to+Do+Drugs <p> &nbsp;</p><p> <span style="font-size: 14px;"><strong>Speaker: </strong>Sheena Iyengar</span></p><p> &nbsp;</p><p> <span style="font-size: 14px;"><strong>Topic: </strong></span></p><p> &nbsp;</p><p> &ldquo;It is a mistake to assume that everyone thrives under the pressure to choose alone.&rdquo;</p><p> &nbsp;</p><!--copy and paste--><p style="text-align: center;"> <object height="326" width="446"><param name="movie" value="http://video.ted.com/assets/player/swf/EmbedPlayer.swf" /><param name="allowFullScreen" value="true" /><param name="allowScriptAccess" value="always" /><param name="wmode" value="transparent" /><param name="bgColor" value="#ffffff" /> <param name="flashvars" value="vu=http://video.ted.com/talks/dynamic/SheenaIyengar_2010G-medium.flv&amp;su=http://images.ted.com/images/ted/tedindex/embed-posters/SheenaIyengar-2010G.embed_thumbnail.jpg&amp;vw=432&amp;vh=240&amp;ap=0&amp;ti=924&amp;introDuration=15330&amp;adDuration=4000&amp;postAdDuration=830&amp;adKeys=talk=sheena_iyengar_on_the_art_of_choosing;year=2010;theme=not_business_as_usual;theme=how_the_mind_works;theme=unconventional_explanations;theme=a_taste_of_tedglobal_2010;theme=new_on_ted_com;event=TEDGlobal+2010;&amp;preAdTag=tconf.ted/embed;tile=1;sz=512x288;" /><embed allowfullscreen="true" allowscriptaccess="always" bgcolor="#ffffff" flashvars="vu=http://video.ted.com/talks/dynamic/SheenaIyengar_2010G-medium.flv&amp;su=http://images.ted.com/images/ted/tedindex/embed-posters/SheenaIyengar-2010G.embed_thumbnail.jpg&amp;vw=432&amp;vh=240&amp;ap=0&amp;ti=924&amp;introDuration=15330&amp;adDuration=4000&amp;postAdDuration=830&amp;adKeys=talk=sheena_iyengar_on_the_art_of_choosing;year=2010;theme=not_business_as_usual;theme=how_the_mind_works;theme=unconventional_explanations;theme=a_taste_of_tedglobal_2010;theme=new_on_ted_com;event=TEDGlobal+2010;" height="326" pluginspace="http://www.macromedia.com/go/getflashplayer" src="http://video.ted.com/assets/player/swf/EmbedPlayer.swf" type="application/x-shockwave-flash" width="446" wmode="transparent"></embed></object></p><p style="text-align: center;"> &nbsp;</p><h2> <strong>TED Talk Relation to Addiction:</strong></h2><p> &nbsp;</p><h2> <strong>Drug Addiction: Choice vs. Disease</strong></h2><p> &nbsp;</p><p> The contentious debate between whether or not drug addiction is a choice or a disease has a long history. Research has shown that there are many reasons leading up to a person making the choice to take drugs or not take drugs. These reasons include <a href="../../blog/Reason+for+Addiction+2%3A+Genetics/">genetics</a>, family history, personal history, <a href="../../blog/Reason+for+Addiction+1%3A+Social+Context/">social context</a>, and how old the person is when he/she begins using drugs.</p><p> &nbsp;</p><p> Therefore, for example, a person&rsquo;s genetic make-up may make him/her more inclined to choose to drink or use drugs than another person with a different genetic code. Another example is, if one or several people in a person&rsquo;s family are heavy drinkers, alcoholics, abuse drugs or are drug addicts, then that person is more likely to choose to do drugs or drink than a person from a family where none of the members drink or do drugs.</p><p> &nbsp;</p><p style="text-align: center;"> <img alt="Drug Addiction Choice" src="/pix/choice2.jpg" style="width: 400px; height: 484px; border-width: 1px; border-style: solid; margin: 3px;" /></p><p> &nbsp;</p><p> When it comes to addiction, the element of choice is only one part of the equation. The second half of the equation comes in after the person has made the choice to drink or do drugs, at which point, the person&rsquo;s brain takes over, and based on the contributing factors listed above, it is more or less likely that the user will become addicted to drugs or alcohol. But that doesn&rsquo;t mean that the idea of drug addiction choice should not be more carefully considered or researched. As we see by the above TED talk, the idea of &ldquo;choice&rdquo; has many different meanings around the world and could contribute more insight on why a person chooses to do drugs or not.</p><p> &nbsp;</p><h2> <strong>Drug Addiction Choice &amp; Culture</strong></h2><p> &nbsp;</p><p> The complexity and analysis of addiction should not stop at knowing the distinction between drug addiction as a choice versus drug addiction as a disease. The study of choice as a concept has as many complexities, yin and yang qualities, and chicken and egg questions as the study of addiction. Sheena Iyengar&rsquo;s TED talk looks at choice in different cultures. She specifically analyzes the assumptions American culture uses to approach choice and shows that these assumptions about choice are not the same in other cultures.</p><p> &nbsp;</p><p> As specified in the TED talk, the concept of choice and how culture influences the choices a person makes should be a factor when considering the reasons why a person chooses to do drugs or drink. For example, knowing the culture an addict comes from and how that particular culture approaches choice could give insight into why he/she chose to do drugs.</p><p> &nbsp;</p><p> For example, in the TED talk Iyengar says Americans assume:</p><p style="margin-left: 40px;"> &nbsp;</p><p style="margin-left: 40px;"> &ldquo;If a choice affects you, then you should be the one who makes it. This is the only way to insure that your preferences and interests will be most fully accounted for.&rdquo;</p><p> &nbsp;</p><p> In American culture, the center of choice is the individual. Regardless of what other people want or recommend, Americans&rsquo; give all the power to the individual to make their own decision in order to be &ldquo;true to yourself.&rdquo;</p><p> &nbsp;</p><p> While American culture assumes the individual is empowered by making his/her own choice, this assumption can also have the opposite, negative effect of isolating the individual so that he/she is completely alone. This is seen when a person becomes an addict, the ultimate responsibility is (more or less) solely placed on him or her. Also, the addict&rsquo;s recovery is almost entirely dependent on his/her choice to do so and is considered (<a href="../../blog/10+Myths+about+Rehab+and+Addiction/#myths%20of%20rehab" target="_blank">myth or not</a>) something that he/she must &ldquo;choose&rdquo; to do. Not all cultures assume that the individual should be the center of empowerment and/or responsibility.</p><p> &nbsp;</p><p style="text-align: center;"> <img alt="Drug Addiction Choice" src="/pix/Choice.jpg" style="width: 335px; height: 358px; border-width: 1px; border-style: solid; margin: 3px;" /></p><p> &nbsp;</p><p> Iyengar did an experiment to see if choice was viewed in a different way by a different culture. Three groups of Anglo-American and Asian American children were told to do an anagram based on their own choosing, a teacher&rsquo;s choosing, or their mothers&rsquo; choosing. While the Anglo American children completed the most anagrams based on their own choices, the Asian American children were most successful when their mothers chose.</p><p> &nbsp;</p><p> From this experiment, Iyengar found that the Asian American children were most successful because they &ldquo;created harmony by deferring to the decision of someone they trusted in their community.&rdquo; Iyengar concludes that their preferences were shaped by the preferences of others.</p><p> &nbsp;</p><p> In many countries, such as <a href="http://fivebooks.com/interviews/shazia-omar-on-drug-addiction" target="_blank">Bangladesh</a>, <a href="http://www.hurriyetdailynews.com/n.php?n=japanese-former-addict-helps-turkish-patients-2010-10-13" target="_blank">Turkey</a>, even <a href="http://www.news.com.au/entertainment/television/heath-ledger-helped-ben-cousins-battle-drug-addiction/story-e6frfmyi-1225909661484" target="_blank">Australia</a> (to name a few), talking about drug addiction is taboo. Therefore, when considering the drug addiction choice, the influences that impact a person&rsquo;s choice are full of nuance that must be considered when talking about effective rehabilitation and treatment.</p><p> &nbsp;</p><h2> <strong>Drug Addiction Choice: Individual or Group Decision?</strong></h2><p> &nbsp;</p><p> From the TED talk, we have more questions about how choice impacts drug addiction beginning with the initial choice to first take drugs or drug to how choice impacts rehabilitation.</p><p> &nbsp;</p><p> <em><strong><span style="background-color: rgb(255, 160, 122);">Does a person take drugs because he/she wants to be a part of the family or apart from the family? In what way do the family&rsquo;s actions a cause of the addiction? According to this TED talk, it could be both. </span></strong></em></p>The Secrets to Success: TED Talk 5http://www.drugrehabtreatmenthelp.com/blog/The+Secrets+to+Success%3A+TED+Talk+5 <p> &nbsp;</p><p> <span style="font-size: 14px;"><strong>Speaker: </strong>Richard St. John</span></p><p> &nbsp;</p><p> <span style="font-size: 14px;"><strong>Topic: </strong></span></p><p> &nbsp;</p><p> Everyone wants to know the secret to success. If you are going through a rehab program or are in AA, the biggest question running through you mind is typically,<span _fck_bookmark="1" style="display: none;">&nbsp;</span></p><p> &nbsp;</p><p> <strong><em><span style="background-color: rgb(0, 255, 0);">&ldquo;When will I get better? Will I ever be able to live a successful, drug-free life?&rdquo;</span></em></strong></p><p> <span _fck_bookmark="1" style="display: none;">&nbsp;</span></p><p> &nbsp;</p><p> The answer is yes. When you work hard, you see results. This applies in business, in relationships and when you are battling <a href="http://drugrehabtreatmenthelp.com/drug-and-alcohol-abuse-information/what-is-addiction/#addiction">addiction</a>. Speaker Richard St. John interviewed over 500 successful people from all walks of life and here is what they said about what it takes to be successful.</p><p> &nbsp;</p><!--copy and paste--><p style="text-align: center;"> <object height="326" width="334"><param name="movie" value="http://video.ted.com/assets/player/swf/EmbedPlayer.swf" /><param name="allowFullScreen" value="true" /><param name="allowScriptAccess" value="always" /><param name="wmode" value="transparent" /><param name="bgColor" value="#ffffff" /> <param name="flashvars" value="vu=http://video.ted.com/talks/dynamic/RichardSt.John_2005-medium.flv&amp;su=http://images.ted.com/images/ted/tedindex/embed-posters/RichardSt.John-2005.embed_thumbnail.jpg&amp;vw=320&amp;vh=240&amp;ap=0&amp;ti=70&amp;introDuration=15330&amp;adDuration=4000&amp;postAdDuration=830&amp;adKeys=talk=richard_st_john_s_8_secrets_of_success;year=2005;theme=how_we_learn;theme=presentation_innovation;theme=not_business_as_usual;event=TED2005;&amp;preAdTag=tconf.ted/embed;tile=1;sz=512x288;" /><embed allowfullscreen="true" allowscriptaccess="always" bgcolor="#ffffff" flashvars="vu=http://video.ted.com/talks/dynamic/RichardSt.John_2005-medium.flv&amp;su=http://images.ted.com/images/ted/tedindex/embed-posters/RichardSt.John-2005.embed_thumbnail.jpg&amp;vw=320&amp;vh=240&amp;ap=0&amp;ti=70&amp;introDuration=15330&amp;adDuration=4000&amp;postAdDuration=830&amp;adKeys=talk=richard_st_john_s_8_secrets_of_success;year=2005;theme=how_we_learn;theme=presentation_innovation;theme=not_business_as_usual;event=TED2005;" height="326" pluginspace="http://www.macromedia.com/go/getflashplayer" src="http://video.ted.com/assets/player/swf/EmbedPlayer.swf" type="application/x-shockwave-flash" width="334" wmode="transparent"></embed></object></p><p style="text-align: center;"> &nbsp;</p><h2> <strong>Relation to addiction:</strong></h2><p> &nbsp;</p><p> Of course these 8 elements of success are easier said than done. Especially because within each of these 8 characteristics, there are a number of things that you have to do in order to stay in line with them. For example, how much focus does it take to stay focused? How do you cultivate ideas? What happens when you have been pushed and have failed so much that you don&rsquo;t want to persist?</p><p> &nbsp;</p><p style="text-align: center;"> <img alt="Secrets to Success" src="/pix/success.jpg" style="width: 397px; height: 299px; border-width: 1px; border-style: solid; margin: 2px;" /></p><p> &nbsp;</p><p> All of these are questions that we face everyday, and that, when recovering from drug or alcohol addiction, can be very hard. However, these are important goals, benchmarks, and strategies to help us keep our eyes on the prize. It sets out a plan for each one of our successes, while at the same time, giving us the room to find passion and who we want to serve in our own way!</p>Celebrity Drug News: Lohan Gets Rehab Until Next Yearhttp://www.drugrehabtreatmenthelp.com/blog/Celebrity+Drug+News%3A+Lohan+Gets+Rehab+Until+Next+Year <p> &nbsp;</p><p> <span style="color: rgb(255, 0, 0);">Celebrity Drug News:</span> Lindsay Lohan was back in court today, October 22, to receive a new sentence for failing drug testing when on probation for a DUI.</p><p> &nbsp;</p><p style="text-align: center;"> <img alt="Lindsay Lohan" src="/pix/linds1.jpg" style="width: 272px; height: 387px; border-width: 2px; border-style: solid; margin: 3px;" /></p><p> &nbsp;</p><p> Having been at Betty Ford Rehabilitation Center for the last month, rather than giving Lohan jail time the judge wants her in rehab past the New Year.</p><p> &nbsp;</p><p style="text-align: center;"> <img alt="Lindsay Lohan" src="/pix/linds3.jpg" style="width: 369px; height: 356px; border-width: 2px; border-style: solid; margin: 3px;" /></p><p> &nbsp;</p><p> While the D.A. recommended Lohan get 180 days in county jail, the judge said that if Lohan does not test positive for drugs or alcohol before her next court appearance, he will give her a sentence of unsupervised probation.</p><p> &nbsp;</p><p style="text-align: center;"> <img alt="Lindsay Lohan" src="/pix/linds4.jpg" style="width: 300px; height: 287px; border-width: 2px; border-style: solid; margin: 3px;" /></p><p> &nbsp;</p><p> Both of Lohan&rsquo;s parents, Michael and Dina Lohan were present in the courtroom.</p><p> &nbsp;</p><p style="text-align: center;"> <img alt="Lindsay Lohan" src="/pix/linds5.jpg" style="width: 297px; height: 393px; margin: 3px;" /></p><p> &nbsp;</p><p> The judge made Lohan acknowledge that she was a <a href="http://drugrehabtreatmenthelp.com/drug-and-alcohol-abuse-information/what-is-addiction/#drug%20addict">drug addict</a>. Lohan also motioned to her mother that she would like the <a href="http://drugrehabtreatmenthelp.com/blog/What+is+a+SCRAM+bracelet%3F+/#SCRAM">SCRAM</a> bracelet taken off. The <a href="http://www.tmz.com/2010/10/22/lindsay-lohan-court-hearing-failed-drug-tests-probation-violation-betty-ford-clinic/#TMZ">TMZ</a> report said this will happen soon.</p>Healing through Honesty and Creativity: TED Talk 4http://www.drugrehabtreatmenthelp.com/blog/Healing+through+Honesty+and+Creativity%3A+TED+Talk+4 <p> &nbsp;</p><p> <span style="font-size: 14px;"><strong>Prize Winner: </strong>JR</span></p><p> &nbsp;</p><p> <span style="font-size: 14px;"><strong>Topic:</strong></span></p><p> &nbsp;</p><p> The photography and, recently, film making, of French artist JR is beyond inspiring.</p><p> &nbsp;</p><p style="text-align: center;"> <img alt="JR photography" src="/pix/JR1.jpg" style="width: 500px; height: 367px; border-width: 1px; border-style: solid; margin: 3px;" /></p><p> &nbsp;</p><p> When we saw via <a href="http://www.brainpickings.org/index.php/2010/10/20/jr-ted-prize-2011/" target="_blank">Brain Pickings</a> that TED has awarded him the <a href="http://www.tedprize.org/congratulations-to-the-2011-ted-prize-winner-jr/" target="_blank">2011 TED prize</a>, the $100,000 reward given by TED to an &ldquo;exceptional individual&rdquo; that has &ldquo;<a href="http://www.tedprize.org/" target="_blank">One Wish to Change the World.</a>&rdquo;</p><p> &nbsp;</p><p style="text-align: center;"> <img alt="JR photography" src="/pix/JR3.jpg" style="width: 500px; height: 325px; border-width: 1px; border-style: solid; margin: 3px;" /></p><p style="text-align: center;"> &nbsp;</p><p> JR&rsquo;s recent film, <a href="mailto:http://www.womenareheroes.be/">Women Are Heroes</a>, is based on his exhibitions in Africa.</p><p> &nbsp;</p><p style="text-align: center;"> <object height="320" width="400"><param name="allowfullscreen" value="true" /><param name="allowscriptaccess" value="always" /><param name="movie" value="http://vimeo.com/moogaloop.swf?clip_id=15686678&amp;server=vimeo.com&amp;show_title=1&amp;show_byline=1&amp;show_portrait=1&amp;color=&amp;fullscreen=1&amp;autoplay=0&amp;loop=0" /><embed allowfullscreen="true" allowscriptaccess="always" height="320" src="http://vimeo.com/moogaloop.swf?clip_id=15686678&amp;server=vimeo.com&amp;show_title=1&amp;show_byline=1&amp;show_portrait=1&amp;color=&amp;fullscreen=1&amp;autoplay=0&amp;loop=0" type="application/x-shockwave-flash" width="400"></embed></object></p><p style="text-align: center;"> <a href="http://vimeo.com/15686678">TRAILER &quot; WOMEN ARE HEROES&quot;</a> from <a href="http://vimeo.com/user3264388">SOCIAL ANIMALS</a> on <a href="http://vimeo.com">Vimeo</a>.</p><p> &nbsp;</p><p> <span style="font-size: 14px;">Check out his <span style="color: rgb(255, 0, 0);"><strong>TED</strong></span> interview <a href="http://blog.ted.com/2010/10/20/meet-jr/" target="_blank">here</a>.</span></p><p> &nbsp;</p><p> &nbsp;</p><h2> <strong>Relation to addiction:</strong></h2><p> &nbsp;</p><p> As clich&eacute; as it may sound, we felt JR&rsquo;s work relates to drug addiction and rehabilitation based on the healing nature of creativity and the power art has to expose truth and change lives.</p><p> &nbsp;</p><p> JR&rsquo;s photographs are honest, both in how their inceptions and executions. This is in part because the subjects of his work are willing to be vulnerable, letting their silly expressions be captured on film and willing to have them immortalized and pasted all over a city. This comes from the building of trust between all people involved &ndash; artist, subject, and viewers &ndash; to create a space of acknowledgement, acceptance, and reconciliation.</p><p> &nbsp;</p><p style="text-align: center;"> <img alt="JR photography" src="/pix/JR4.jpg" style="width: 500px; height: 375px; border-width: 1px; border-style: solid; margin: 3px;" /></p><p> &nbsp;</p><p> Having a space where one can be honest and not fearful of the truth is what is needed to heal. Being honest with one&rsquo;s self is one of the first steps an addict goes through in rehabilitation and treatment. Even if an addict doesn&rsquo;t start rehab by recognizing that she has a problem, to progress and correct issues, honesty and openness to the changes truth can bring about is the key.</p><p> &nbsp;</p><p> Facing the reality of what has happened in the past, the present results of those actions, and how to bring about change for the future, an addict learns what she is up against. More importantly, she can create solutions based on the realistic inventory of her life. No matter how gruesome or horrific she thinks her past is, truth can help in mending a life that was torn a part by lies.</p><p> &nbsp;</p><p> JR is one example of people who can help a person in her healing and recovery process by creating a space of honesty. This, we believe, is full of important take aways that can help an addict and loved ones create their own spaces to find their own healing through truth and creativity.</p>What Marijuana and Cocaine Have in Commonhttp://www.drugrehabtreatmenthelp.com/blog/What+Marijuana+and+Cocaine+Have+in+Common <p> &nbsp;</p><p> <em>Legalization Nation</em>, writer <a href="http://twitter.com/davidrdowns" target="_blank">David Downs</a>&rsquo; East Bay Express column about the marijuana industry, recently <a href="http://www.eastbayexpress.com/LegalizationNation/archives/2010/10/20/dr-drew-federal-drug-czar-denounces-dope-in-la-today" target="_blank">interviewed Dr. Julie Holland</a>, a psychiatrist specializing in drugs, the brain, and author of a new book. <em><a href="http://www.amazon.com/Pot-Book-Complete-Guide-Cannabis/dp/1594773688/ref=sr_1_1?ie=UTF8&amp;qid=1287689525&amp;sr=8-1" target="_blank">The Pot Book</a></em> is a &ldquo;hefty 551-page-primer on the risks and rewards of the plant, written in conjunction with 52 doctors, academics, writers, and thinkers including <strong>Michael Pollan, Neal Pollack, </strong>and <strong>Douglas Rushkoff.&rdquo;</strong></p><p> &nbsp;</p><p> Among the many interesting, potentially rarefied, facts Holland gives about cannabis is that chemicals in marijuana (some 400 of them), for example CBD and THC, regulate the other&rsquo;s effects. So:</p><p> &nbsp;</p><p style="margin-left: 40px;"> <strong><span style="background-color: rgb(0, 255, 255);">&ldquo;The </span><span style="background-color: rgb(0, 255, 255);">CBD</span><span style="background-color: rgb(0, 255, 255);"> modulates the THC, that&#39;s why these strains that are bred for high-THC/</span><span style="background-color: rgb(0, 255, 255);">low-CBD</span><span style="background-color: rgb(0, 255, 255);"> levels and getting people into trouble. The </span><span style="background-color: rgb(0, 255, 255);">CBD</span><span style="background-color: rgb(0, 255, 255);"> helps to modulate and ameliorate THC&#39;s effects.&rdquo;</span></strong></p><p> &nbsp;</p><p> The article notes, that research shows, due to this regulation, high-CBD levels can guard against the memory loss potentially caused by THC.</p><p> &nbsp;</p><p style="text-align: center;"> <img alt="The Pot Book, cannibus" src="/pix/book.jpg" style="width: 300px; height: 440px; border-width: 1px; border-style: solid; margin: 3px;" /></p><p style="text-align: center;"> Photo courtesy of <a href="http://www.amazon.com/Pot-Book-Complete-Guide-Cannabis/dp/1594773688/ref=sr_1_1?ie=UTF8&amp;qid=1287692792&amp;sr=8-1#reader_1594773688" target="_blank">Amazon.com</a></p><h2> &nbsp;</h2><h2> <strong>Different Chemicals Affect Different Parts of the Brain</strong></h2><p> &nbsp;</p><p> A new study by <a href="http://psychcentral.com/news/2010/10/20/researchers-discover-how-cocaine-becomes-addictive/19780.html" target="_blank">Mount Sinai School of Medicine</a> finds that two main neurons, D1 and D2, in the nucleus accumbens region of the brain, exert opposing effects on the amount of dopamine secreted when a person snorts cocaine.</p><p> &nbsp;</p><p style="text-align: center;"> <img alt="Dopamine" src="/pix/dopamine.jpg" style="width: 400px; height: 270px; border-width: 1px; border-style: solid; margin: 3px;" /></p><p style="text-align: center;"> Photo courtesy of the NIDA</p><p style="text-align: center;"> &nbsp;</p><p> When the drug is taken, the D1 receptor increases reward. When the D2 neurons are activated (presumably at the same time), the reward decreases.</p><p> &nbsp;</p><p> The researchers suggest that, over time, D2 loses its ability to reduce the effect of the cocaine, while D1 continues to increase reward, creating an imbalance in the brain. This may contribute to why a person becomes addicted to cocaine.</p><p> &nbsp;</p><p> After reading these two studies, we wonder what, when, and how the different properties of chemicals in one drug connect with the different neurons. Specifically, whether or not these neurons attract the different chemicals in the drug that increase or decrease reaction. Therefore, if D1 and D2 were activated by marijuana, would the CBD in marijuana attach to the D2 receptor to regulate TCH&rsquo;s connection with the D1 receptor?</p><p> &nbsp;</p><p> We are not neuroscientists. However, in our articles and analysis of the drug, addiction and rehab field, we are always looking for connections. These are questions that we look forward to tracking as new drug research is done and scientific connections are made!</p><p> &nbsp;</p><p> <span style="font-size: 14px;"><strong><em>If you know of a study that has tackled the questions posed above, please let us know what they are below!</em></strong></span></p>How to Help an Addict: TED TALK 3http://www.drugrehabtreatmenthelp.com/blog/How+to+Help+an+Addict%3A+TED+TALK+3 <p> &nbsp;</p><p> <span style="font-size: 14px;"><strong>Speaker:</strong> Itay Talgam</span></p><p> &nbsp;</p><p> <span style="font-size: 14px;"><strong>Topic:</strong></span></p><p> &nbsp;</p><p> <a href="http://www.ted.com/speakers/itay_talgam.html" target="_blank">Itay Talgam&rsquo;s</a> TED bio says the conductor and organization behavior analyst &ldquo;[Imagines] music as a model for all spheres of human creativity, from the classroom to the boardroom.&rdquo;</p><p> &nbsp;</p><p> Talgam&rsquo;s TED talk looks at different conductors, their leadership styles in conducting symphonies, and how each conductor&rsquo;s approach impacts the cohesiveness and capabilities of the musicians.</p><p> &nbsp;</p><p style="text-align: center;"><!--copy and paste--> <object height="326" width="446"><param name="movie" value="http://video.ted.com/assets/player/swf/EmbedPlayer.swf" /><param name="allowFullScreen" value="true" /><param name="allowScriptAccess" value="always" /><param name="wmode" value="transparent" /><param name="bgColor" value="#ffffff" /> <param name="flashvars" value="vu=http://video.ted.com/talks/dynamic/ItayTalgam_2009G-medium.flv&amp;su=http://images.ted.com/images/ted/tedindex/embed-posters/ItayTalgam-2009G.embed_thumbnail.jpg&amp;vw=432&amp;vh=240&amp;ap=0&amp;ti=663&amp;introDuration=15330&amp;adDuration=4000&amp;postAdDuration=830&amp;adKeys=talk=itay_talgam_lead_like_the_great_conductors;year=2009;theme=unconventional_explanations;theme=presentation_innovation;theme=speaking_at_tedglobal2009;theme=not_business_as_usual;theme=art_unusual;theme=the_creative_spark;event=TEDGlobal+2009;&amp;preAdTag=tconf.ted/embed;tile=1;sz=512x288;" /><embed allowfullscreen="true" allowscriptaccess="always" bgcolor="#ffffff" flashvars="vu=http://video.ted.com/talks/dynamic/ItayTalgam_2009G-medium.flv&amp;su=http://images.ted.com/images/ted/tedindex/embed-posters/ItayTalgam-2009G.embed_thumbnail.jpg&amp;vw=432&amp;vh=240&amp;ap=0&amp;ti=663&amp;introDuration=15330&amp;adDuration=4000&amp;postAdDuration=830&amp;adKeys=talk=itay_talgam_lead_like_the_great_conductors;year=2009;theme=unconventional_explanations;theme=presentation_innovation;theme=speaking_at_tedglobal2009;theme=not_business_as_usual;theme=art_unusual;theme=the_creative_spark;event=TEDGlobal+2009;" height="326" pluginspace="http://www.macromedia.com/go/getflashplayer" src="http://video.ted.com/assets/player/swf/EmbedPlayer.swf" type="application/x-shockwave-flash" width="446" wmode="transparent"></embed></object></p><p> &nbsp;</p><h2> <strong>Relation to Addiction:</strong></h2><p> &nbsp;</p><p> Talgam&rsquo;s talk is significant on multiple levels and relates to many facets of our lives. But we thought it was particularly useful in considering the different <a href="../../types-of-treatment/#drug%20addiction%20treatment" target="_blank">treatments for drug addiction</a>, specifically how people recover from addiction based on different types of treatment and how it is implemented.</p><p> &nbsp;</p><p style="text-align: center;"> <img alt="Itay Talgam TED talk" src="/pix/itay.jpg" style="width: 254px; height: 191px; border-width: 1px; border-style: solid; margin: 2px;" /></p><p style="text-align: center;"> &nbsp;</p><p> Whether it is <a href="../../types-of-treatment/cognitive-behavioral-therapy/#cognitive%20behavioral%20therapy">cognitive behavioral therapy</a>, <a href="../../types-of-treatment/dual-diagnosis/#dual%20diagnosis">dual diagnosis</a>, or <a href="../../types-of-treatment/christian-rehab-holistic-treatment/#Christian%20rehab">Christian and holistic rehabilitation</a>, the unique traits of each treatment impact each individual in a particular way. This is because they have different levels of control, interaction, giving responsibility, structure, etc.</p><p> &nbsp;</p><p> <span style="font-size: 14px;"><strong>Control </strong></span></p><p> &nbsp;</p><p> For example, conductor <a href="http://www.riccardomuti.com/homepage.aspx">Riccardo Muti</a> style of conducting is very &ldquo;commanding&rdquo; (i.e. controlling). He does not give any room for the players to express themselves or interpret the music for themselves. In fact, 700 musicians signed a letter that asked Muti to resign because of his style.</p><p> &nbsp;</p><p style="text-align: center;"> <a href="http://www.riccardomuti.com/Immagini_Visualizza.aspx"><img alt="Muti TED Talk" src="/pix/muti.jpg" style="width: 400px; height: 299px; border-width: 1px; border-style: solid; margin: 2px;" /></a></p><p style="text-align: center;"> &nbsp;</p><p> In addiction treatment, control over an addict&rsquo;s recovery is dictated by a number of people, processes and plans: the treatment center, counselors, other addicts, family, friends, psychological and clinical theories, the addict him/herself, etc. Talgam says, &ldquo;Does [Muti&rsquo;s control] work? Yes, it works&hellip; to a certain point.&rdquo;</p><p> &nbsp;</p><p> <strong><span style="background-color: rgb(175, 238, 238);">Control from all sides, who has it, who doesn&rsquo;t, and how that impacts the addict, is a huge element treatment that should be considered in recovery.</span></strong></p><p> &nbsp;</p><p style="text-align: center;"> <strong><img alt="TED talk" src="/pix/strauss.jpg" style="width: 400px; height: 220px; border-width: 1px; border-style: solid; margin: 2px;" /></strong></p><p style="text-align: center;"> <span style="font-size: 12px;">Screen shot from TED video</span></p><p style="text-align: center;"> &nbsp;</p><p> <span style="font-size: 14px;"><strong>Play by the book</strong></span></p><p> &nbsp;</p><p> Strauss&rsquo;s way of conducting was to let the music happen by itself. However, he expected the musicians to play &ldquo;by the book&rdquo;.</p><p> &nbsp;</p><p> Drug addiction and alcoholism recovery is hardly the same every time for every person. Structure is often one of the most fundamental elements in treatment to take drug abusers out of their chaotic patterns. However, the expectation that once they follow x, y, and z step, they will get better is often constricting and can prevent to real change. Allowing room for an addict&rsquo;s own interpretation of treatment and recovery is often easy said than done.</p><p> &nbsp;</p><p> <span style="font-size: 14px;"><strong>It&rsquo;s all in the face</strong></span></p><p> &nbsp;</p><p> Talgam goes through several other conductors, arriving at Leonard Bernstein who does nothing to physically conduct the orchestra, but responds to the ensemble and the music with his facial expressions. This creates gives full control in the musicians&rsquo; hands, while at the same time guides them with his emotion and responses to the beauty of their work.</p><p> &nbsp;</p><p> <strong><span style="background-color: rgb(175, 238, 238);">If you are a counselor, work in a treatment center or have gone through a program with an addict, when he/she makes progress and begins making the beneficial choices for his/her life, do you sit back and smile and revel in their accomplishments?</span></strong></p><p> &nbsp;</p><p> &nbsp;</p><p style="text-align: center;"> <object height="385" width="480"><param name="movie" value="http://www.youtube.com/v/WlURvraEmeY?fs=1&amp;hl=en_US" /><param name="allowFullScreen" value="true" /><param name="allowscriptaccess" value="always" /><embed allowfullscreen="true" allowscriptaccess="always" height="385" src="http://www.youtube.com/v/WlURvraEmeY?fs=1&amp;hl=en_US" type="application/x-shockwave-flash" width="480"></embed></object></p><p style="text-align: center;"> &nbsp;</p><p> To be clear, drug and alcohol rehabilitation and treatment absolutely need a certain amount of control, structure, and purpose in treatment plans and schedules for those recovering from substance abuse. However, within the structure, it is important to consider where the addict becomes a part of his own treatment so that partnerships are created and harmony is heard.</p>TED TALK 2: Is Our Treatment of Addicts and Substance Abusers Fair?http://www.drugrehabtreatmenthelp.com/blog/TED+TALK+2%3A+Is+Our+Treatment+of+Addicts+and+Substance+Abusers+Fair%3F <p> &nbsp;</p><p> <span style="font-size: 14px;"><strong>Speaker:</strong> Emily Levine</span></p><p> &nbsp;</p><p> <span style="font-size: 14px;"><strong>Topic:</strong></span></p><p> &nbsp;</p><p> TED talk by comedian and philosopher, Emily Levine, focuses on the differences between subject and object and what it takes to change the perceptions associated with the Western hierarchical way of thinking and approach to change.</p><p> &nbsp;</p><p style="text-align: center;"><!--copy and paste--> <object height="326" width="446"><param name="movie" value="http://video.ted.com/assets/player/swf/EmbedPlayer.swf" /><param name="allowFullScreen" value="true" /><param name="allowScriptAccess" value="always" /><param name="wmode" value="transparent" /><param name="bgColor" value="#ffffff" /> <param name="flashvars" value="vu=http://video.ted.com/talks/dynamic/EmilyLevine_2002-medium.flv&amp;su=http://images.ted.com/images/ted/tedindex/embed-posters/EmilyLevine-2002.embed_thumbnail.jpg&amp;vw=432&amp;vh=240&amp;ap=0&amp;ti=510&amp;introDuration=15330&amp;adDuration=4000&amp;postAdDuration=830&amp;adKeys=talk=emily_levine_s_theory_of_everything;year=2002;theme=the_creative_spark;theme=whipsmart_comedy;event=TED2002;&amp;preAdTag=tconf.ted/embed;tile=1;sz=512x288;" /><embed allowfullscreen="true" allowscriptaccess="always" bgcolor="#ffffff" flashvars="vu=http://video.ted.com/talks/dynamic/EmilyLevine_2002-medium.flv&amp;su=http://images.ted.com/images/ted/tedindex/embed-posters/EmilyLevine-2002.embed_thumbnail.jpg&amp;vw=432&amp;vh=240&amp;ap=0&amp;ti=510&amp;introDuration=15330&amp;adDuration=4000&amp;postAdDuration=830&amp;adKeys=talk=emily_levine_s_theory_of_everything;year=2002;theme=the_creative_spark;theme=whipsmart_comedy;event=TED2002;" height="326" pluginspace="http://www.macromedia.com/go/getflashplayer" src="http://video.ted.com/assets/player/swf/EmbedPlayer.swf" type="application/x-shockwave-flash" width="446" wmode="transparent"></embed></object></p><p style="text-align: center;"> &nbsp;</p><p> Her first job as a comedian was in <em><a href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Theatre_games" target="_blank">theater game</a></em> improvisation. The only rule of the games was:</p><p> &nbsp;</p><p align="center"> <span style="font-size: 14px;"><strong><span style="background-color: rgb(255, 255, 0);">&ldquo;You could never deny another person&rsquo;s realty. You could only build on it.&rdquo;</span></strong></span></p><p align="center"> &nbsp;</p><p style="text-align: center;"> <span style="font-size: 14px;"><strong><img alt="Emily Levine TED Talk" src="/pix/TED4.jpg" style="width: 400px; height: 228px; border-width: 2px; border-style: solid; margin: 2px;" /></strong></span></p><p> &nbsp;</p><p> Levine uses this as a jumping off point to talk about the notion of contradiction, how logic is constructed in Western world, more-or-less top-down approach to society, the separation of mind and body, which impact how we separate people between &ldquo;us&rdquo; vs. &ldquo;them&rdquo; or &ldquo;it,&rdquo; and, lastly, to how to make change (based on the notion of a &ldquo;<a href="http://www.amazon.com/Trickster-Makes-This-World-Mischief/dp/0374532559/ref=sr_1_1?ie=UTF8&amp;qid=1287443720&amp;sr=8-1">trickster</a>&rdquo;) within these (or opposed to these) structures.</p><p> &nbsp;</p><p style="text-align: center;"> <a href="http://www.amazon.com/Trickster-Makes-This-World-Mischief/dp/0374532559/ref=sr_1_1?ie=UTF8&amp;qid=1287515760&amp;sr=8-1" target="_blank"><img alt="Emily Levine TED talk" src="/pix/Trickster.jpg" style="width: 300px; height: 455px; margin: 2px;" /></a></p><p> &nbsp;</p><p> Levine notes five ways a person can make change:</p><p style="margin-left: 40px;"> &nbsp;</p><p style="margin-left: 40px;"> 1. Cross boundaries.</p><p style="margin-left: 40px;"> 2. Have non-oppositional strategies (allow more than one reality to coexist).</p><p style="margin-left: 40px;"> 3. Be prepared to be unprepared (hold onto ideas lightly).</p><p style="margin-left: 40px;"> 4. Walk a fine line or have poise.</p><p style="margin-left: 40px;"> 5. He doesn&rsquo;t have a home (change is never finished or never has an end result).</p><p> &nbsp;</p><p> &nbsp;</p><h2> <strong>Relation to Addiction:</strong></h2><p> &nbsp;</p><p> We took on Levine&rsquo;s challenge to connect the unconnected.</p><p> &nbsp;</p><p> On the surface, this TED talk may seem unrelated to drugs, addiction, and rehabilitation. However, we grabbed onto Levine&rsquo;s concepts to <em><span style="background-color: rgb(255, 255, 255);">always be open to new possibilities in situations </span></em>and the notion of <em><span style="background-color: rgb(255, 255, 255);">objectivity and how objectifying a person, place or thing can immediately stop a conversation and end all creativity and new ideas.</span></em></p><p> &nbsp;</p><p> Our question is: Applying this approach to drug addiction, rehabilitation, and people who struggle with drug abuse &ndash;<span _fck_bookmark="1" style="display: none;">&nbsp;</span></p><p style="margin-left: 40px;"> &nbsp;</p><p style="margin-left: 40px;"> <strong><em><span style="background-color: rgb(255, 255, 0);">&nbsp;- How are addicts treated and talked about?</span></em></strong></p><p style="margin-left: 80px;"> &nbsp;</p><p style="margin-left: 40px;"> <strong><em><span style="background-color: rgb(255, 255, 0);">&nbsp;- When talking about the impact of addiction on lives, are drug addicts&rsquo; opinions and ideas heard? </span></em></strong></p><p> <span _fck_bookmark="1" style="display: none;">&nbsp;</span></p><p> &nbsp;</p><p> <a href="http://www.allaboutaddiction.com/addiction/addiction-stigma-making-addiction-recovery-harder" target="_blank">Allaboutaddiction.com</a> had a recent article about addiction stigma. It opened up the dialogue about how the negative stereotypes and associations of drug addiction prevent people struggling with addiction from getting help.</p><p> &nbsp;</p><p> According to the article, a <a href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/17092656" target="_blank">University of Nevada</a> study that found an addict&rsquo;s perceived negativity and stigma towards his/her addiction affects his/her success in overcoming the addiction. The results are extremely sad:</p><p> &nbsp;</p><ul style="margin-left: 40px;"> <li> 60% of the drug users in the study felt that people treated them differently after finding out about their drug use.</li> <li> 46% felt people were afraid of them once they found out they were drug abusers.</li> <li> 45% felt their family gave up on them</li> <li> 48% felt rejected by friends</li> <li> 14% felt they received lower wages because of their drug abuse</li></ul><p> &nbsp;</p><p> All About Addiction hits the nail on the head:</p><p> &nbsp;</p><p style="margin-left: 40px;"> <span style="font-size: 14px;">&ldquo;The current addiction treatment system has produced a seeming paradox [for the addict] &ndash; By owning up to their addictions, addicts reduce the invisibility of the problem, helping others claim back their lives from the secrecy of substance abuse and behavioral addictions. Unfortunately, that process takes far longer than the stigma the confessing addict has to immediately confront.&rdquo;</span></p><p> &nbsp;</p><p> How are the ways addicts portrayed, talked about or &ldquo;dealt with&rdquo; contributing to the stigma? In what light or type of language does the media, educators about drug addiction, even the addiction treatment community, use to talk about addicts? Is there an <a href="http://www.drugrehabtreatmenthelp.com/blog/TED+TALK+1%3A+Love+Addiction+and+Drug+Addiction%2C+One+in+the+Same%3F/">&ldquo;us&rdquo;</a> vs. &ldquo;them&rdquo; tone? Does this contributes to the acceptance of addicts in society?</p><p> &nbsp;</p><p style="text-align: center;"> <object height="385" width="640"><param name="movie" value="http://www.youtube.com/v/jeB81q4m9s0?fs=1&amp;hl=en_US" /><param name="allowFullScreen" value="true" /><param name="allowscriptaccess" value="always" /><embed allowfullscreen="true" allowscriptaccess="always" height="385" src="http://www.youtube.com/v/jeB81q4m9s0?fs=1&amp;hl=en_US" type="application/x-shockwave-flash" width="640"></embed></object></p><p style="text-align: center;"> <em>While this short video by Dr. </em><em>Daniel Fisher is based on peer-run respites for psychological issues, his approach to people &rdquo;recovering your humanity&rdquo;.</em></p><p> &nbsp;</p><p> As Levine says, it is important to never deny another person&rsquo;s realty, but build on it, so that all voices are not only heard and respected, but also incorporated in the process of change and improvement. Not only should the personal experiences of addict be de-stigmatized, their input should be used to develop new types of treatment, rehabilitation, and recovery.</p><p> &nbsp;</p><p> These are the questions about drug addiction that came up when we watched this hilarious and touching TED talk.</p><p> &nbsp;</p><p> <span style="font-size: 14px;"><strong><em>What do you think? How are drug abusers talked about? Are their opinions and experiences embraced and used to create change? Tell us in the comment section below.</em></strong></span></p>Celebrity Drug News: TI Sentenced to 11 Months in Jailhttp://www.drugrehabtreatmenthelp.com/blog/Celebrity+Drug+News%3A+TI+Sentenced+to+11+Months+in+Jail <p> &nbsp;</p><p> &nbsp;<span style="color: rgb(255, 0, 0);">Celebrity Drug News:</span> T.I. has been sentenced to 11 months in jail for his <a href="http://drugrehabtreatmenthelp.com/blog/What+Does+a+Probation+Violation+Mean+for+TI%3F/">parole violation</a> for having drugs in his car when him and his wife were pulled by police in September.</p><p> &nbsp;</p><p> While T.I. told the judge that he struggles with <a href="http://drugrehabtreatmenthelp.com/drug-and-alcohol-abuse-information/what-is-addiction/">drug abuse</a> and wanted to get help by going to rehabilitation, the judge did not grant him time in rehabilitation.</p><p> &nbsp;</p><p> T.I. has dropped a new single featuring Chris Brown. Its lyrics point to the state T.I. is in and how he feels about the situation.</p><p> &nbsp;</p><p> &nbsp;</p><p style="text-align: center;"> <object height="385" width="480"><param name="movie" value="http://www.youtube.com/v/cTB2IGvDX0M?fs=1&amp;hl=en_US" /><param name="allowFullScreen" value="true" /><param name="allowscriptaccess" value="always" /><embed allowfullscreen="true" allowscriptaccess="always" height="385" src="http://www.youtube.com/v/cTB2IGvDX0M?fs=1&amp;hl=en_US" type="application/x-shockwave-flash" width="480"></embed></object></p>TED TALK 1: Love Addiction and Drug Addiction, One in the Same?http://www.drugrehabtreatmenthelp.com/blog/TED+TALK+1%3A+Love+Addiction+and+Drug+Addiction%2C+One+in+the+Same%3F <p> &nbsp;</p><p> &nbsp;</p><p> <span style="font-size: 14px;"><strong>Speaker:</strong> Helen Fisher</span></p><p> &nbsp;</p><p> <span style="font-size: 14px;"><strong>Topic:</strong>&nbsp; Fisher did brain studies on people in different stages of love (new love, recently dumped, couples that had been in love for 20 years) to learn about why people physically need romantic love.</span></p><p> &nbsp;</p><p><!--copy and paste--></p><p style="text-align: center;"> <object height="326" width="446"><param name="movie" value="http://video.ted.com/assets/player/swf/EmbedPlayer.swf" /><param name="allowFullScreen" value="true" /><param name="allowScriptAccess" value="always" /><param name="wmode" value="transparent" /><param name="bgColor" value="#ffffff" /> <param name="flashvars" value="vu=http://video.ted.com/talks/dynamic/HelenFisher_2008-medium.flv&amp;su=http://images.ted.com/images/ted/tedindex/embed-posters/HelenFisher-2008.embed_thumbnail.jpg&amp;vw=432&amp;vh=240&amp;ap=0&amp;ti=307&amp;introDuration=15330&amp;adDuration=4000&amp;postAdDuration=830&amp;adKeys=talk=helen_fisher_studies_the_brain_in_love;year=2008;theme=how_the_mind_works;event=TED2008;&amp;preAdTag=tconf.ted/embed;tile=1;sz=512x288;" /><embed allowfullscreen="true" allowscriptaccess="always" bgcolor="#ffffff" flashvars="vu=http://video.ted.com/talks/dynamic/HelenFisher_2008-medium.flv&amp;su=http://images.ted.com/images/ted/tedindex/embed-posters/HelenFisher-2008.embed_thumbnail.jpg&amp;vw=432&amp;vh=240&amp;ap=0&amp;ti=307&amp;introDuration=15330&amp;adDuration=4000&amp;postAdDuration=830&amp;adKeys=talk=helen_fisher_studies_the_brain_in_love;year=2008;theme=how_the_mind_works;event=TED2008;" height="326" pluginspace="http://www.macromedia.com/go/getflashplayer" src="http://video.ted.com/assets/player/swf/EmbedPlayer.swf" type="application/x-shockwave-flash" width="446" wmode="transparent"></embed></object></p><p> &nbsp;</p><p> <strong>Relation to Addiction:</strong></p><p> &nbsp;</p><p> Fisher says that romantic love is an addiction &ndash;</p><p> &nbsp;</p><p style="margin-left: 40px;"> <span style="font-size: 14px;">&ldquo;You focus on the person. You obsessively thinking about them. You crave them. You&rsquo;re willing to take enormous risks to win this person. And it&rsquo;s got the three main characteristics of addiction: tolerance&hellip; withdrawal&hellip; and relapse.&rdquo;</span></p><p> &nbsp;</p><p> It has been clinically proven that <a href="../../blog/Love+is+a+Drug+-+Literally/">love is a drug</a> that interacts with the brain in similar ways to chemical substances. It has recently been found that when in love, a person is more able to <a href="http://healthland.time.com/2010/10/14/forget-pain-pills-fall-in-love-instead/">withstand pain</a> than if they are not.</p><p> &nbsp;</p><p style="text-align: center;"> <img alt="TED Talks" src="/pix/TED1.jpg" style="width: 400px; height: 234px; border-width: 1px; border-style: solid; margin: 2px;" /></p><p> &nbsp;</p><p> <img alt="TED talks" src="/pix/love.jpg" style="width: 190px; height: 285px; border-width: 1px; border-style: solid; margin: 2px; float: left;" />If love is considered a drug, then we can see apply the research on love to drug. This shows that, like love, <strong><span style="background-color: rgb(255, 255, 0);">drugs cause intense concentration, so much so that many other thing in a our lives (like pain) are can be tolerated or forgotten because we have our &ldquo;eyes on the prize.&rdquo;</span></strong></p><p> &nbsp;</p><p> With drug addicts, this intensity and focus could help explain why there is nothing on their minds except the next hit. Addicts&rsquo; health, appearance, jobs, even children and love ones can be forgotten because the drug has taken a hold of one of the oldest parts of their brains, that is responsible for needs and wants.</p><p> &nbsp;</p><p> &nbsp;Fisher also finds that &ldquo;the brain system, the reward system, for wanting, for motivation, for craving, for focus becomes more active when you can&rsquo;t get what you want.&rdquo;</p><p> &nbsp;</p><p> A person has <a href="http://drugrehabtreatmenthelp.com/blog/Withdrawal+Symptoms+of+Heartbreak/">withdrawal symptoms</a> when he/she gets dumped. When this happens, &ldquo;the brain circuit for reward is working and [the one who was dumped feels] intense energy, intense focus, intense motivation, and a willingness to risk it all&rdquo;. Again, applied to other addictive substances, when trying to stay sober, <strong><span style="background-color: rgb(255, 255, 0);">an addict&rsquo;s brain is intensely fixated on the fact that it cannot have the drug, which may explain why </span><a href="../../blog/Once+an+addict%2C+always+an+addict%3F+Relapse+Meaning+and+the+Key+to+Sobriety/"><span style="background-color: rgb(255, 255, 0);">relapse</span></a><span style="background-color: rgb(255, 255, 0);"> is so prevalent.</span></strong></p>10 TED Talks for Drug Addiction and Rehabilitationhttp://www.drugrehabtreatmenthelp.com/blog/10+TED+Talks+for+Drug+Addiction+and+Rehabilitation <p> &nbsp;</p><p> <img alt="TED Talks" src="/pix/TED3.jpg" style="width: 275px; height: 206px; margin: 2px; float: right;" />Google &ldquo;TED talks,&rdquo; click on the Sapling Foundation&rsquo;s Technology, Entertainment and Design <a href="http://www.ted.com/">TED.com</a>, and you instantly have hours of engaging, informative and entertaining talks by the world&rsquo;s leading scientists, scholars, entertainers and politicians. Speakers have 8 to 18 minutes to enthrall you with a bit of information that can change the way you look at the world and yourself.&nbsp;</p><p> &nbsp;</p><p> At <a href="../../">Drug Rehab and Alcohol Treatment</a>, we love the TED talks. They are a perfect way to take a minute each day and expand our minds and how we approach drug, addiction and rehab news and information.</p><p> &nbsp;</p><p> Every day for the next week, we will post one or two of our TED talks, in no particular order, that relate (even roundaboutly) to drugs, addiction, and rehabilitation.</p><p> &nbsp;</p><p> Have fun!</p><p> &nbsp;</p><p> &nbsp;</p><h2> <a href="http://www.drugrehabtreatmenthelp.com/blog/TED+TALK+1%3A+Love+Addiction+and+Drug+Addiction%2C+One+in+the+Same%3F/"><em><span style="background-color: rgb(255, 160, 122);">TED TALK 1: Love Addiction and Drug Addiction, One in the Same?</span></em></a></h2><p style="margin-left: 40px;"> Helen Fisher looks at the drug of romantic love. What does her research show about drug addiction?</p><p> &nbsp;</p><h2> <a href="http://drugrehabtreatmenthelp.com/blog/TED+TALK+2%3A+Is+Our+Treatment+of+Addicts+and+Substance+Abusers+Fair%3F/"><em><span style="background-color: rgb(221, 160, 221);">TED TALK 2: Is Our Treatment of Addicts and Substance Abusers Fair?</span></em></a></h2><p style="margin-left: 40px;"> How does the way addicts are portrayed, talked about contributing to the stigma? Is the treatment community empowering addicts to be agents of change? Emily Levine&#39;s hilarious TED Talk points to helps make connections.</p><p style="margin-left: 40px;"> &nbsp;</p><h2> <a href="../../blog/How+to+Help+an+Addict%3A+TED+TALK+3/"><em><span style="background-color: rgb(0, 255, 255);">TED TALK 3: How to Help an Addict</span></em></a></h2><p style="margin-left: 40px;"> The third in our TED talk series look at Itay Talgam&#39;s analysis of music conductors, their leadership styles and the role that control plays in drug addiction treatment.</p><p style="margin-left: 40px;"> &nbsp;</p><h2> <a href="../../blog/Healing+through+Honesty+and+Creativity%3A+TED+Talk+4/" target="_blank"><em><span style="background-color: rgb(0, 255, 0);">TED TALK 4: Healing through Honesty and Creativity</span></em></a></h2><p style="margin-left: 40px;"> French artist JR was awarded the TED prize for his photography and filmmaking. We explore a bit of his work to talk about how spaces creativity allow for the honesty needed to heal from addiction.</p><h2> &nbsp;</h2><h2> <em><a href="../../blog/The+Secrets+to+Success%3A+TED+Talk+5/"><span style="background-color: rgb(238, 130, 238);">TED TALK 5: The Secrets to Success</span></a></em></h2><p style="margin-left: 40px;"> Everyone wants to know the secret to success. Speaker Richard St. John interviewed over 500 successful people from all walks of life and here is what they said about what it takes to be successful.</p><p style="margin-left: 40px;"> &nbsp;</p><h2> <em><a href="../../blog/TED+TALK+6%3A+How+Culture+Affects+Your+Choice+to+Do+Drugs/"><span style="background-color: rgb(255, 255, 0);">TED TALK 6: How Culture Affects Your Choice to Do Drugs</span></a></em></h2><p style="margin-left: 40px;"> How does choice impact addiction? Although it is the causes of drug addiction are heavily debate, how an addict&#39;s culture impacts choice could give more answers to why people choose to do drugs.</p><p> &nbsp;</p><h2> <a href="http://drugrehabtreatmenthelp.com/blog/TED+Talk+7%3A+Men+and+Addiction/" target="_blank"><em><em><span><span style="background-color: rgb(211, 211, 211);">TED TALK 7: Men and Addiction</span></span></em></em></a></h2><p style="margin-left: 40px;"> What are the stereotypes and restrictions we place on men throughout their lives? How does this impact their interactions with drugs? Desire to get help for their addiction? Ability to successfully recover? Tony Porter&#39;s TED Talk gives us some clues about men and addiction.</p><div style="float: left; width: 400px; text-align: justify;"> &nbsp;</div><div style="float: left; width: 400px; text-align: justify;"> &nbsp;</div><p> &nbsp;</p><p> &nbsp;</p><p> &nbsp;</p><p> <em>Photos courtesy of </em><a href="http://www.bhatt.id.au/blog/ted-talks-videos-ideas-worth-spreading/" target="_blank">bhatt.id.au</a> and <a href="http://www.stevenaitchison.co.uk/blog/2009/09/08/29-great-ted-talks-to-engage-your-brain/" target="_blank">stevenaitchison.co.uk</a></p>New Oxycontin Does Not Give Highhttp://www.drugrehabtreatmenthelp.com/blog/New+Oxycontin+Does+Not+Give+High <p> &nbsp;</p><p> Pharmaceutical company Purdue is changing the formula of OxyContin by making it harder to crush up and when combined with water, it becomes a gel. While the report says that it has recently prevented a robbery, they do not know how effective it is at preventing a person from getting high once its consumed.</p><p> &nbsp;</p><p style="text-align: center;"> <object classid="clsid:D27CDB6E-AE6D-11cf-96B8-444553540000" codebase="http://download.macromedia.com/pub/shockwave/cabs/flash/swflash.cab#version=9,0,47,0" height="412" id="flashObj" width="486"><param name="movie" value="http://c.brightcove.com/services/viewer/federated_f9?isVid=1" /><param name="bgcolor" value="#FFFFFF" /><param name="flashVars" value="omnitureAccountID=gntbcstkxtv,gntbcstglobal&amp;pageContentCategory=&amp;pageContentSubcategory=&amp;marketName=Sacrametno, CA:kxtv&amp;revSciSeg=J06575_10254|J06575_10395|J06575_50507|J06575_50558|J06575_50640|J06575_50709|J06575_50735&amp;revSciZip=&amp;revSciAge=&amp;revSciGender=&amp;division=Broadcast&amp;SSTSCode=News&amp;videoId=635679961001&amp;playerID=35146384001&amp;playerKey=AQ%2E%2E,AAAACC1lKhk%2E,ZvV6UsgbjjbyRIyjCwZ1LlCJagPsiGNo&amp;domain=embed&amp;dynamicStreaming=true" /><param name="base" value="http://admin.brightcove.com" /><param name="seamlesstabbing" value="false" /><param name="allowFullScreen" value="true" /><param name="swLiveConnect" value="true" /><param name="allowScriptAccess" value="always" /><embed allowfullscreen="true" allowscriptaccess="always" base="http://admin.brightcove.com" bgcolor="#FFFFFF" flashvars="omnitureAccountID=gntbcstkxtv,gntbcstglobal&amp;pageContentCategory=&amp;pageContentSubcategory=&amp;marketName=Sacrametno, CA:kxtv&amp;revSciSeg=J06575_10254|J06575_10395|J06575_50507|J06575_50558|J06575_50640|J06575_50709|J06575_50735&amp;revSciZip=&amp;revSciAge=&amp;revSciGender=&amp;division=Broadcast&amp;SSTSCode=News&amp;videoId=635679961001&amp;playerID=35146384001&amp;playerKey=AQ%2E%2E,AAAACC1lKhk%2E,ZvV6UsgbjjbyRIyjCwZ1LlCJagPsiGNo&amp;domain=embed&amp;dynamicStreaming=true" height="412" name="flashObj" pluginspage="http://www.macromedia.com/shockwave/download/index.cgi?P1_Prod_Version=ShockwaveFlash" seamlesstabbing="false" src="http://c.brightcove.com/services/viewer/federated_f9?isVid=1" swliveconnect="true" type="application/x-shockwave-flash" width="486"></embed></object></p><p style="text-align: center;"> &nbsp;</p><h3> Have you tried or heard about the new OxyContin? What are your thoughts? Share them with us in the comment section below.</h3>Stress and Addictionhttp://www.drugrehabtreatmenthelp.com/blog/Stress+and+Addiction <p> &nbsp;</p><p> Watching the Chilean miners come out of the mineshaft and greeted by their loved ones is a very intense experience. One can only imagine what it actually feels like to be in their shoes. The intensity, the emotion, and the stress &ndash; what does that do to a person&rsquo;s mental state, nerves and body? How will the miners and their families be coached on to channel their emotions, thoughts and stress levels?</p><p> &nbsp;</p><p> Stress and addiction often go hand in hand. Not only can stress lead a person to start heavily drinking or taking drugs, stress often triggers an addict to use drugs or alcohol. HBO&rsquo;s documentary series <a href="http://www.hbo.com/addiction/understanding_addiction/141_stress.html">Addiction</a> notes this about stress and addiction:</p><p> &nbsp;</p><p style="margin-left: 40px;"> &ldquo;Animal studies have shown that the brain changes associated with stressful experiences are also associated with more sensitivity to the effects of drugs of abuse. For people who have addictions, stressful life experiences such as divorce, job loss and conflict are often associated with craving and relapse. In addition, people with addiction often have poor coping strategies and turn to drugs and alcohol to relieve stress.&rdquo;</p><p> &nbsp;</p><p> While the Chilean miners have gone through a very stressful time, because they are well in their adulthood, and have ample support to help their recovery, they are less likely to become drug addicts or alcoholics based solely on their recent experiences. Dr. <a href="http://www.hbo.com/addiction/understanding_addiction/141_stress.html">Kathleen Brady</a> says one type of situation that is more likely to cause addiction is early childhood trauma, including physical or sexual abuse. This trauma disrupts a person&rsquo;s stress response and makes him/her more vulnerable to substance abuse disorders.</p><p> &nbsp;</p><p style="text-align: center;"> <img alt="stress and addiction" src="/pix/stress.jpg" style="width: 340px; height: 284px; border-width: 1px; border-style: solid; margin: 3px;" /></p><p> An article in the <a href="http://www.huffingtonpost.com/thea-singer/september-is-recovery-mon_b_715975.html">Huffington Post</a> quotes Westley Clark, M.D., director of SAMHSA&rsquo;s Center for Substance Abuse Treatment, say &ldquo;Stress is not a vague term; it is generally concerned with profound events in a person&rsquo;s life.&rdquo;</p><p> &nbsp;</p><p> Intense stress is what can cause the beginning of an addiction, but also what can fuel it. <a href="http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2007/11/071105154923.htm">Studies with mice</a> and cocaine use have shown that adrenaline contributed to their desire to want cocaine. Although this has not tested with humans, researchers say that humans would probably have a similar reaction as the mice. Therefore, when a person is stressed, hormones released from the stress can ignite cravings for drugs or alcohol.</p><p> &nbsp;</p><p style="text-align: center;"> <object height="385" width="480"><param name="movie" value="http://www.youtube.com/v/UfFi-ljNSAQ?fs=1&amp;hl=en_US" /><param name="allowFullScreen" value="true" /><param name="allowscriptaccess" value="always" /><embed allowfullscreen="true" allowscriptaccess="always" height="385" src="http://www.youtube.com/v/UfFi-ljNSAQ?fs=1&amp;hl=en_US" type="application/x-shockwave-flash" width="480"></embed></object></p><p> &nbsp;</p><p> Just like the disease of addiction itself, the impact of stress on addicts is hard to quantify and can manifest in a person&rsquo;s life in many different ways for many difference reasons. The Yale School of Medicine has an entire consortium dedicated to understanding the functions of <a href="http://stress.yale.edu/projects.aspx">stress and addiction</a>. While we may not exactly know its effects on our lives or how to control it, it is important to be aware of the possibilities when we are in stressful situations.</p>Marijuana and Autism Debate Revisited http://www.drugrehabtreatmenthelp.com/blog/Marijuana+and+Autism+Debate+Revisited+ <p> &nbsp;</p><p> &nbsp;</p><p> In the face of growing news about prescription drug addiction and marijuana legalization, it is important to remember that the ways we look at drugs, addiction, and medical treatment are as influential as the solutions themselves. A perfect example of this is a story covered by Good Morning America about the use of medical marijuana to help people with autism.</p><p> &nbsp;</p><p style="text-align: center;"> <object height="385" width="480"><param name="movie" value="http://www.youtube.com/v/wodlyntXERs?fs=1&amp;hl=en_US" /><param name="allowFullScreen" value="true" /><param name="allowscriptaccess" value="always" /><embed allowfullscreen="true" allowscriptaccess="always" height="385" src="http://www.youtube.com/v/wodlyntXERs?fs=1&amp;hl=en_US" type="application/x-shockwave-flash" width="480"></embed></object></p><p> &nbsp;</p><p> The basic gist of the story is mother Mieko Hester-Perez saw that the medications for her son, Joey&rsquo;s, autism weren&rsquo;t working. Instead, he was not eating and she believed he was dying. She then started giving him marijuana in brownies, and &ldquo;within hours&rdquo; he was asking for food. Over the course of using marijuana, Joey has become more &ldquo;calm and balanced&rdquo; says Hester-Perez.</p><p> &nbsp;</p><p> At the time the story aired, there were many articles written by autism and marijuana sites about the story. However, few, if any, focused on the lack of analysis given to the prescriptions Joey was previously taking for his autism.</p><p> &nbsp;</p><p> Most notably, Dr. Sharon Hirsch, the &ldquo;authoritative voice&rdquo; on medical treatment of autism of the story, said that the boy shouldn&rsquo;t use marijuana as a medication because</p><p style="margin-left: 0.5in;"> &nbsp;</p><p style="margin-left: 0.5in;"> <strong><span style="background-color: rgb(255, 255, 0);">&ldquo;He&rsquo;s intoxicated. He&rsquo;s stoned. It means he is under the influence of a drug and may have an addiction.&rdquo;</span></strong></p><p> &nbsp;</p><p> 30 seconds before, the report said that when the boy started using marijuana, he reduce his use of thirteen prescription medications to three. Thirteen prescriptions?! Does the doctor really believe he wasn&rsquo;t intoxicated and possibly addicted to one of the thirteen different drugs pumping through his body?</p><p> &nbsp;</p><p style="text-align: center;"> <img alt="medical marijuana" src="/pix/mm.jpg" style="border-width: 1px; border-style: solid; margin: 3px; width: 400px; height: 265px;" /></p><p> &nbsp;</p><p> The doctor&rsquo;s reaction implicitly says that, unless marijuana is legal and available for government inspection and approval (i.e. able to be manufactured and sold by pharmaceutical companies), like Vicodin or Oxycodone, it is dismissed as a viable solution to autism because it causes intoxication and may cause addiction &ndash; consequences also caused by FDA approved medications.</p><p> &nbsp;</p><p> Furthermore, stereotypical phrases like marijuana makes the child &ldquo;stoned&rdquo; conjure up associations so far away from a professional and clinically tested solution, that marijuana is dismissed based on lowest common denominator clich&eacute;s. In fact, Diane Lane recognizes Mieko Hester-Perez, the mother, and her visceral reaction to the term.</p><p> &nbsp;</p><p> But two second later Lane goes right back to a fairly stereotypical reaction, asking Hester-Perez, &ldquo;What were the behaviors that drove you to seek out this <strong><em>dramatic</em></strong>, if not controversial, [solution]?&rdquo;</p><p> &nbsp;</p><p style="text-align: center;"> <img alt="prescription pills" src="/pix/pp.jpg" style="border-width: 1px; border-style: solid; margin: 3px; width: 400px; height: 265px;" /></p><p style="text-align: center;"> <em>Photos courtesy of istockphoto</em></p><p> &nbsp;</p><p> If considered logically, which is more dramatic &ndash; 13 medications versus 3? Giving your child a medication that comes from the earth or developed in a lab by combining chemicals, some synthetic, that you have no idea what they are, where they come from, how they affect your child&rsquo;s brain?</p><p> &nbsp;</p><p> In this report, the doctor&rsquo;s lack of balance in the analysis of the pros and cons of marijuana as a treatment immediately shuts off a debate about the actual results of marijuana as a medication. Making marijuana look illegitimate eliminates the scrutiny needed to look at what the other medications have been doing to the child, why they didn&rsquo;t work, and the real possibilities that they cause intoxication and addiction, maybe to an even greater extent then marijuana.</p><p> &nbsp;</p><p> Granted, the doctor&rsquo;s statement is a sound bite needed for the show and the limited in-depth discussion is probably due to time. This story was aired about a year ago and the debate has expanded in some ways. However, reexamining this story points to continued need for the community surrounding drugs, addiction, and rehabilitation to continually question available status quo answers or lack thereof.</p><p> &nbsp;</p><h2 style="text-align: center;"> ***ARTICLE UPDATE***</h2><p> &nbsp;</p><h2> ABC&#39;s The Practice, Marijuana &amp; Autism</h2><p> &nbsp;</p><p> After tweeting this story, the folks at <a href="javascript:void(0)/*3058*/">Challenges Rehab</a> replied to say that the issue of using marijuana as a medication for autism was addressed in a recent episode of ABC&#39;s television show, <a href="javascript:void(0)/*3059*/">Private Practice</a> (linked to the specific episode).</p><p> &nbsp;</p><p> In the episode, Justine Bateman plays the single-mother of a 12-year-old boy with autism. She has a prescription for marijuana for her own issues with headaches, but after going through many treatments and medications, she starts giving her son the marijuana. Upon telling this to her doctor and her son&#39;s doctor (after the child&rsquo;s doctor questions his &ldquo;glassy eyes&rdquo;) (see clich&eacute; remark above), there&#39;s a surge of dramatic music, both doctor&#39;s say that she should not be giving him the marijuana because it is &ldquo;irresponsible.&rdquo;</p><p> &nbsp;</p><p style="text-align: center;"> <img alt="Private Practice" src="/pix/private.jpg" style="width: 425px; height: 296px; border-width: 1px; border-style: solid; margin: 3px;" /></p><p> &nbsp;</p><p> When the mother stops giving the child marijuana, he reverts back to intense autistic symptoms. In the middle of a fit, the child&#39;s doctor holds him and says, &quot;We&#39;ll find another treatment. We&#39;ll get through this.&quot; While the mother screams back, &quot;No, <em>we </em>won&#39;t. I won&#39;t. Please just give him the drug.&quot; The doctor responds, &quot;Sorry, I can&#39;t do that.&quot; Later, the doctor says he&rsquo;s given him a <em>sedative</em> (a bong toke maybe?) to calm down.</p><p> &nbsp;</p><p> It&#39;s unreasonable to expect a nighttime soap opera to honestly portray the nuance and the grey areas in an issue like using marijuana to treat autism symptoms - especially when the next scene is Taye Diggs running shirtless on the beach. But, after the episode was aired, the show&#39;s <a href="javascript:void(0)/*3060*/">web discussion board</a> and several bloggers fumed in disgust at the outcome of the child being taken away by child services because the mother gave him pot from the street, which was laced with PCP.</p><p> &nbsp;</p><p style="text-align: center;"> <img alt="private practice" src="/pix/pri.jpg" style="width: 500px; height: 285px; border-width: 1px; border-style: solid; margin: 3px;" /></p><p style="text-align: center;"> <em>Photos courtesy of abc.go.com</em></p><p> &nbsp;</p><h2> What about prescription pill intoxication and addiction?</h2><p> &nbsp;</p><p> The bloggers&#39; analyses noted the ways in which the mother was portrayed and what it means to take care of an autistic child. However, <strong><span style="background-color: rgb(255, 255, 0);">what the criticisms missed is questioning the doctors&#39; reactions to using marijuana as a viable medication</span></strong>, which is the argument we made about the doctor in the Good Morning America story.</p><p> &nbsp;</p><p> In both instances, there is a <strong>total disregard of the doctor&#39;s responsibility to give substantive reasons why marijuana should not be used</strong>, besides the fact that it can intoxicate the child and may lead to addiction. Both these arguments against marijuana are not substantive because, what the doctors in both shows refuse to admit is that, one or several of the multiple medications that the doctors will prescribe can cause intoxication, may become addictive, <em>and</em> don&rsquo;t even effectively treat the patient.</p><p> &nbsp;</p><p> This lack of analysis on the doctors&#39; part <strong>shows a laziness in not expressing the legitimate medical and chemical reasons why marijuana should not by used. It also is negligent to not acknowledge the ramifications of prescription drug use</strong>, despite the fact that these medications are legal. For both marijuana and prescription medications (which are a growing cause of addiction), there should be much more discussion about the doctor&#39;s responsibility and role in suggesting and prescribing (or not prescribing) medications that effectively treat autism, based on results and patient wellness, not taboos and clich&eacute;s.</p><p> &nbsp;</p><p> <em><strong><span style="font-size: 14px;">What are your thoughts about this debate? Let us know your thoughts in the comment section below!</span></strong></em></p>Binge Drinking: On the rise in America and Abroadhttp://www.drugrehabtreatmenthelp.com/blog/Binge+Drinking%3A+On+the+rise+in+America+and+Abroad <p> &nbsp;</p><p> A new U.S. government survey has found that 1 out of 3 adults and 2 out of 3 high school students binge drink. The definition of <a href="http://www.niaaa.nih.gov/AboutNIAAA/NIAAASponsoredPrograms/StatisticalSnapshotUnderageDrinking.htm">binge drinking</a> is having 5 or more drinks on a single occasion. <a href="http://healthland.time.com/2010/10/13/4-reasons-binge%C2%A0drinking-is-a-public-health-problem/?xid=yahoo-feat?xid=huffpo-direct">TIME magazine</a> quotes Dr. Thomas Frieden, director of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), from a press conference saying, &quot;Binge drinking as a problem has been largely unrecognized.&quot;</p><p> This may be the case in the United States, but in <a href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/18173097">Europe</a>&nbsp;binge drinking has been a problem that governments have continually struggled to manage. Among young people in Europe, binge drinking has been on the rise since 1995.</p><p> <br /> Here is one public service announcement was created for English teens this summer: (Does gross out factor equal prevention?)</p><p> &nbsp;</p><p style="text-align: center;"> <object height="385" width="640"><param name="movie" value="http://www.youtube.com/v/caU5dLDHKaQ?fs=1&amp;hl=en_US" /><param name="allowFullScreen" value="true" /><param name="allowscriptaccess" value="always" /><embed allowfullscreen="true" allowscriptaccess="always" height="385" src="http://www.youtube.com/v/caU5dLDHKaQ?fs=1&amp;hl=en_US" type="application/x-shockwave-flash" width="640"></embed></object></p><p> &nbsp;</p><p> &nbsp;</p><p> The poster below is possibly one of the funniest public service announcements developed by London&rsquo;s Drug and Alcohol Service. The message came out in 2008 and was aimed at young adult women. The message reads: &lsquo;If you drink like a man you might end up looking like one.&#39;</p><p> &nbsp;</p><p style="text-align: center;"> <a href="http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-1023844/The-graphic-image-warns-binge-women-end-looking-like-man.html" target="_blank"><img alt="binge drinking" src="/pix/psa.jpg" style="margin: 4px; width: 350px; height: 432px;" /></a></p><p style="text-align: center;"> Photo courtesy of&nbsp;<a href="http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-1023844/The-graphic-image-warns-binge-women-end-looking-like-man.html" target="_blank">dailymail.co.uk</a></p><p> &nbsp;</p><p> From previous studies, the statistics seems to indicate that binge drinking is a problem among pre-teens and teens, while adults have a more more consistent heavy consumption of alcohol. A survey by the <a href="http://www.niaaa.nih.gov/AboutNIAAA/NIAAASponsoredPrograms/StatisticalSnapshotUnderageDrinking.htm">National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism</a> noted several statistics about alcohol consumption among teens including:</p><p> &nbsp;</p><ul> <li> Alcohol is the drug of choice among teens in the United States.</li> <li> The amount of alcohol consumed among teenagers increases with age. 11% of 8<sup>th</sup> graders have reported binge drinking, followed by 22% of 10<sup>th</sup> graders, followed by 29% of 12<sup>th</sup> graders.</li> <li> Adolescents drink less frequently than adults, but drink more per occasion.</li></ul><p style="text-align: center;"> &nbsp;</p><p style="text-align: center;"> <img alt="binge drinking" src="/pix/bd.jpg" style="margin: 4px; width: 600px; height: 306px;" /></p><p style="text-align: center;"> &nbsp;</p><p> &nbsp;</p><p> The <a href="http://www.niaaa.nih.gov/Resources/DatabaseResources/QuickFacts/Adults/brfss03.htm">NIAA</a> has surveyed the percentage of adults who reported binge drinking beginning 1984 to 2008. Organized by state and gender, these numbers show that, while there have been gradual increases and declines in binge drinking in different states, rarely has there been an increased by over 5% in one year. It is more likely that there is a 1 or 2% increase or a small to large decrease in binge drinking. Also, binge drinking percentages are higher among men than women.</p>Love is a Drug - Literallyhttp://www.drugrehabtreatmenthelp.com/blog/Love+is+a+Drug+-+Literally <p style="margin-left: 40px;"> &nbsp;</p><p style="margin-left: 40px;"> While being in love may seem like a complicated, magical occurrence that cannot be explained, brain chemists and researchers would argue otherwise. <a href="http://www.syracuse.com/news/index.ssf/2010/10/syracuse_university_study_find_1.html">Syracuse.com</a> reports on a new study by Dr. Stephanie Ortigue and researchers from West Virginia University who found that falling in love involves 12 parts of an individual&rsquo;s brain, one of which stimulates dopamine receptors in the same way drugs such as cocaine do.&nbsp; <img alt="love is a drug" src="/pix/brain.jpg" style="width: 200px; height: 267px; border-width: 2px; border-style: solid; margin: 4px; float: right;" /></p><p style="margin-left: 40px;"> &nbsp;</p><p style="margin-left: 40px;"> As published and explained in <a href="http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1743-6109.2010.01999.x/abstract">The Journal of Sexual Medicine</a>, scientists used brain imagining (an advanced technology use to study many drug addiction questions and issues) to map the networks within the brain associated with passionate love. These images were then compared with brain images from people who experience other types of love.</p><p style="margin-left: 40px;"> &nbsp;</p><p style="margin-left: 40px;"> The study found that different types of love involve distinct cerebral (brain) networks. Passionate love, for example, involves &ldquo;emotion, motivation, reward, social cognition, attention, and self-representation or body image. &hellip;[And lead to changes in] the levels of a number of chemicals in the besotted brain, including increases in dopamine, oxytocin, adrenaline, vasopressin, and a decrease of serotonin,&rdquo; says <a href="http://www.independent.co.uk/news/science/love-on-the-brain-2096672.html">The Independent</a>.</p><p style="margin-left: 40px;"> &nbsp;</p><p style="margin-left: 40px;"> This study is another indicator to factor into the impact of dopamine and other brain chemicals that contribute to addiction. By finding out what charges these chemicals and what their resulting reactions are, scientists will be able to know why people have the reactions they do to various causes. For example, a study like Ortingue&rsquo;s could help explain why other studies have found that a person can have <a href="../../blog/Withdrawal+Symptoms+of+Heartbreak/">withdrawal symptoms from love</a> and heartbreak.</p>Celebrity Drug News: Pat O'Brien, Elvis and Lindsay Lohanhttp://www.drugrehabtreatmenthelp.com/blog/Celebrity+Drug+News%3A+Pat+O%27Brien%2C+Elvis+and+Lindsay+Lohan <p> &nbsp;</p><p style="margin-left: 40px;"> <span style="color: rgb(255, 0, 0);">Celebrity Drug News:</span> This past weekend Pat O&rsquo;Brien talked to <a href="http://www.radaronline.com/exclusives/2010/10/exclusive-video-interview-pat-obrien-lindsay-lohan-get-clean-or-you-will-die">RadarOnline</a> about Lindsay Lohan going to rehab and what she needs to do to get over her addiction. O&#39;Brien said that a person has to want help to get help. He mentioned Elvis Presley and the fact that the people around him never said no or tried to stop his drug addiction, which is what lead to his downfall.&nbsp;</p><p style="margin-left: 40px;"> &nbsp;</p><p style="text-align: center;"> <img alt="Pat Obrien addiction, Lindsay Lohan" src="/pix/pat.jpg" style="width: 244px; height: 327px; margin: 3px;" /></p><p style="margin-left: 40px;"> &nbsp;</p><p style="margin-left: 40px;"> O&rsquo;Brien said that since Lohan is in rehab she &ldquo;will get it&rdquo;, but if she doesn&rsquo;t realize that she needs to change her habits, lifestyle, and get clean or she will die. The celebrity news commentator also mentioned that while he hasn&#39;t spoken to Lohan in awhile, he loves her and thinks that she is a smart girl.</p><p style="margin-left: 40px;"> &nbsp;</p><p style="text-align: center;"> <img alt="Lindsay Lohan rehab, Pat Obrien" src="/pix/li.jpg" style="width: 300px; height: 223px; margin: 3px;" /></p><p> &nbsp;</p><p style="margin-left: 40px;"> Back in 2008, when O&rsquo;Brien was going to rehab for the second time, an <a href="http://abcnews.go.com/Health/story?id=4273963&amp;page=1">ABC News</a> report makes the interesting correlation between what happens to normal people when they have to stop working and go to rehabilitation versus celebrities, whose companies are typically supportive and understanding. There is also an element of peer understanding &ndash; while in Hollywood, rehab is almost &ldquo;a right of passage&rdquo;, in reality most addicts are criticized by their co-workers and community. Although this article was written in 2008, this still rings true with <a href="../../blog/Will+Lindsay+Lohan+rake+in+millions+by+pulling+a+Joaquin+Phoenix%3F/">celebrity drug addicts</a>.</p><p> &nbsp;</p><p style="text-align: center;"> <img alt="Elivs Presley drug addiction, Pat Obrien" src="/pix/ep.jpg" style="width: 300px; height: 377px; margin: 3px;" /></p><p style="margin-left: 40px;"> &nbsp;</p><p style="margin-left: 40px;"> <strong><em>Click here to go to our blog and more <a href="http://drugrehabtreatmenthelp.com/drug-and-alcohol-abuse-information/paris-hilton-drug-smuggling/">celebrity drug news</a>.</em></strong></p>Eminem's 60 Minutes Interview: What can an addict take away?http://www.drugrehabtreatmenthelp.com/blog/Eminem%27s+60+Minutes+Interview%3A+What+can+an+addict+take+away%3F <p> &nbsp;</p><p> Eminem sat down with Anderson Cooper for a 60 minutes interview. It was aired this past Sunday.</p><p> &nbsp;</p><p> The beginning of the interview begins going back to his home in Detroit, Michigan. They talk about the <a href="../../blog/Reason+for+Addiction+1%3A+Social+Context/">social context</a> he came from, his <a href="../../blog/Reason+for+Addiction+2%3A+Genetics/">mother&rsquo;s issues</a>, and being beaten up by kids at school.</p><p> &nbsp;</p><p> It then talks about his battle with addiction to the point where he has now been clean for two and a half years.</p><p> &nbsp;</p><p style="text-align: center;"> <object height="385" width="640"><param name="movie" value="http://www.youtube.com/v/c-svXcxBYdk?fs=1&amp;hl=en_US" /><param name="allowFullScreen" value="true" /><param name="allowscriptaccess" value="always" /><embed allowfullscreen="true" allowscriptaccess="always" height="385" src="http://www.youtube.com/v/c-svXcxBYdk?fs=1&amp;hl=en_US" type="application/x-shockwave-flash" width="640"></embed></object></p><p> &nbsp;</p><p> We want to know what you think about this interview? What do you think lead him to his addiction? What helped his recovery? Put your comments, questions and opinions in our comment section below.</p>Once an addict, always an addict? Relapse Meaning and the Key to Sobrietyhttp://www.drugrehabtreatmenthelp.com/blog/Once+an+addict%2C+always+an+addict%3F+Relapse+Meaning+and+the+Key+to+Sobriety <p> &nbsp;</p><p style="margin-left: 40px;"> In 2007, <a href="http://www.stanfordalumni.org/news/magazine/2007/marapr/features/dweck.html">Stanford Magazine</a> published an article about professor Carol Dweck and her research on why some people achieve their potential while equally talented others don&rsquo;t. British soccer performance director, Tony Faulkner, brought his then Blackburn Rovers team to Dweck to understand why his best players didn&rsquo;t want to seriously train. Faulkner needed Dweck&rsquo;s help to solve what he had identified as the problem:</p><p> &nbsp;</p><p style="margin-left: 80px;"> &ldquo;British soccer culture held that star players are born, not made. If you buy into that view, and are told you&rsquo;ve got immense talent, what&rsquo;s the point of practice? If anything, training hard would tell you and others that you&rsquo;re merely good, not great.&rdquo;</p><p> &nbsp;</p><h2> <strong>The Key to Unlocking Potential</strong></h2><p> &nbsp;</p><p style="margin-left: 40px;"> Dweck found that the key to a person unlocking his potential is whether or not he looks at ability [physical, intellectual, or in this article&rsquo;s case, the ability to quit using drugs] as something that is inherent or something that can be developed with practice. Dweck has done many studies and <a href="http://www.amazon.com/s/ref=nb_sb_ss_i_2_11?url=search-alias%3Daps&amp;field-keywords=dweck+carol&amp;x=0&amp;y=0&amp;sprefix=dweck+carol">written books</a> on this topic. Her work explains:</p><p> &nbsp;</p><p style="margin-left: 80px;"> &ldquo;Common sense suggests that ability inspires self-confidence. And it does for a while&mdash;so long as the going is easy. But setbacks change everything. Dweck realized&mdash;and, with colleague Elaine Elliott soon demonstrated&mdash;that the difference lay in the kids&rsquo; [in her experiment] goals. &ldquo;The mastery-oriented children are really hell-bent on learning something,&rdquo; Dweck says, and &ldquo;learning goals&rdquo; inspire a different chain of thoughts and behaviors than &ldquo;performance goals.&rdquo;</p><p> &nbsp;</p><p style="margin-left: 40px;"> As defined in Dweck&rsquo;s experiments, a learning approach to solving problems is when challenges are thought of as opportunities to grow and improve. A performance approach to solving problems is when a person sees challenges as a time when he proves that he innately can solve the problem or can&rsquo;t solve the problem. He either has it or he doesn&rsquo;t.</p><p> &nbsp;</p><p style="margin-left: 40px;"> So, it is a person&rsquo;s mental approach to problems and setbacks that determines whether he solves the problem and improves or whether he gives up and considers himself a failure.</p><p align="center"> &nbsp;</p><p style="text-align: center;"> <span style="font-size: 16px;"><em>How is Dweck&rsquo;s work applicable to drug addiction?</em></span></p><p> &nbsp;</p><h2> <strong>How to Learn from Relapse</strong></h2><p> &nbsp;</p><p style="margin-left: 40px;"> Addiction is a <a href="http://kap.samhsa.gov/products/manuals/taps/11j.htm">chronic relapsing disorder</a>. Relapse is a common symptom of addiction. Statistically, the odds are against the addict: 47% of people getting drug rehabilitation and alcohol treatment will <a href="archives.drugabuse.gov/pdf/monographs/106.pdf">relapse within the first year</a> after treatment. Using Dweck&rsquo;s research, this may be the place where an addict determines how she will think about her relapse. She can think in terms of &ldquo;performance goals&rdquo; - because she failed to stay sober, she doesn&rsquo;t have the ability to stay clean and will always be an addict.</p><p> &nbsp;</p><p style="margin-left: 40px;"> Or, she can think in terms of &ldquo;learning goals&rdquo; - even though she had a relapse, the addict can learn from the relapse and challenge herself to get back on the horse and learn from her mistakes the second time around.</p><p> &nbsp;</p><p style="margin-left: 40px;"> Dweck&rsquo;s learning vs. performance approach to achievement is supported by the statistic that, every time a person <a href="http://www.hbo.com/addiction/understanding_addiction/15_relapse.html">relapses</a> but goes back to rehab to get more treatment, her chances of staying sober and not relapsing increases. So, the more the addict tries, the better she will get at staying sober. It is a learned goal, not one where you either have it or you don&rsquo;t.</p><p> &nbsp;</p><p style="margin-left: 40px;"> There are many elements that contribute to an addiction and an addict&rsquo;s recovery. It is a <a href="../../blog/10+Myths+about+Rehab+and+Addiction/">myth of addiction</a> that the inability to stop using drugs is due to a person&rsquo;s lack of will power. However, personal choice does play a part. Therefore, the way that an addict approaches relapse and what it means to her ability and personal role in staying sober could be what helps determine whether or not she does. &nbsp;</p><p> &nbsp;</p><h2> <strong>Once an addict, always an addict?</strong></h2><p> &nbsp;</p><p style="margin-left: 40px;"> If you buy into the view that, because relapse is an ever-present symptom of addiction, once a person is an addict, he/she will always be an addict, what&rsquo;s the point of getting sober? If that is the case, rehab is a waste of time because the addict will relapse at some point. However, as the research shows, this is not the case.</p><p> &nbsp;</p><p style="margin-left: 40px;"> It is how an addict faces his/her addiction that will determine how he/she looks at the role of relapse in recovery. If you are an addict, you will not always be an addict. This is because relapse and addiction do not define a person. Rather, they are challenges in your life and it is your approach to these challenges that define the impact they have in your life. These challenges are opportunities to grow, learn, and improve.</p><p style="margin-left: 40px;"> &nbsp;</p><p style="text-align: center;"> <object height="385" width="480"><param name="movie" value="http://www.youtube.com/v/JBJo_Ag3dUA?fs=1&amp;hl=en_US" /><param name="allowFullScreen" value="true" /><param name="allowscriptaccess" value="always" /><embed allowfullscreen="true" allowscriptaccess="always" height="385" src="http://www.youtube.com/v/JBJo_Ag3dUA?fs=1&amp;hl=en_US" type="application/x-shockwave-flash" width="480"></embed></object></p><p> <span style="font-size: 14px;"><em>What type of approach do you take? Learning or performance? Tell us your thoughts in the comment section below!</em></span></p>Addiction: Your Dirty Secrethttp://www.drugrehabtreatmenthelp.com/blog/Addiction%3A+Your+Dirty+Secret <p> &nbsp;</p><p style="margin-left: 80px;"> If you haven&rsquo;t checked it out, <a href="http://www.postsecret.com/">Postsecret.com</a> is both a creative and cathartic place for people to post their secrets. Recently named one of TIME magazine&rsquo;s 50 best websites of 2010, the website is &ldquo;an ongoing community art project where people mail in [or scan] their secrets anonymously on one side of a postcard.&rdquo; Creator by Frank Warren aimed to create an anonymous community of acceptance. Between 2005 and 2007, over 2,500 postcards were put on the site. Many of the secrets on the site are about people&rsquo;s drug use, addiction, and how to get over one&rsquo;s problems.</p><p style="margin-left: 80px;"> &nbsp;</p><p style="margin-left: 80px; text-align: center;"> <a href="http://www.postsecret.com/" target="_blank"><img alt="postcard.com" src="/pix/ps1.jpg" style="width: 700px; height: 337px; border-width: 3px; border-style: solid; margin: 3px;" /></a></p><p style="margin-left: 80px;"> &nbsp;</p><p style="margin-left: 80px;"> In addiction recovery, admitting your secrets about your addiction, past actions, and past experiences is part of the recovery process. Psychotherapist, <a href="http://www.moritherapy.org/article/addiction-shame-and-secrets/">Isabella Mori</a>, writes that people struggling with addiction can often function well in &ldquo;normal&rdquo; or out-in-the-open situations because they have an &ldquo;intimate relationship between addiction, shame, and intricate techniques designed to conceal the addiction.&rdquo;</p><p style="margin-left: 80px;"> &nbsp;</p><p style="margin-left: 80px; text-align: center;"> <a href="http://postsecret.tumblr.com/" target="_blank"><img alt="postcard.com" src="/pix/ps2.jpg" style="width: 700px; height: 503px; margin: 3px;" /></a></p><p style="margin-left: 80px;"> &nbsp;</p><p style="margin-left: 80px;"> This means, the way an addict manages his/her addiction is as much as secret as the addiction itself. Each of these actions create layer upon layer of lies that hide fact that there is an addiction from the public. As the secrets increase, it becomes harder and harder to reveal the secret of addiction itself.</p><p style="margin-left: 80px;"> &nbsp;</p><p style="margin-left: 80px; text-align: center;"> <a href="http://twitter.com/postsecret" target="_blank"><img alt="postcard.com" src="/pix/ps3.jpg" style="width: 700px; height: 371px; border-width: 3px; border-style: solid; margin: 3px;" /></a></p><p style="margin-left: 80px;"> &nbsp;</p><p style="margin-left: 80px;"> &nbsp;</p><p style="margin-left: 80px;"> Part of rehabilitation and the recovery process is admitting your secrets. If admitting the actions that surround your addiction is where you have to start, that is okay. They will help you recognize the patterns and habits that facilitate your addiction. Often times, before admitting to these small actions, you can&rsquo;t see that they are merely the tip of the iceberg to your habits and root addiction.</p><p style="margin-left: 80px;"> &nbsp;</p><p style="margin-left: 80px;"> Where can you start to reveal your secrets? Go to an AA or NA meeting. Too revealing? Go to an online forum and use a pseudonym. Or create a postcard and send it to postcard.com.</p><p style="margin-left: 80px;"> &nbsp;</p><p style="text-align: center;"> <object height="385" width="480"><param name="movie" value="http://www.youtube.com/v/mWXjrHOZtrQ?fs=1&amp;hl=en_US" /><param name="allowFullScreen" value="true" /><param name="allowscriptaccess" value="always" /><embed allowfullscreen="true" allowscriptaccess="always" height="385" src="http://www.youtube.com/v/mWXjrHOZtrQ?fs=1&amp;hl=en_US" type="application/x-shockwave-flash" width="480"></embed></object></p>Why Admitting You Have a Problem is So Difficulthttp://www.drugrehabtreatmenthelp.com/blog/Why+Admitting+You+Have+a+Problem+is+So+Difficult <p> &nbsp;</p><p> Recognizing that you have a problem with drug or alcohol addiction is one of the most difficult things you have to do as a substance abuser or addict. In fact, recognizing that you do not have control over your use of drugs and alcohol and actually telling people this realization is harder than getting addiction treatment. Why is this so hard?</p><p> &nbsp;</p><h3> <strong>&nbsp;- Addictions can start before you take the first hit.</strong></h3><p> &nbsp;</p><p style="margin-left: 40px;"> Looking your family&rsquo;s history is the first window into how your addiction began. Did you parents use drugs? What was their approach to drug use? How did they talk to you about using drugs? Whether your family has a history of drug use or has an adamant stance against drug use, their reactions impact your approach to addiction. For example, children of addicts have a statistically higher likelihood of becoming addicts themselves. The relationship between your family, drugs, and your personal reactions to these two impacted your view of drugs before you began using.</p><h3> &nbsp;</h3><h3> <strong>&nbsp;- Your addiction didn&rsquo;t happen overnight. Your recovery won&rsquo;t either.</strong></h3><h3> &nbsp;</h3><p style="margin-left: 40px;"> Think back to when you first started drinking or the first hit of a drug. What lead up to that moment? After you took that first drag, how did you feel? Who gave you the drug? Did you continue to hang out with them? Analyzing the actions that lead up to and facilitated your drug use is a reminder that your addiction was the result of doing drugs and drinking many many times. It is very rare that a person takes one swig of beer and becomes an alcoholic. Addiction comes from repeated use. There are also things that happen outside the actual use of the drug, like feelings, senses, reactions, relationships, that impact your continued use.</p><p style="margin-left: 40px;"> &nbsp;</p><p style="margin-left: 40px;"> The same is true with your recovery. Typically, there are many actions that happen over and over again before you recognizing there is a problem and need help. There may have been one too many fights with your spouse and she is threatening to leave you. You may have lost your children to the state. Or you may have lost all of your money to drug use. When these negative experiences pile one on top of the other, you begin to realize that your addiction is taking over your life and you don&rsquo;t have control over your life. Instead, the drug has control of you.</p><h3> &nbsp;</h3><h3> <strong>&nbsp;- Admitting you don&rsquo;t have control means you have a problem.</strong></h3><h3> &nbsp;</h3><p style="margin-left: 40px;"> This may be a simple &ldquo;duh&rdquo; statement, but by acknowledging the fact that you no longer have control over yourself, you are acknowledging that you are powerless. Being powerless can make you feel like a failure. You can feel like you are crazy. You can feel like you don&rsquo;t know how to stop your addictive behaviors, which can lead you to feel helpless and like there is no way out. This is an intense feeling that is often what delays a person being honest about his/her addiction.</p><h3> &nbsp;</h3><h3> <strong>&nbsp;- Denial is easier than admitting the truth.</strong></h3><h3> &nbsp;</h3><p style="margin-left: 40px;"> When you deny your addiction, you (seemingly) don&rsquo;t have to deal with them. In reality, when you continually take drugs or drink, you are experiencing problems for your addiction but do not have to face them because you&rsquo;re high or drunk. Also, an addict knows how to cope when he/she is intoxicated. To those sober around you, it is clear that everything is uncared for and broken. When you aren&rsquo;t in denial, you see the mess around you, and, worse, you don&rsquo;t know how to deal. This can make it very difficult to know how to begin to start fixing in your life.</p><h3> &nbsp;</h3><h3> <strong>&nbsp;- Admitting your have a problem means you have to </strong><strong>change.</strong></h3><h3> &nbsp;</h3><p style="margin-left: 40px;"> Once you acknowledge that you have a problem, it is hard to go back. It is not hard to continue to drink or do drugs, and it is not hard to temporarily forget that you have an addiction. But when you admit that you are an addict, you have consciously decided that you know the difference between what it could mean to live your life not using drugs or alcohol. You essentially see the light just by recognizing that there is a light to be seen. Although you may not know how to reach an addiction-free life, once you know it is there, it is hard for the truth to not seep into the darkness of your addiction.</p>What is a SCRAM bracelet? http://www.drugrehabtreatmenthelp.com/blog/What+is+a+SCRAM+bracelet%3F+ <p> &nbsp;</p><p style="margin-left: 40px;"> After reading about the many celebrities who have <a href="http://www.radaronline.com/photos/image/65695/2010/05/celebrities-who-have-worn-scram-bracelets#image-load">worn SCRAM bracelets,</a> we decided to investigate the accessory and its purpose. Here is what we found:</p><p style="margin-left: 40px;"> &nbsp;</p><h3 style="margin-left: 40px;"> <strong>What does SCRAM stand for?</strong></h3><p style="margin-left: 40px;"> &nbsp;</p><p style="margin-left: 40px;"> SCRAM stands for Secure Continuous Remote Alcohol Monitor. The company <a href="http://www.alcoholmonitoring.com/">Alcohol Monitoring Systems</a> manufactures the bracelet, as well as an entire tracking system that is used by parole officers, the department of corrections, sheriffs, specialty courts, family courts, veterans treatment courts, and 24/7 sobriety programs to track people&rsquo;s blood alcohol levels.</p><p style="margin-left: 40px;"> &nbsp;</p><p style="margin-left: 40px;"> <img alt="SCRAM Bracelet" src="/pix/scram1.jpg" style="width: 400px; height: 266px; margin: 3px;" /></p><p style="margin-left: 40px;"> <em>Photo courtesy of <a href="http://www.nydailynews.com/gossip/2010/05/24/2010-05-24_lindsay_lohans_scram_bracelet_tamperfree_device_that_knows_exactly_how_much_you_.html">nydailynews.com</a></em></p><p style="margin-left: 40px;"> &nbsp;</p><h3 style="margin-left: 40px;"> <strong>What does the SCRAM do?</strong></h3><p style="margin-left: 40px;"> &nbsp;</p><p style="margin-left: 40px;"> The bracelet measures and monitors the amount of alcohol in the wearer&rsquo;s body by using his/her perspiration (sweat). Once the amount of alcohol is collected, the device sends the information to the Alcohol Monitoring System&rsquo;s location. The manufacturer then gives the information to the appropriate parties. The main purpose of the SCRAM is to ensure abstinence from alcohol.</p><p style="margin-left: 40px;"> &nbsp;</p><p style="margin-left: 40px;"> <img alt="SCRAM bracelet" src="/pix/scram2.jpg" style="width: 300px; height: 377px; margin: 3px;" /></p><p style="margin-left: 40px;"> <em>Photo courtesy of <a href="http://scrapetv.com/News/News%20Pages/Entertainment/pages-6/Lindsay-Lohan-returns-from-France-sporting-newest-fashion-accessory-Scrape-TV-The-World-on-your-side.html">scrapetv.com</a></em></p><p style="margin-left: 40px;"> &nbsp;</p><h3 style="margin-left: 40px;"> <strong>Is the SCRAM accurate?</strong></h3><p style="margin-left: 40px;"> &nbsp;</p><p style="margin-left: 40px;"> <a href="http://www.emaxhealth.com/1506/63/36696/what-scram-bracelet.html">Emax Health</a> notes that, while alcohol (particularly ethanol) is attracted to water and easily detected in a person&rsquo;s sweat, the specific amount of alcohol in a person&rsquo;s body cannot be detected. Also, the SCRAM does not distinguish between different types of alcohol-based fluids. Therefore, a person wearing a SCRAM cannot use mouthwash, perfumes, hairsprays, etc.</p><p style="margin-left: 40px;"> &nbsp;</p><p style="margin-left: 40px;"> <img alt="SCRAM bracelet" src="/pix/scram5.jpg" style="width: 220px; height: 165px; margin: 3px;" /></p><p style="margin-left: 40px;"> &nbsp;</p><h3 style="margin-left: 40px;"> <strong>When is a SCRAM bracelet used?</strong></h3><p style="margin-left: 40px;"> &nbsp;</p><p style="margin-left: 40px;"> The SCRAM bracelet is used in several instances, including:</p><p style="margin-left: 40px;"> &nbsp;</p><p style="margin-left: 80px;"> &nbsp;- Driving under the influence with extremely high blood alcohol content levels</p><p style="margin-left: 80px;"> &nbsp;- Repeat DUI/DWI offences</p><p style="margin-left: 80px;"> &nbsp;- Pre-trial, probation and parole issues</p><p style="margin-left: 80px;"> &nbsp;- Ease jail overcrowding</p><p style="margin-left: 40px;"> &nbsp;</p><h3 style="margin-left: 40px;"> <strong>Can a person easily take off the SCRAM?</strong></h3><p style="margin-left: 40px;"> &nbsp;</p><p style="margin-left: 40px;"> According to <a href="http://www.mtv.com/news/articles/1639923/20100524/lohan_lindsay.jhtml">one article</a> about the SCRAM, the bracelet is tamper-proof because there internal system in the bracelet alerts the manufacturer if there is &ldquo;an attempt to defeat&rdquo; the bracelet. This results in sentencing violations, possible extensions of using the bracelet, or fines.</p><p style="margin-left: 40px;"> &nbsp;</p><p style="margin-left: 40px;"> <img alt="SCRAM" src="/pix/scram3.jpg" style="width: 207px; height: 400px; margin: 3px;" />&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; <img alt="SCRAM" src="/pix/scram6.jpg" style="width: 125px; height: 408px; margin: 3px;" />&nbsp;&nbsp;</p><p style="margin-left: 40px;"> &nbsp;</p><p style="margin-left: 40px;"> There are several interesting blog posts about the SCRAM bracelet and how it <a href="http://dwi.austindefense.com/tags/scram-bracelet/">impacts a person&rsquo;s life</a>.</p><p style="margin-left: 40px;"> &nbsp;</p><p style="margin-left: 40px;"> <span style="font-size: 14px;"><em><strong>Do you know someone who has had to wear a SCRAM bracelet? What do you think about the SCRAM bracelet? Tell us your thoughts in the comment box below!</strong></em></span></p>10 Myths about Rehab and Addictionhttp://www.drugrehabtreatmenthelp.com/blog/10+Myths+about+Rehab+and+Addiction <p> &nbsp;</p><h3 style="margin-left: 40px;"> <strong>Myth #1: An addict has to hit rock bottom to get help.</strong></h3><p> &nbsp;</p><p style="margin-left: 40px;"> <img alt="myth of rehab, addiction" src="/pix/rock-bottom.jpg" style="width: 582px; height: 400px; margin: 3px;" /></p><p style="margin-left: 40px;"> <em>Photo courtesy of <a href="http://www.fulldhamaal.com">fulldhamaal.com</a></em></p><p style="margin-left: 40px;"> &nbsp;</p><p style="margin-left: 40px;"> Fact: Many experts, rehabs and treatment centers agree that an addict, alcoholic or drug abuser does not have to hit rock bottom for drug rehab to be effective. In fact, the sooner a person gets treatment the better. The earlier an addict goes to rehab, the less time they have using drugs and alcohol and the easier their recovery.</p><p> &nbsp;</p><p> &nbsp;</p><h3 style="margin-left: 40px;"> <strong>Myth #2: An addict has to voluntarily go to rehab for treatment to work. </strong></h3><p style="margin-left: 40px;"> &nbsp;</p><p style="margin-left: 40px;"> <img alt="myth of rehab, addiction" src="/pix/voluntary.jpg" style="width: 400px; height: 553px; margin: 3px;" /></p><p style="margin-left: 40px;"> <em>Photo courtesy of <a href="http://www.juancole.com/2008/07/mccain-and-rage-celebrities.html">juancole.com</a></em></p><p style="margin-left: 40px;"> &nbsp;</p><p style="margin-left: 40px;"> Fact: There are many addicts that are court-ordered to go to rehab, does that mean they won&rsquo;t get better? Absolutely not. When a person is addicted to drugs or alcohol, he is forsaking everything, including his own will, in order to find and do drugs. Therefore, when an addict goes to rehab, whether he chooses to or is forced to, it is the job of the rehabilitation center and the accompanying therapists and care workers to work with the addict, helping reveal his need to stop drugs and go through treatment.</p><p> &nbsp;</p><p> &nbsp;</p><h3 style="margin-left: 40px;"> <strong>Myth #3: Addiction is a choice.</strong></h3><p style="margin-left: 40px;"> &nbsp;</p><p style="margin-left: 40px;"> <img alt="myth of rehab, addiction" src="/pix/choice.jpg" style="width: 350px; height: 238px; margin: 3px;" /></p><p style="margin-left: 40px;"> <em>Photo courtesy of <a href="http://www.yourdrum.com/yourdrum/2007/11/what-the-expert.html">yourdrum.com</a></em></p><p style="margin-left: 40px;"> &nbsp;</p><p style="margin-left: 40px;"> Fact: Addiction is caused by a variety of factors including <a href="http://drugrehabtreatmenthelp.com/blog/Reason+for+Addiction+1%3A+Social+Context/">personal history, genetics</a>, etc. It is the choice of a person to take the first hit of a blunt or other drugs. However, depending on the above factors, a person can quickly become <a href="http://drugrehabtreatmenthelp.com/drug-and-alcohol-abuse-information/what-is-addiction/">addicted</a> to the drug and lose control that he/she has over the drive to use drugs or drink alcohol.</p><p> &nbsp;</p><h3> &nbsp;</h3><h3 style="margin-left: 40px;"> <strong>Myth #4: Being unable to quit drugs means the addict lacks willpower or desire to quit.</strong></h3><p style="margin-left: 40px;"> &nbsp;</p><p style="margin-left: 40px;"> <img alt="myth of rehab, addiction" src="/pix/willpower.jpg" style="width: 535px; height: 366px; margin: 3px;" /></p><p style="margin-left: 40px;"> <em>Photo courtesy of <a href="http://stray-notes.blogspot.com">stray-notes.blogspot.com</a></em></p><p style="margin-left: 40px; text-align: center;"> &nbsp;</p><p style="margin-left: 40px;"> Fact: This is still on of the most prevalent myths and misconceptions about an addict and his/her ability to control drug addiction. Family and friends of addicts often feel that the addict has control over his/her addiction because the person decided to take the drug in the first place. Because the loved ones are very emotionally involved and affected by the addict&rsquo;s actions, they have a strong desire to see the addict quit. However, when a person is addicted to a drug, it is often times (not all of the time) beyond the individual&rsquo;s control of whether or not he/she takes the drug. Every person is different and affected by addiction and drug abuse in a different way. However, there often needs to be a combination or therapy and supplemental drug therapy in order to wean an addict off drugs.</p><p> &nbsp;</p><p> &nbsp;</p><h3 style="margin-left: 40px;"> <strong>Myth #5: Addiction can be cured.</strong></h3><p style="margin-left: 40px;"> &nbsp;</p><p style="margin-left: 40px;"> Fact: The National Institute on Drug Abuse and other reputable institutions have classified drug and alcohol addiction as a chronic disease. This means addiction is much like heart disease or diabetes. While it is possible to effectively manage addiction and keep drug abuse at bay, it must be constantly managed to make sure addiction does not flare up.</p><p style="margin-left: 40px;"> &nbsp;</p><h3 style="margin-left: 40px;"> &nbsp;</h3><h3 style="margin-left: 40px;"> <strong>Myth #6: Medical insurance won&rsquo;t cover rehab costs.</strong></h3><p style="margin-left: 40px;"> &nbsp;</p><p style="margin-left: 40px;"> Fact: Many insurance plans cover drug and alcohol rehabilitation treatment. Specifics vary by policy and insurance carrier.</p><p style="margin-left: 40px;"> &nbsp;</p><h3 style="margin-left: 40px;"> &nbsp;</h3><h3 style="margin-left: 40px;"> <strong>Myth #7: There is only one-way to treat addiction.</strong></h3><p style="margin-left: 40px;"> &nbsp;</p><p style="margin-left: 40px;"> Fact: For every different type of drug, different type of human being, and different personal experiences, there are different ways to treat addiction. While there are several very influential and proven methods for helping rehabilitate and treat addicts, they do not always work. Therefore, if one type of treatment does not work for an addict, it is the most beneficial to try other treatments until the addict finds one that works for him/her.</p><p> &nbsp;</p><p> &nbsp;</p><h3 style="margin-left: 40px;"> <strong>Myth #8: All rehab and treatment programs are the same.</strong></h3><p> &nbsp;</p><p style="margin-left: 40px;"> <img alt="myth of rehab" src="/pix/same.jpg" style="width: 430px; height: 317px; margin: 3px;" /></p><p style="margin-left: 40px;"> <em>Photo courtsey of </em><a href="http://qaranc.co.uk">qaranc.co.uk</a></p><p style="margin-left: 40px; text-align: center;"> &nbsp;</p><p style="margin-left: 40px;"> Fact: There is a large variety of rehabilitation and treatment centers throughout the United States. Each rehab and treatment center functions in a different way, as there is no national standard of rehabilitation implementation. There are many certifications of authenticity that a rehab must go through to validate its practices and treatment programs.</p><p style="margin-left: 40px;"> &nbsp;</p><p style="margin-left: 40px;"> &nbsp;</p><h3 style="margin-left: 40px;"> <strong>Myth #9: Detox is the same thing as rehab.</strong></h3><p style="margin-left: 40px;"> &nbsp;</p><p style="margin-left: 40px;"> Fact: <a href="../../types-of-treatment/detox/">Detox</a> is the process when an addict stops taking drugs and alcohol long enough for the chemicals to exit the system. The body often goes through withdrawal symptoms when going through detox. Rehabilitation is the process that an addict goes through to treat his/her addiction, which typically includes counseling, group therapy, and medicinal therapy.</p><p style="margin-left: 40px;"> &nbsp;</p><h3> &nbsp;</h3><h3 style="margin-left: 40px;"> <strong>Myth #10: If a recovering addict relapses, they have to start back at day one.</strong></h3><p style="margin-left: 40px;"> &nbsp;</p><p style="margin-left: 40px;"> <img alt="myth of rehab, addiction" src="/pix/go.jpg" style="width: 452px; height: 260px; margin: 3px;" /></p><p style="margin-left: 40px;"> <em>Photo courtesy of <a href="http://thebsreport.wordpress.com">http://thebsreport.wordpress.com</a></em></p><p style="margin-left: 40px;"> &nbsp;</p><p style="margin-left: 40px;"> Fact: When a recovering addict relapses and does drugs again, he/she often feels very discouraged and like he/she is a failure. This is especially true for people who worked hard at staying sober for an extended period of time. After the person has a relapse, it can often feel like he/she must start from the beginning and all of the days of progress are lost. This is not true. In fact, it has been shown that the more people attempt to stay sober, even if they relapse, they increase their chances of staying sober. While the person does need to reexamine previous issues that may have lead to their relapse, psychologically the recovering addict does not have to beat him/herself up for losing the prior days of progress and sobriety because every day counts!</p>How to Deal with a Drug Addicthttp://www.drugrehabtreatmenthelp.com/blog/How+to+Deal+with+a+Drug+Addict <p> &nbsp;</p><p> Do you have an addict in your family? Are you constantly worrying about how to act around him? Do you worry about do something that will set him off on a drug or drinking binge? Maybe you have teenager who is using drugs. Do you question whether or not you should use tough love and kick her out? Is your only wish that you knew what to do to make them stop?</p><p style="margin-left: 40px;"> &nbsp;</p><p> Knowing what you and cannot do when dealing with an addict is one of the most difficult issues surrounding drug addiction and dealing with an addict. There are so many issues surrounding how to deal with an addict. How you act depends on whether of not he/she is high, how many bad experiences you have had in dealing with him/her, your emotions towards the person, wishing they would just stop, his/her emotions toward you. The issues seem endless and it is often difficult to know where to start and how to move forward. Below are some ways you can begin to learn how to deal with a drug addict.</p><p> &nbsp;</p><p> <strong>1. Put Yourself in His Shoes</strong></p><p> &nbsp;</p><p style="margin-left: 40px;"> It is probably true that the addict in your life has hurt you &ndash; a lot. However, it is important to have a foundation of knowledge about what addiction is and what it is like for your loved one to have an addiction. <a href="../../drug-and-alcohol-abuse-information/what-is-addiction/">Addiction</a> is a disease. This means the addict uses because he cannot control his impulse to seek and use the drug. His mind and body drive him to take drugs because they have grown physically and psychologically dependent on their effects.</p><p> &nbsp;</p><p style="margin-left: 40px;"> Think about why the person <a href="../../blog/Reason+for+Addiction+1%3A+Social+Context/">became an addict</a> in the first place. Reasons that lead to a person using drugs and becoming an addict include family history, personal life history, genetics, social environment, when the person started using, how often and how much they use. By trying to understand these aspects of the other person&rsquo;s life, it may help you emotionally distance yourself from the chaos of the addict&rsquo;s life. Realizing that there are factors, many of which may not have been within his power to control, that have helped lead him to addiction.</p><p> &nbsp;</p><p> <strong>2. Control Your Own Life</strong></p><p> &nbsp;</p><p style="margin-left: 40px;"> Many people dealing with addicts have control issues. Control is a reaction that the loved one exerts because she does not have any power over the addict or his actions. Nar-Anon or Al-Anon are groups based on the 12 step principles that deal with control and other issues resulting from dealing with an addict. Once you release trying to control the addict, your mind and body are freed to manage and control your own life. By controlling your own actions and taking care of yourself, you will feel like you have power over your life. This will help step away from the chaos of the addict&rsquo;s actions, which is when you feel out of control and want to exert control.</p><p> &nbsp;</p><p> <strong>3. Let</strong><strong> the Addict Take Care of Himself</strong></p><p> &nbsp;</p><p style="margin-left: 40px;"> When you take responsibility of your own actions, you begin to recognize the responsibility that other have to control their own lives. Within the control conversation, the concept of boundaries also arises. This is when you determine what you are willing and unwilling to give to the addict so that you feel like you are not being taken advantage of. This may mean you stop giving him money or kick him out of the house. This does not mean that you stop helping him, loving him, or seeking a solution to help him fight addiction. However, by setting boundaries for your own life, you are better capable of dealing with the situation in a rational and even-tempered manner. More importantly, taking control of your own life demands that the other person take responsibility for himself.</p><p> &nbsp;</p><p> These are just a few suggestions that begin the thinking on how to deal with an addict. It is by no means the complete picture or the only steps that you have to take for your friend or family member to stop using drugs. Often times, what is more important than getting the addict help, is to first get your own life under control so you can effectively and ably help the addict in his or her own issues, not yours as well.</p>Jerry Lewis Wants to Slap the Addiction Out of Lindsay Lohanhttp://www.drugrehabtreatmenthelp.com/blog/Jerry+Lewis+Wants+to+Slap+the+Addiction+Out+of+Lindsay+Lohan <p> &nbsp;</p><p> Although this happened in early September, we thought we would once again bring out this interview with comedian Jerry Lewis, who said he would smack Lindsay Lohan across the mouth and send her to rehab and would do the same thing to Lindsay Lohan.</p><p> &nbsp;</p><p style="text-align: center;"> <object height="385" width="480"><param name="movie" value="http://www.youtube.com/v/DHQafvGzrbg?fs=1&amp;hl=en_US" /><param name="allowFullScreen" value="true" /><param name="allowscriptaccess" value="always" /><embed allowfullscreen="true" allowscriptaccess="always" height="385" src="http://www.youtube.com/v/DHQafvGzrbg?fs=1&amp;hl=en_US" type="application/x-shockwave-flash" width="480"></embed></object></p><p> &nbsp;</p><p> Ouch.</p>Celebrity Anti-Drug PSAs Send New Signal to Teens about Drug Abusehttp://www.drugrehabtreatmenthelp.com/blog/Celebrity+Anti-Drug+PSAs+Send+New+Signal+to+Teens+about+Drug+Abuse <p> &nbsp;</p><p> The <a href="http://www.sundtmemorial.org/site/c.eeIGLNOrGnF/b.3041213/k.BD22/Home.htm">Sundt Memorial Foundation</a> is the nonprofit behind the Natural High Movement &ndash; a DVD series aimed at presenting drug education and awareness to teens in a fun and inspiring way. According to <a href="http://www.naturalhigh.org/">Natural High&rsquo;s</a> website, their anti-drug DVDs and celebrity public service announcements have been given to over 110,000 schools in the US.</p><p> &nbsp;</p><p style="text-align: center;"> <object height="385" width="640"><param name="movie" value="http://www.youtube.com/v/RF-Rfoq-NEQ?fs=1&amp;hl=en_US" /><param name="allowFullScreen" value="true" /><param name="allowscriptaccess" value="always" /><embed allowfullscreen="true" allowscriptaccess="always" height="385" src="http://www.youtube.com/v/RF-Rfoq-NEQ?fs=1&amp;hl=en_US" type="application/x-shockwave-flash" width="640"></embed></object></p><p> &nbsp;</p><p> Several celebrities including Lauren Conrad, musician Cassadee Pope and many more have also joined the Natural High team to make 3 to 5 minute PSAs talking about where they come from, what inspires them, and why they don&rsquo;t do drugs. Celebrities typically always generate publicity for an organization. So, it is nice to see celebrities coming out against drug abuse, when so many are the in the news inadvertently doing the opposite by getting arrested.</p><p> &nbsp;</p><p style="text-align: center;"> <object height="385" width="640"><param name="movie" value="http://www.youtube.com/v/8Ue6IWrkPE4?fs=1&amp;hl=en_US" /><param name="allowFullScreen" value="true" /><param name="allowscriptaccess" value="always" /><embed allowfullscreen="true" allowscriptaccess="always" height="385" src="http://www.youtube.com/v/8Ue6IWrkPE4?fs=1&amp;hl=en_US" type="application/x-shockwave-flash" width="640"></embed></object></p><p> &nbsp;</p><p style="text-align: center;"> We look forward to watching Natural High&rsquo;s progress as they continue to educate kids about drugs and addiction!</p>How to Detox From Drugs, Yourself!http://www.drugrehabtreatmenthelp.com/blog/How+to+Detox+From+Drugs%2C+Yourself%21 <p> &nbsp;</p><p> News of Lindsay Lohan&rsquo;s struggle with drug abuse and ongoing check-in and checkout of rehab is just one hyper-example of the constant battle an addict goes through when trying to get clean. However, unlike Lindsay, many addicts who are not arrested or convicted of drug related crimes want to check into a rehabilitation or treatment center, but don&rsquo;t have the money. Thus, the person must attempt to quit on her own. In fact, the majority of people stop using drugs on their own, without going to rehab or a medical treatment center. If you are one of these lone rangers attempting to stop doing drugs by yourself, you have to have a plan of what you are going to do during your detox and how you are going to stay on track. Knowing how to detox yourself and detoxify your body from drugs and/or alcohol is a key part of this plan.</p><p> &nbsp;</p><p> <em><span style="font-size: 14px;"><span style="background-color: rgb(255, 160, 122);">Here are some basic steps on how to plan your </span><span style="background-color: rgb(255, 160, 122);">detox</span><span style="background-color: rgb(255, 160, 122);">:</span></span></em></p><p> &nbsp;</p><h2> <strong>1. Write Down Your Reasons for Detoxing </strong></h2><p> &nbsp;</p><p style="margin-left: 40px;"> It is important to literally write down the reasons why you are going to stop using drugs and begin a sober life by detoxifying your body. This is important for two reasons; the first is you are required to recognize how your drug abuse has effected your life, your family, etc. Secondly, you are confirming to yourself the purpose of your detox.</p><p style="margin-left: 40px;"> &nbsp;</p><p style="margin-left: 40px;"> By writing down the reasons why you are quitting drugs, you are also creating a tool that you can use when you are going through a particularly rough moment or day and have a craving. By reading this list, you can remind yourself the reasons you quit and can strengthen your commitment to the detox process.</p><p> &nbsp;</p><h2> <strong>2. Pace Yourself by Knowing the Drug&rsquo;s Withdrawal Effects</strong></h2><p> &nbsp;</p><p style="margin-left: 40px;"> As noted by Peter McDermott in his 1993 guide to <a href="http://www.erowid.org/psychoactives/addiction/addiction_info1.shtml">Do-It-Yourself Detox</a>, every drug has different effects and difference withdrawal symptoms that will impact your body once you start your detox. Every person withdrawals in different ways, depending on body chemistry, how long you have used and how much you have used.</p><p style="margin-left: 40px;"> &nbsp;</p><p style="margin-left: 40px;"> List all of the drugs you have been using, ranking them in order of which you have the worst problem. McDermott notes that depending on the drug, it may be advantageous for you to gradually stop using a particular drug with the help of a medical profession. So, if you are addicted to a high dose of prescription drugs, you can talk to your doctor about the best way to ensure sustainable success and to holistically ease off the drug. Going cold turkey may end up causing very intense withdrawal symptoms and a quick relapse.</p><p style="margin-left: 40px;"> &nbsp;</p><p style="margin-left: 40px;"> You may want to know the potential symptoms that you will be experiencing. You can find them <a href="../../signs/drug-alcohol-addiction-symptoms/">here</a>. By understanding more of what you will be going through during detox, you can mentally prepare yourself for what is to come. This helps you set reasonable expectations on the pace of your detox.</p><p> &nbsp;</p><h2> <strong>Warning: Typical Withdrawal Symptom: Depression</strong></h2><p> &nbsp;</p><p style="margin-left: 40px;"> The process of drug addiction and drug withdrawal is based on your brain&rsquo;s production and lack of <a href="../../drug-and-alcohol-abuse-information/what-is-addiction/">production of dopamine</a>. When going through detox and getting your brain off of drugs, one of the biggest withdrawal symptoms is <a href="../../blog/Depression+After+Quitting/">depression</a>. It is important to know that this is part of the detox process. Also, your depression may not go away for a very long time. Even when you do activities that are supposed to make you feel happy, you may still feel depressed. Don&rsquo;t let this discourage you. While you are off of drugs, your brain is repairing itself, enabling you to create more dopamine without the help of drugs. Eventually, you will be able to naturally stimulate your brain without drugs and your depression will fade.&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;</p><p> &nbsp;</p><h2> <strong>3. A Supportive Community Helps Ensure Success</strong></h2><p> &nbsp;</p><p style="margin-left: 40px;"> A supportive community to help you through really intense moments is key to a successful detox and <a href="../../drug-and-alcohol-abuse-information/overcoming-addiction/">long-term sobriety</a>. Depending on the type of drug you are stopping, you should notify your doctor. You should also notify your friends and family members that you are quitting. This is so they know what is going on and why you may not be answering your phone for a while. Their encouragement and positive support will also help you mentally get past hard moments.</p><p style="margin-left: 40px;"> &nbsp;</p><p style="margin-left: 40px;"> Although some people do not like AA or other 12-step groups, especially before, during, and after detox, 12-step groups are great resources as an activity to fill your time and for a community of people who know what you are going through.</p><p style="margin-left: 40px;"> &nbsp;</p><p style="margin-left: 40px;"> Another key to note about the people around you while going through detox is that it is best to be clear of any responsibilities for at least two weeks. This is especially key if you are detoxing from major drugs like heroin or narcotics. If you have children, find a way to have grandparents or a trusted-reliable friend take care of them. This way, you do not have to worry about taking care of them and can focus on getting healthy.</p><p> &nbsp;</p><h2> <strong>4. Prepare Yourself for Detox</strong></h2><p> &nbsp;</p><p style="margin-left: 40px;"> McDermott gives these suggestions to prepare for your detox:</p><p> &nbsp;</p><ol style="margin-left: 40px;"> <li> Pick a specific time you will stop. It could be in the near <em>or </em>far future. However, this gives you a date to mentally prepare yourself.</li> <li> Set aside money to give yourself non-drug related treats while going through the difficult detox and withdrawal period.</li> <li> Find a comfortable place to detox.</li> <li> Keep a diary to write down how you feel. This helps you express your pain, charts how you feel, and can be a good reflection tool in the future.</li></ol><p> &nbsp;</p><h2> <strong>How long does detox last?</strong></h2><p> &nbsp;</p><p style="margin-left: 40px;"> The length of your detox depends on the type of drug you have used and how long you have used it. Although the first 1 to 3 weeks you may have severe withdrawal symptoms, detoxification is a continual process. Initially it is a physical process. However, detox is also a physiological and psychological process as well.</p><p> &nbsp;</p><p> <em>Click here for more suggestions on what you can do to <a href="../../blog/How+to+Prevent+Relapse+/">help your detoxification</a>.</em></p><p> &nbsp;</p><p> <em>Major Source: <a href="http://www.erowid.org/psychoactives/addiction/addiction_info1.shtml">Peter McDermott</a>. 1993. McDermott&#39;s Guide to Do-It-Yourself Detox. Lifeline Project.</em></p>Lindsay Lohan's Goes to Rehab Again but For Realhttp://www.drugrehabtreatmenthelp.com/blog/Lindsay+Lohan%27s+Goes+to+Rehab+Again+but+For+Real <p> &nbsp;</p><p> The latest on Lohan, according to TMZ, is that she will be going to a rehabilitation facility in Southern California and will stay until her October 22 court date. Lohan will <em>not </em>be going to Promises Treatment Center. She has attended Promises in the past.</p><p> &nbsp;</p><p> Having been released from jail on bail (which includes wearing a SCRAM ankle bracelet to track and monitor consumption), she has since visited a homeless shelter in Los Angeles and checked herself into a rehabilitation clinic. Besides her drug charges, there have been reports surrounding Lindsay&rsquo;s life including the <a href="http://edition.cnn.com/2010/CRIME/09/27/celebrity.lawyer.lohan.holley/?hpt=Sbin">publicity of her lawyer</a>, continuing <a href="http://www.tmz.com/2010/09/26/lindsay-lohan-michael-lohan-shawn-chapman-hollley-threatening-voicemail-message-jail-court-rehab/">issues with her father</a>, <a href="http://www.tmz.com/2010/09/23/dina-lohan-owes-unpaid-judgement-money-tony-almeida-lindsay-lohan-bodyguard-milk-etrade-lawsuit/">lawsuits by former bodyguards</a> and pictures of her reportedly with a needle and kissing Paris Hilton.</p>Will Lindsay Lohan rake in millions by pulling a Joaquin Phoenix?http://www.drugrehabtreatmenthelp.com/blog/Will+Lindsay+Lohan+rake+in+millions+by+pulling+a+Joaquin+Phoenix%3F <p> &nbsp;</p><p> If you don&rsquo;t remember (aka you don&rsquo;t read celebrity gossip blogs and don&rsquo;t like movie reviews), let me refresh your memory by telling you about Joaquin Phoenix. JP was an exceptionally talented actor from a family of performers, most notably, his brother, the late actor River Phoenix. Joaquin had marvelous performances in movies like <em>Gladiator</em> and <em>Walk the Line</em>, to name a few. Then, last year after completing production of the movie <em>Two Lovers</em>, Joaquin went awall. He quit acting, stopped taking showers, and told fans that he was solely devoted to developing his rap career (which needed a lot a lot of development, ask <a href="http://rapfix.mtv.com/2010/09/10/actor-joaquin-phoenix-taps-diddy-for-debut-rap-lp/">Diddy</a>). The epitome of his WTF decision was an appearance on the David Letterman show:</p><p> &nbsp;</p><p style="text-align: center;"> <object height="385" width="480"><param name="movie" value="http://www.youtube.com/v/AuO75_hJgCQ?fs=1&amp;hl=en_US" /><param name="allowFullScreen" value="true" /><param name="allowscriptaccess" value="always" /><embed allowfullscreen="true" allowscriptaccess="always" height="385" src="http://www.youtube.com/v/AuO75_hJgCQ?fs=1&amp;hl=en_US" type="application/x-shockwave-flash" width="480"></embed></object></p><p> &nbsp;</p><p> He was crazy. It was sad &ndash; we had lost one of the few truly brilliant actors of our day. How could this happen? What caused him to go out of his mind? Some might go as far as calling his changes a skeptical. And indeed it was.</p><p> &nbsp;</p><p> Phoenix and co-creator Casey Affleck recently premiered their new movie, <em>Still Here</em>. The movie chronicles, you guessed it, Phoenix&rsquo;s digression into crazy town. And, you also guessed it, Joaquin&rsquo;s &ldquo;I&rsquo;m quitting acting&rdquo; shenanigans was all for the sake of the role and the movie.</p><p style="text-align: center;"> &nbsp;</p><p style="text-align: center;"> <object height="385" width="640"><param name="movie" value="http://www.youtube.com/v/WEI4LUqhfn8?fs=1&amp;hl=en_US" /><param name="allowFullScreen" value="true" /><param name="allowscriptaccess" value="always" /><embed allowfullscreen="true" allowscriptaccess="always" height="385" src="http://www.youtube.com/v/WEI4LUqhfn8?fs=1&amp;hl=en_US" type="application/x-shockwave-flash" width="640"></embed></object></p><p> &nbsp;</p><h2> <strong>How does Joaquin Phoenix apply to Lindsay Lohan?</strong></h2><p> &nbsp;</p><p> The Joaquin Phoenix episode applies to Lindsay Lohan in two ways.</p><p> &nbsp;</p><p> First, when Lohan failed her two mandatory drug tests, producers of the movie <em>Inferno</em>, in which Lohan leads as porn star Linda Lovelace, said they are &ldquo;standing by Lindsay.&rdquo; The director also says that, despite the fact that Lohan could be going to jail again, he will wait for her. The question is then, why are they being so nice? Aren&rsquo;t these people losing money from Lindsay not being able to work? The answer: no. In fact, they are hoping her drama will rake in millions for Inferno. How can this be?</p><p> &nbsp;</p><p> <img alt="Lindsay Lohan" src="/pix/Linds.jpg" style="width: 200px; height: 300px; border-width: 2px; border-style: solid; margin: 4px; float: right;" /></p><p> There literally been millions of articles written about Lindsay&rsquo;s drama over the last few months. Every day there is something new that she has done or hasn&rsquo;t done that will get her in jail or piss off her father. And in the majority of these articles, when talking about her pending future, who is quoted? The &ldquo;we stand by Lindsay&rdquo; <em>Inferno</em> people. Cha-ching!</p><p> &nbsp;</p><p> Lindsay Lohan and her spell with drugs and the law have put what could have been a straight-to-DVD classic on the map. Just to see Lindsay&rsquo;s first movie after jail, people are going to go see the biopic, even if it is horrible.</p><p> &nbsp;</p><p> The second question that should be asked is, Is Lindsay pulling a Joaquin Phoenix for this Lovelace roll? <a href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Linda_Lovelace">Linda Lovelace</a> became famous because of her work in the 1972 film <em>Deep Throat. </em>Her story starts with marrying a misogynist who became her pimp and forced her to act in pornographic films at gunpoint. She later became addicted to cocaine and amphetamines and then had a career in anti-pornography activism.</p><p> &nbsp;</p><p> Is Lohan doing &ldquo;research&rdquo; on what it is like to be a tormented, drug-addicted movie star who is forced to have a career she doesn&rsquo;t want? Lohan imitating Lovelace&rsquo;s experiences might be stretching the genius of her &ldquo;research&rdquo; a bit too far. But, if pulling a &ldquo;Joaquin Phoenix&rdquo; and researching a &ldquo;character&rdquo; so far that it becomes the actor&rsquo;s actual life becomes a Hollywood meme, it could be the perfect excuse for the Hollywood starlet - especially if it keeps <em>Inferno</em> as widely talked about as <em>Still Here.</em></p>Conclusion Number One of the Lohan Saga - She likes drugshttp://www.drugrehabtreatmenthelp.com/blog/Conclusion+Number+One+of+the+Lohan+Saga+-+She+likes+drugs <p> &nbsp;</p><p> So far we&rsquo;ve got Lohan failed two mandatory drug tests, tweeted about it, partied it up the same night, and attended AA meetings the next day. Producers of her new movie, Inferno (as if you haven&rsquo;t heard that straight-to-video-blockbuster-title 500 million times already) &ldquo;stand behind her.&rdquo; (Besides, this whole saga is probably Lindsay pulling a Joaquin Phoenix and doing research for the project.) Finally, because of Lindsay&rsquo;s failed drug tests, the new judge on her case, Elden Fox, has <a href="http://www.dailymail.co.uk/tvshowbiz/article-1313741/Lindsay-Lohan-probation-revoked-bench-warrant-issued-arrest.html">revoked her probation and there is a warrant out for her arrest</a>.&nbsp;&nbsp; <img alt="Lindsay Lohan" src="/pix/lindsay_lohan.jpg" style="width: 200px; height: 308px; border-width: 10px; border-style: solid; margin: 6px; float: right;" /></p><p> &nbsp;</p><p> Based on this evidence (getting real technical here), we can conclude that:</p><p> &nbsp;</p><h2> <strong>Major Conclusion #1: Lohan knows what she&rsquo;s doing and only has a twinge of guilt because of the Wicked Witch of the West. </strong></h2><p> &nbsp;</p><p> <em>(I know! I know! Horrible mothers reading this, I hate to believe it too! But you are going to have to start being role models to your own daughters now.) (<a href="http://rush.popsugar.tv/Video-Dina-Lohan-Today-Show-Talking-About-Lindsay-10184736">Unless Dina is yours.</a>)</em></p><p> &nbsp;</p><p> We see Lindsay has either a serious addiction or just likes doing drugs. (Can you have one without the other?) Like a good rehab patient, she recognizes that she has a problem or recognizes that she needs to recognize that there is a problem &ndash; the latter being a typical starting point for many substance abusers. But, because she is the breadwinner for her family, she does whatever she wants anyway. <span style="background-color: rgb(255, 255, 0);">(This is the point in a typical drug addict&rsquo;s life where the addict gets kicked out of her mom&rsquo;s house.)</span> After her 3,156,987<sup>th</sup> &ldquo;I got so drunk but had some insane conversations with some truly awesome people&rdquo; night of partying, Lindsay probably had nightmares about the <a href="http://www.hollywoodlife.com/2010/07/08/lindsay-lohan-judge-marsha-revel-dui-90-days-jail-scram-bracelet/">wicked witch of the Beverly Hills municipal court</a> (not the actual court) and woke up in a panic. So she thought she would do some preemptive work to lessen Fox&rsquo;s scorn by going to a couple AA meetings. Latest update: <a href="../../blog/Warrant+Out+for+Lindsay%E2%80%99s+Arrest/">that didn&rsquo;t fly with the newbie</a>.</p><p> &nbsp;</p><p> <img alt="Lindsay Lohan" src="/pix/l2.jpg" style="width: 150px; height: 226px; border-width: 3px; border-style: solid; margin: 3px; float: left;" /> Lohan&rsquo;s saga exemplifies several classic problems concerning the justice system, drug abuse, and rehabilitation centers. First, it has been proven that sentencing nonviolent criminals to jail time rather than rehabilitation or mental health care <a href="http://www.timesdaily.com/article/20100919/ARTICLES/309199980/1011/NEWS?Title=Lawmaker-advocates-prison-alternative">does nothing for the offender and is a total waste of taxpayer money</a>.<span style="background-color: rgb(255, 255, 255);"> </span><span style="font-size: 12px;"><span style="background-color: rgb(255, 255, 255);">Court systems, lay off sentencing celebrities jail time, or all nonviolent drug-related offenders for that matter. </span></span><span style="background-color: rgb(255, 255, 255);">It does nothing but perpetuate a horribly expensive, inefficient, and meaningless way of helping addicts and bringing people to &ldquo;justice&rdquo;.</span></p><p> &nbsp;</p><p> Second, the idea that <a href="http://www.hbo.com/addiction/understanding_addiction/16_myths_of_addiction.html">an addict needs to admit that she has a problem</a> before she can kick addiction is a fallacy. Yes, this needs to happen in order to have long-term recovery, but it is the job of a psychologist to work with the person to help her get to this place. However, this can only happen if there is trust between the patient and the psychologist. So the therapist can&rsquo;t be selling stories or being a &ldquo;source&rdquo; to media outlets. (I haven&rsquo;t heard that, I&rsquo;m just saying.)&nbsp; <img alt="Lindsay Lohan" src="/pix/l1.jpg" style="width: 125px; height: 167px; border-width: 3px; border-style: solid; margin: 4px; float: right;" /></p><p> &nbsp;</p><p> Third, ultimately, a person will never recover from addiction is she doesn&rsquo;t buy into a supportive, drug-free community that will give her support and where she can, in return, give support to others. Instead of AA, Lindsay is still fully invested in the partying scene. Even if she wanted to get involved in a sober community, with her attention-drawing mug, it is questionable whether or not she could ever be open and honest with a group of random alcoholics and struggling coke addicts like herself, celebrities, or normal people.&nbsp;&nbsp;</p><p> &nbsp;</p><h2> <strong>Coming tomorrow&hellip; </strong></h2><h2> <strong>Major Conclusion #2: Lindsay is pulling a Joaquin Phoenix. </strong></h2>Warrant Out for Lindsay's Arresthttp://www.drugrehabtreatmenthelp.com/blog/Warrant+Out+for+Lindsay%27s+Arrest <p> &nbsp;</p><p> The new judge on Lindsay Lohan&rsquo;s case, Elden Fox, is picking up the pressure on Lohan right where <a href="../../blog/Courts+Take+Advantage+of+Lindsay+Lohan%3A+Jail+Sentence+was+Unfair/">Revel left off</a>. According to TMZ, Judge Fox has issued the warrant because of Lindsay&rsquo;s failure to pass two mandatory drug tests. The tests were positive for cocaine in one instance and amphetamines in the second. According to the <a href="http://www.dailymail.co.uk/tvshowbiz/article-1313741/Lindsay-Lohan-probation-revoked-bench-warrant-issued-arrest.html">Daily Mail</a>, the failure of one drug test equals 30 days in jail.</p><p> &nbsp;</p><p> Her court date is set for <a href="http://www.tmz.com/2010/09/20/lindsay-lohan-failed-drug-test-cocaine-probation-revoked-bench-warrant/">8:30am, this Friday</a>, September 24.</p>What Does a Probation Violation Mean for TI?http://www.drugrehabtreatmenthelp.com/blog/What+Does+a+Probation+Violation+Mean+for+TI%3F <p> &nbsp;</p><p> Rapper T.I. was arrested and convicted on drug possession charges earlier this month. <img alt="TI arrested, substance possession" src="/pix/tiny.jpg" style="width: 200px; height: 181px; border-width: 3px; border-style: solid; margin: 4px; float: right;" />The most recent news about the case is that an Atlanta judge has summoned T.I. to return from Los Angeles to Atlanta in order to account for his possible violations of possession, testing positive for opiates, and association with a felon.&nbsp; All of these convictions have varied potential consequences, which is up to the discretion of the judge (<a href="../../blog/Courts+Take+Advantage+of+Lindsay+Lohan%3A+Jail+Sentence+was+Unfair/" target="_blank">much like Lindsay Lohan&rsquo;s case</a>). This could range from going back to jail, fines, or an extended probation.</p><p> &nbsp;</p><p> <img alt="TI arrested" src="/pix/TI.jpg" style="width: 180px; height: 298px; border-width: 3px; border-style: solid; margin: 4px; float: left;" />T.I. has had a tumultuous journey beginning in 1998 with a violation of controlled substance act and other various probation violations including illegal arms and illegal substance possession. T.I. has gone through <a href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/T.I." target="_blank">several stints with the state</a> for lack of community service, testifying in murder cases, to his recent arrest for drug possession. His wife, <a href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tameka_Cottle" target="_blank">Tameka Cottle</a>, was also arrested this past September.&nbsp;</p><p> &nbsp;</p><p> T.I. has a deep resume including multi-platinum albums, CEO of the record label, Grand Hustle Records, and many movie credits to his name. Most recently, T.I. was executive produced and starred in the movie, <em><a href="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=SicGk3-bP58">The Takers</a></em>. Also starring Matt Dillon, Paul Walker, Chris Brown, and Zoe Saldana, the movie hit #1 at the box office opening weekend. T.I. has also done philanthropic and community work with Hurricane Katrina victims and the Boys and Girls Clubs in the Atlanta, Georgia.</p>Courts Take Advantage of Lindsay Lohan: Jail Sentence was Unfairhttp://www.drugrehabtreatmenthelp.com/blog/Courts+Take+Advantage+of+Lindsay+Lohan%3A+Jail+Sentence+was+Unfair <p> &nbsp;</p><p> Videos of Lindsay Lohan&rsquo;s time in court make it seem as if Judge Marsha Revel had a vendetta against Lohan - wielding control over Lindsay&rsquo;s compliance with court stipulations with forceful language and demanding for a straight yes or no answer. Although not for this specific reason, Revel was working behind Lohan&rsquo;s back for some reason.&nbsp; <img alt="Lindsay Lohan Jail" src="/pix/Jail2.jpg" style="width: 300px; height: 306px; border-width: 4px; border-style: solid; margin: 4px; float: right;" /></p><p> &nbsp;</p><p> <a href="http://latimesblogs.latimes.com/lanow/2010/08/judge-recuses-herself-from-lindsay-lohan-case.html">Judge Revel recused herself</a> from Lohan&rsquo;s case because she met with the prosecutor and experts like <a href="http://www.morningsiderecovery.com/">Morningside Recovery drug and alcohol treatment center</a> without Lohan&rsquo;s lawyer present. The reason why Judge Revel met with these people without contacting Lohan&rsquo;s counsel has not been investigated. However, Lohan and her lawyer requested a change of rehab venue to the UCLA Medical Center, who have concluded that she is not a drug addict and released her from inpatient care early.</p><p> &nbsp;</p><p> In the world of celebrity news, Lindsay&rsquo;s current status is well known. But we wanted to take her treatment in court a little further by investigating what is &ldquo;typical&rdquo; for a person to get sentenced for two DUIs and violating probation. Did Lohan get the same treatment of most offenders? Or is Lindsay Lohan&rsquo;s sentence and court scrutiny overblown and unfair?</p><p> &nbsp;</p><h3> <strong>Offence: 1 DUI (Driving Under the Influence)</strong></h3><h3> <strong>Standard DUI sentence:</strong></h3><p> &nbsp;</p><p> The type of sentence a person can get for a DUI ranges from incarceration, fines, community service, restitution, suspension, revocation of the driver&rsquo;s license to checking into a rehabilitation program.</p><p> &nbsp;</p><p> According to DUI attorney, Lawrence Taylor, the type of sentence you get depends on the evidence presented in court. The collection of this evidence is dependent on the discretion of the police officer that administers field sobriety tests. The officer determines whether you are under the influence and writes and submits your offenses to the court. Secondly, the judge of the case takes this evidence and determines the severity of the sentence. There have been <a href="http://www.duiblog.com/2010/08/23/judges-influenced-by-revenues-from-dui-convictions/">court case and reports</a> about how a judge&rsquo;s conviction of an offender is influenced by the judge&rsquo;s potential for reappointment by a municipality. This is because if the judge convicts more DUI offenders, the municipality gets more money.</p><p> &nbsp;</p><p> DUI cases are very very complex and there are too many details to fully explore for this article. However, one important and interesting determinate of the severity of a sentence is that, &ldquo;The drunk driving laws make it a criminal offense to drive a vehicle while under the influence of alcohol (DUI) or while having a blood-alcohol concentration (BAC) of .08% or higher. It is not, however, a criminal offense to be under the influence or to have a BAC of .08% while taking a breath test in a police station an hour or two <em>afte</em>r driving.&rdquo; (<a href="http://www.duiblog.com/">Lawrence Taylor, Jun 9, 2010</a>) Once again, this depends on how the interaction between the police and offender and what types of tests the offender has done to determine his/her alcohol level.</p><p> <img alt="Lindsay Lohan jail" src="/pix/Jail.jpg" style="width: 350px; height: 269px; border-width: 4px; border-style: solid; margin: 4px; float: left;" /></p><h3> &nbsp;</h3><h3> <strong>Offence: 2 DUIs </strong></h3><h3> <strong>Standard DUI sentence:</strong></h3><p> &nbsp;</p><p> Not only are the issues from the first DUI taken into account, when a person gets DUI number 2, there are increased penalties that are essentially more of the same. Every state has a different way of evaluating these cases and different consequences. For example, <a href="http://www.cor.mt.gov/content/Issues/DUIFactSheet2.pdf">in Montana</a>, the department of corrections found that, out of 2,569 offenders, only 19% had two convictions. Out of these 2,569 offenders, first and second timers, only 8% when to prison. In California, there the repercussions are more severe and include a combination of <a href="http://www.kandblaw.com/penalty_chart.html">several penalties</a>.</p><p> &nbsp;</p><h3> <strong>Probation violation &ndash; </strong></h3><h3> <strong>Standard sentence for second DUI: </strong></h3><p> &nbsp;</p><p> According to a <a href="http://www.shouselaw.com/dui-probation.html">DUI consultant</a>, if an offender violates his/her probation by not attending alcohol classes or not being on time to meet with his/her probation officer, the judge may revoke probation and sentence the person to jail. In Lindsay Lohan&rsquo;s case the judge sentenced her to 90 days in jail for this violation.</p><p> &nbsp;</p><p> There are several other intricacies of Lohan&rsquo;s case that are too lengthy to be explored here. They include ordering a person to wear an alcohol anklet bracelet (SCRAM), how much time a person is typically ordered to stay in a rehabilitation program, and the penalty for not passing a drug test.</p><p> &nbsp;</p><p> By breaking Lindsay&rsquo;s sentencing down, we can see that although Judge Revel&rsquo;s sentencing may not have been over and above what the law says is a valid punishment, she definitely gave Lindsay the MAXIMUM of every penalty she could think of. Only time will tell if the new judge put on Lohan&rsquo;s case will continue to treat her as a top offender or a more normal person.</p>Intense Rehab Schedule Keeps Lohan from SNLhttp://www.drugrehabtreatmenthelp.com/blog/Intense+Rehab+Schedule+Keeps+Lohan+from+SNL <p> &nbsp;</p><p> When talking about Lindsay Lohan&rsquo;s potential post-jail appearances on Oprah, The Today Show, and Saturday Night Light, a <a href="http://www.hotmommagossip.com/2010/09/13/saturday-night-live-lining-up-lindsay-lohan-as-guest-host/">celebrity gossip blog</a> noted that Lohan&rsquo;s cannot make these appearances until at least November 1<sup>st</sup>. This is because of her intense rehabilitation schedule of four psychotherapy sessions, two addiction counseling sessions, five 12-step meetings every week, plus random drug testing twice a week. <img alt="Lindsay Lohan, rehab, overcoming addiction" src="/pix/LL.jpg" style="width: 200px; height: 150px; border-width: 3px; border-style: solid; margin: 4px; float: left;" /></p><p> &nbsp;</p><p> There are several <a href="../../drug-and-alcohol-abuse-information/overcoming-addiction/">keys to overcoming addiction</a>. Two of them are accountability and a supportive community. To have the most success, the two must go together. A supportive community helps an addict deal with his/her issues honestly and realistically. It should also be a non-judgmental space, so the person feels safe to communicate what they are feeling. When this trust is developed, the community can empower the addict to utilize the skills learned in treatment. If the addict bonds with the people in the community and that she is taken care of and can contribute to other people&rsquo;s recovery, he/she will more likely receive the group&rsquo;s advice, accountability and want to impress them with her ability to recover. <img alt="Lindsay Lohan, snl, overcoming addiction" src="/pix/snl.jpg" style="width: 150px; height: 85px; border-width: 3px; border-style: solid; margin: 3px; float: right;" /></p><p> &nbsp;</p><p> According to Lohan&rsquo;s rehab to-do list, it appears that she has the accountability part down, which will help facilitate a quick recovery. However, a supportive, non-judgmental community that she can be open and honest with might be harder to come by.</p>The Circle of Addictionhttp://www.drugrehabtreatmenthelp.com/blog/The+Circle+of+Addiction <h3> &nbsp;</h3><h3> <span style="background-color: rgb(175, 238, 238);">Drug Addiction = Food Addiction = Porn Addiction</span></h3><p> &nbsp;</p><p> Compare research done on the chemical make up of drugs, how they affect the brain, how they make people addicted, how addiction manifests in people&rsquo;s individuals lives and you&rsquo;ll find the same process. No matter what a person&rsquo;s addiction, drug addiction, sex or porn addiction, food addiction or eating disorders, all are <a href="http://www.time.com/time/health/article/0,8599,1977604,00.html" target="_blank">fundamentally connected</a> to the same physiological process.&nbsp;&nbsp;</p><h3> &nbsp;</h3><h3> <strong><span style="background-color: rgb(175, 238, 238);">Definition of Addiction</span></strong></h3><p> &nbsp;</p><p> There are several ways you can begin to break down addiction. Writer <a href="http://www.associatedcontent.com/article/386257/all_addictions_create_similar_brain.html?cat=71" target="_blank">Larry R. Miller</a> writes the similarities between different addictions in terms of the scans done on brains of addicts. He notes,</p><p> &nbsp;</p><p style="margin-left: 40px;"> &ldquo;Brain scans show that obese people and drug addicts have very similar brains. By overindulging, in the normal sense of the word, their addiction makes them feel good because they fuel the receptors with sufficient amounts of their chosen substance to trigger the release of dopamine into the system.&rdquo;</p><p> &nbsp;</p><p> <img alt="addiction" src="/pix/Circle.jpg" style="width: 400px; height: 265px; border-width: 3px; border-style: solid; margin: 8px; float: left;" /></p><p> &nbsp;</p><p> &nbsp;</p><p> These brain scans are the evidence that has contributed to doctors&rsquo; <strong><a href="../../drug-and-alcohol-abuse-information/what-is-addiction/" target="_blank">definition of addiction</a></strong> as a chronic disease. The use of drugs [food, porn, heroin, etc.] change the structure of the brain and what it needs to function. At first, this causes the person to become physically dependent on the rush of dopamine that his/her drug of choice gives to them when they take a hit, eat 10 cheeseburgers, or look at pornography. However, this drug becomes addictive when the person seeks to use the drug, despite the harm that it may cause him/herself or others around them. Examples of this abound in every addiction, from stealing from parents for a hit of meth, becoming obese and getting heart disease, to an ending marriage because of obsessive use of pornography.&nbsp;&nbsp;</p><p> &nbsp;</p><p> &nbsp;</p><p> &nbsp;</p><h3> <strong><span style="background-color: rgb(175, 238, 238);">How a Person Becomes Addicted</span></strong></h3><p> &nbsp;</p><p> Addiction is due to several factors, including <a href="../../blog/Reason+for+Addiction+2%3A+Genetics/" target="_blank">genetics</a>, <a href="../../blog/Reason+for+Addiction+1%3A+Social+Context/" target="_blank">social context</a>, family history, etc. All of these various areas add up in different ways, explaining why the question of when and how a person becomes addicted depends on the individual. A person could become addicted to a drug after one hit. Another person may become addicted to food gradually because consistently being around junk food and others with unhealthy lifestyles. Addiction is due to a combination of these factors and typically develops over a period of time. A person does not become an addict overnight.</p><p> &nbsp;</p><h3> <strong><span style="background-color: rgb(175, 238, 238);">Signs and Symptoms of Addiction</span></strong></h3><p> &nbsp;</p><p> No matter how the addiction initially develops, overtime, the signs and symptoms of addiction, from drug to food addiction, are often similar as well. While the various effects of a particular drug can manifest in different ways, all addicts constantly seek to feed their addictions without control over these cravings. Consequently, there are also comparable types of anxiety, depression, and psychosis when it comes to how the addiction psychologically affects the addicts.</p><p> &nbsp;</p><h3> <strong><span style="background-color: rgb(175, 238, 238);">How to Stop Addiction</span></strong></h3><p> &nbsp;</p><p> Different addictions come from the same root biological process, have affiliated developmental processes, and exhibit the similar symptoms. Therefore, it could be argued that, when an addict wants to stop his/her addiction, he/she could begin recovery with a general set of principles to identify, understand, and work through, no matter what his/her addiction. If a person was addicted to drugs, pornography, and food he could apply the principles of recovery to all three addictions.</p><p> &nbsp;</p><p> This can open your road to recovery to vast amount of research, information, and tips available about all types of addiction. It also points to the larger fact that there are core principles from which the majority of issues come from. Once you master how to deal with these core issues, you will have the tools to control and manage your addiction and are prepared to fight off other addictions that may come your way.</p>How to Prevent Relapse http://www.drugrehabtreatmenthelp.com/blog/How+to+Prevent+Relapse+ <p> &nbsp;</p><p> If you are trying to stay clean and sober, the threat of relapse is always on your mind. It begins the minute you decide to stop using, start detoxing, and begin professional or personal treatment of your addiction(s).</p><p> &nbsp;</p><p> The first days, weeks, even months of being clean, you live in a world of extremes. One minute you are motivated to stay sober and excited to live drug-free. The next you are itching to light up and feel like pulling your hair out to pour a glass of wine. You desperately search for the reasons why you stopped in the first place &ndash;</p><p> &nbsp;</p><p style="margin-left: 40px;"> <em><span style="background-color: rgb(238, 130, 238);">What was so bad with the addiction </span><span style="background-color: rgb(238, 130, 238);">anyways</span><span style="background-color: rgb(238, 130, 238);">? It wouldn&rsquo;t hurt to have just one drink (or hit), right? It will only be one&hellip;</span></em></p><p style="margin-left: 40px;"> &nbsp;</p><p> Every day, millions of times a day, there is a mental battle raging in your mind: &ldquo;Should I?&rdquo; or &ldquo;Shouldn&rsquo;t I?&rdquo;</p><p> &nbsp;</p><p> If you &ldquo;fight&rdquo; the &ldquo;temptation&rdquo; and don&rsquo;t give into your desire, a rush of excitement floods your mind and body. You&rsquo;ve managed to divert your attention long enough to pass the craving! Success! If you give into the &ldquo;temptation&rdquo; and have that <em>one</em> drink, joint, snort (which typically doesn&rsquo;t stop at one), the second you have your fix, there&rsquo;s an equal rush of regret. In your mind you&rsquo;re a failure, not &ldquo;strong&rdquo; enough to stop yourself.</p><p style="margin-left: 40px;"> &nbsp;</p><p style="margin-left: 40px;"> <em><span style="background-color: rgb(0, 255, 255);">Why is it so hard to quit? Why can&rsquo;t you fight temptation? Why can&rsquo;t you just stop? Does it mean you don&rsquo;t have enough will power? </span></em></p><p> &nbsp;</p><p> If you haven&rsquo;t read up on the latest in drug addiction science, here is a quick news recap: <strong>addiction is a disease. </strong></p><p> &nbsp;</p><p> That&rsquo;s right. Addiction to drugs and alcohol are like diabetes or heart disease. Why is addiction a disease? According to the <a href="http://www.nida.nih.gov/">NIDA</a>&rsquo;s definition of <a href="../../drug-and-alcohol-abuse-information/what-is-addiction/">addiction</a>, &ldquo;It is considered a brain disease because drugs change the brain &ndash; they change its structure and how it works.&rdquo; So when you think you are &ldquo;fighting temptation&rdquo; and having &ldquo;mental battles,&rdquo; you are - literally. When you have decided to not use, because your brain is addicted, it sends you mixed signals. Your disease (addiction) and the neuro-pathways that control your cravings are pitted against your logical self, the part of your brain in control of knowing better than to use.</p><p> &nbsp;</p><p> Imagine an epic battle scene in history, books, or the movies&hellip; that is what is going on between the neurons in your brain.</p><p> &nbsp;</p><h2> <span style="font-size: 14px;"><strong>The Battle Spark</strong></span></h2><p> &nbsp;</p><p> This battle is sparked by &ldquo;triggers&rdquo; - events, sights, smells, feelings - that ignite the part of your brain that wants to use your drug of choice. Addiction is caused by a cycle of processes that often have a domino effect on your brain. Without getting too much into the science of addiction, triggers, for example, activate your cravings or the <a href="http://www.hbo.com/addiction/understanding_addiction/15_relapse.html" target="_blank">reward &ldquo;go&rdquo; circuitry</a> in your brain, which is much faster then the part of your brain that &ldquo;stops&rdquo; the impulse to get high.</p><p> &nbsp;</p><p> Your cravings can be brought on by your <a href="../../blog/Reason+for+Addiction+2%3A+Genetics/" target="_blank">genetic make-up</a>. Some people genetically have less effective &ldquo;stop&rdquo; circuits in their brains. Others have genetics that give them a <a href="http://www.scientificamerican.com/podcast/episode.cfm?id=genetics-predisposes-for-heavy-drin-10-07-28" target="_blank">stronger &ldquo;go&rdquo; circuit</a> in various circumstances. Your genes also might predispose you to drug addiction or alcoholism, which is tapped into by your <a href="../../blog/Reason+for+Addiction+1%3A+Social+Context/" target="_blank">social context</a>. Social context develops triggers that lead to&hellip; One area impacts the other and a vicious cycle is created and presses on. Until you stop it.</p><p> &nbsp;</p><p> The bottom line is you want to stop and you don&rsquo;t want to relapse. You don&rsquo;t want to give into to your cravings to use, but it is excruciatingly hard at times.</p><p> &nbsp;</p><h3> <em>So, what are some ways to help prevent relapse of drug and alcohol use?</em></h3><p> &nbsp;</p><h1> <span style="font-size: 16px;"><strong><span style="background-color: rgb(255, 255, 0);">Here are 10 Ways to Prevent Relapse:</span></strong></span></h1><p> &nbsp;</p><h2> <strong><span style="background-color: rgb(175, 238, 238);">1. REMEMBER THE BAD TIMES </span></strong></h2><p> &nbsp;</p><p> There are reasons why you stopped using drugs and alcohol. What are they?</p><p> &nbsp;</p><p> When you are in a good place, meaning you feel stable and aren&rsquo;t fighting a craving, write down all of the reasons you quit doing drugs and/or alcohol. It could be everything from how bad you look, how horrible the hang over makes you feel, not having any money, not being happy unless you&rsquo;re high, destroying your relationships, losing your job&hellip; write it all down.</p><p> &nbsp;</p><p> <em><strong>When you have very low motivation to stay clean and feel like one drink or one hit of cocaine or marijuana is okay, look at the list and see where that one hit has lead you in the past.</strong></em></p><p> &nbsp;</p><h2> <strong><span style="background-color: rgb(175, 238, 238);">2. UNDERSTAND YOUR TRIGGERS </span></strong></h2><p> &nbsp;</p><p> When you walk past a bar or party, are there certain sounds or smells that make you want to use? When you come home from work, do you have a routine that inevitably leads to lighting up after a hard day? If you get into a fight with your ex, do you have the urge to forget it all and get high?</p><p> &nbsp;</p><p> All of these are triggers - sights, smells, feelings, tastes, actions - that make you remember a memory, feeling or sensation of how it feels to get high. This triggers something in your brain that makes you want to use again. To prevent being faced with these triggers, you first have to know what they are. If you don&rsquo;t know what they are, you will continue to get seemingly &ldquo;random&rdquo; cravings and cannot make a plan of how to stop or avoid them.</p><p> &nbsp;</p><p> When you are in a good place (feeling stable and without a craving), write down as many of your triggers as you can think of. Keep a pen and pad of paper with you so when you are driving somewhere or walking past something that triggers a craving, write it down.</p><p> &nbsp;</p><p> <em><strong>Knowing your triggers helps you to recognize what makes you want to use.</strong></em></p><p> &nbsp;</p><h2> <strong><span style="background-color: rgb(175, 238, 238);">3. AVOID YOUR TRIGGERS LIKE THE PLAGUE </span></strong></h2><p> &nbsp;</p><p> Once you know the triggers that make you want to use, AVOID THEM LIKE THE PLAGUE. Putting yourself in situations where these triggers are is asking to be tempted.</p><p> &nbsp;</p><p style="margin-left: 40px;"> If you can&rsquo;t avoid triggering situations, be prepared. After you have written down all of your triggers, write down 3 to 5 things you can do to prevent yourself from doing that. Here&rsquo;s an example:</p><p style="margin-left: 40px;"> &nbsp;</p><p style="margin-left: 40px;"> <em>TRIGGER: Every time I drive past a certain exit, I am reminded of my drug dealer and want to call him.</em></p><p style="margin-left: 40px;"> &nbsp;</p><p style="margin-left: 40px;"> <em>WHAT TO DO TO NOT GIVE INTO THE CRAVING:</em></p><p style="margin-left: 40px;"> &nbsp;</p><p style="margin-left: 80px;"> &nbsp;- Take a different route, so I don&rsquo;t pass that exit.</p><p style="margin-left: 80px;"> &nbsp;- If I have to drive by the exit, have a special empowering song that I can blast on the radio that will divert my attention from the craving and reaffirm my commitment to stay clean.</p><p style="margin-left: 80px;"> &nbsp;- Call my sponsor or friend who said she would keep me accountable to not use, and tell her about my trigger and what I am feeling.</p><p style="margin-left: 80px;"> &nbsp;</p><p> <em><strong>All three of these things are actionable steps I can do to help prevent the trigger from leading me to give into that craving.</strong></em></p><p> &nbsp;</p><h2> <strong><span style="background-color: rgb(175, 238, 238);">4. STOPPING DRUGS OR DRINKING IS NOT ENOUGH</span></strong></h2><p> &nbsp;</p><p> You must change more about your life than just to stop using drugs or drinking. If only stop using, but you don&rsquo;t change anything else, you are more likely to relapse. Why?</p><p> &nbsp;</p><p> If everything in your life is the same, the triggers that scream &ldquo;I need a hit&rdquo; or &ldquo;I need a drink&rdquo; are always in your face. Think about it: if everyday you get home from work, throw your keys in the same spot, take off your shoes around the same area, go to the refrigerator for a cold drink and plop on the couch to get drunk, the day you stop drinking isn&rsquo;t the day that habit vanishes.</p><p> &nbsp;</p><p> Sometimes, the habit is so ingrained in you and your routines are so much a part of your life, you literally need to move locations, cut off ties with friends or family, or sell stuff connected to your addiction use. Y<em><strong>ou can significantly increase your changes of relapse if you separate yourself from everything revolving around your drug using habits and start creating new habits and activities that are connected with sobriety.</strong></em></p><p> &nbsp;</p><h2> <strong><span style="background-color: rgb(175, 238, 238);">5. MAKE A NEW VISION FOR YOUR LIFE</span></strong></h2><p> &nbsp;</p><p> How do you see your life improving by not doing drugs or drinking? What are the specific areas that will get better? What are the benefits of getting clean?</p><p> &nbsp;</p><p> When someone tells you to keep your eye on the prize, establishing new standards and visions for your drug-free life psychologically develops what &ldquo;prize&rdquo; you are working towards. Having dreams of your drug-free life help you develop goals to work towards. Working toward these goals help you move past cravings.</p><p> &nbsp;</p><p> At the beginning, set small goals and visions that are easy to accomplish. This quickly rewards your effort and helps you build determination to accomplish bigger goals. If you feel like the &ldquo;prize&rdquo; is not good enough or motivating enough to prevent you from giving into your craving, you may need to set smaller or bigger goals.</p><p> &nbsp;</p><h2> <strong><span style="background-color: rgb(175, 238, 238);">6. TAKE CARE OF YOURSELF</span></strong></h2><p> &nbsp;</p><p> After a binge of doing drugs or drinking, when you get sobered up and look in the mirror. What do you look like? <em><strong>You probably like crap.</strong></em></p><p> &nbsp;</p><p> Physical appearance is a very surface and superficial reflection of how you are feeling, but <em><strong>you will be surprised at how improving your outer appearance makes you feel and motivates you to work on harder areas of your life.</strong></em></p><p> &nbsp;</p><p> Women, time to shave your legs more often, paint your toenails, get a facial or massage. Start doing a physical activity once or twice a week. Buy your favorite food for dinner. Take care of yourself.</p><p> &nbsp;</p><p> Men, time to shave your face more often, cut your nails, get a massage. Haven&rsquo;t bought a new pair of shoes in a long time? Need a new belt? Go get one. Replace your strictly fast food diet with a salad and piece of fruit every once and awhile. Take care of yourself.</p><p> &nbsp;</p><h2> <strong><span style="background-color: rgb(175, 238, 238);">7. GET A </span><span style="background-color: rgb(175, 238, 238);">BLANKEY</span><span style="background-color: rgb(175, 238, 238);"> </span></strong></h2><p> &nbsp;</p><p> Just because you stopped using a blanket or teddy bear as a child, doesn&rsquo;t mean you don&rsquo;t need one as an adult. As an addict, drugs and alcohol were your security blanket. They were what you turned to when you needed comfort, warmth, or confidence.</p><p> &nbsp;</p><p> <em><strong>Having a physical &ldquo;blankey&rdquo; is a small token that can help give you the security or reassurance you need to stick to your commitment to stay clean.</strong></em> It could be a small religious medal or charm or a favorite pair of shoes, even a cozy blanket, anything that brings you joy, peace, or a smile when you see it.</p><p> &nbsp;</p><p> When you are trying to get past a minute of intense desire to relapse, a security &ldquo;blankey&rdquo; can help you feel like you are not alone.</p><p> &nbsp;</p><p> *Idea from <a href="http://psychcentral.com/blog/archives/2010/06/05/12-ways-to-beat-addiction/" target="_blank">psychcentral.com</a></p><p> &nbsp;</p><h2> <strong><span style="background-color: rgb(175, 238, 238);">8. KEEP CALM</span></strong></h2><p> &nbsp;</p><p> Stress is a huge trigger to get high or drunk. No matter how much you try to avoid stress or conflict, often times there is nothing you can do to prevent it. If you are stressed, face it head on by finding a stress-relieving tool other a joint or a drink.</p><p> &nbsp;</p><p> When you are in a good place (feeling stable and without a craving), write down a list of things that keep you calm. This could be taking a walk, working out, organizing your closet, or mowing the grass.</p><p> &nbsp;</p><p> Secondly, write a list of one or two things that you think would help you stay calm, but that you need to learn to do. Maybe it is learning how to meditate, rock climb, be a gourmet chef, bake, sculpt.</p><p> &nbsp;</p><p> The next time you feel stressed, you have a list of old and new actionable activities you can channel your energy into to help you stay calm. When you consistently do these activities when you feel stressed out, overtime one activity sticks and becomes associated in your brain with helping you to distress, relax, and fight your craving.</p><p> &nbsp;</p><p> <em><strong>Repeatedly using drugs or drinking alcohol is how they became associated with helping you de-stress. A new, healthier action will not only help fight the craving, you will develop new triggers in your brain that have nothing to do with using drugs or alcohol when you are stressed out.</strong></em></p><p> &nbsp;</p><h2> <strong><span style="background-color: rgb(175, 238, 238);">9. COMMUNITY, COMMUNITY, COMMUNITY</span></strong></h2><p> &nbsp;</p><p> One of the reasons why your addiction has progressed and reached the point of addiction is because you separated yourself from people who make healthy choices in their lives. You didn&rsquo;t want to hear what they had to say about your substance abuse, so you stopped telling them so much, you hid you use from them, and lied about your addiction.</p><p> &nbsp;</p><p> <em><strong>Your addiction may have come from lack of support, understanding, and accountability in your life. The way to get out of addiction is to find that support, understanding and accountability that has been missing for so long.</strong></em></p><p> &nbsp;</p><p> To find community where you feel supported, understood, and will to be accountable, it is important to find a group where you feel safe, accepted, and comfortable to share honestly and openly. This could be an Alcoholics Anonymous or Narcotics Anonymous group. You can find community in online forums, church groups, or groups from a treatment facility. Use these groups to help you stay clean by being honest with them about how you feel and what you are going through. Don&rsquo;t fake it. You don&rsquo;t have to pretend to be happy if you don&rsquo;t feel happy. If you relapse, keep going to your community, talking about why you relapsed and how you feel about it.</p><p> &nbsp;</p><p> Being honest is the best way to realistically deal with your issues and find solutions that will actually help you.</p><p> &nbsp;</p><p> If you are able, include your family in your recovery. This could be telling them you are going through a rough time, or asking for more physical affection and emotional support, going to therapy together, or asking them to help you stay accountable to stay clean.</p><p> &nbsp;</p><p> Many times family history is what drives addiction. However, if you feel like your husband, wife, girlfriend, boyfriend, parent, etc, is able to be a support in any way, let them help you. This will keep you accountable and also could develop your relationships in a new healthy way that could be part of a new vision for your life.</p><p> &nbsp;</p><h2> <strong><span style="background-color: rgb(175, 238, 238);">10. READ MORE</span></strong></h2><p> &nbsp;</p><p> Knowledge is power.</p>10 Ways to Stop Being Depressedhttp://www.drugrehabtreatmenthelp.com/blog/10+Ways+to+Stop+Being+Depressed <p> &nbsp;</p><p> There are tons of articles in magazines and online that give you, &ldquo;31 ways to get happy &ndash; for free!&rdquo; or &ldquo;10 ways to find more pleasure every day&rdquo; or &ldquo;20 simple ways to get happy.&rdquo; You go to read them, hoping that they will give you a quick solution to fix your depression. You start reading and you see that one of the top 10 suggestions to getting happy is&hellip; <a href="http://www.oprah.com/spirit/31-Ways-to-Get-Happy-for-Free/5" target="_blank">HUMMING</a>??! You think, &ldquo;Are you kidding me?! I&rsquo;m depressed. I&rsquo;m looking for serious solutions to help me get out of bed! I want to know how to get to the bottom of why I&rsquo;m not happy and you give me I should be humming more?!&rdquo;</p><p> &nbsp;</p><p> There are lists and lists and lists of top 10s and 101 suggestions to get happy, stay happy, learn how to be happier, how to be happy when you&rsquo;re supposed to be sad, how to be happier in life, how to be happier day by day, but they can often be very annoying and seem not to help at all. Why?</p><p align="center"> &nbsp;</p><p align="center"> <span style="font-size: 14px;"><strong><em><span style="background-color: rgb(255, 255, 0);">You already know what you need to do to be happy.</span></em></strong></span></p><p> &nbsp;</p><p> If you are living in the United States, since you were in grade school you have been told that doing exercise is good for you, drinking water is better than soda, being proactive will help you feel more productive. Put two and two together and you know that if you spent two seconds doing any one of these things it would</p><p> &nbsp;</p><p style="margin-left: 40px;"> 1) Give you something to do, which makes you feel busy.</p><p style="margin-left: 40px;"> 2) Make you healthier, which give you endorphins.</p><p style="margin-left: 40px;"> 3) You would accomplish goals and feel on top of your game.</p><p style="margin-left: 40px;"> 4) Etc.</p><p> &nbsp;</p><p> <em><span style="background-color: rgb(0, 255, 0);">So why don&rsquo;t we do these things? Why do we continually need these &ldquo;Top 10&rdquo; lists to tell us superficial activities that we already know we should be doing to help us become happy?</span></em></p><p> &nbsp;</p><p> Here&rsquo;s one answer to that question: unless we know the reasons <strong><em>why</em></strong> we should do something and <strong><em>how</em></strong> it contributes to fixing our overall blah feeling about life, the healthy habits that help give nutrients to the root problem of our depression will never become a part of our daily lives, actions, rituals, or habits.</p><p> &nbsp;</p><p> What if we found the root reason behind our depression and unhappiness? Would we be more likely to implement these &ldquo;happiness tips&rdquo; in our lives if we knew what they did to cure the root problem?</p><p> &nbsp;</p><p> If you recently quit using drugs, then the topics of depression and why you get depressed after you stop using drugs should be heavy on your mind. In research on drugs, addiction, and different rehab options, there has been an obsession with the chemical that these three things revolve around: <strong>dopamine</strong>.</p><p> &nbsp;</p><p> Dopamine is what causes the euphoria from taking drugs. It is also what is depleted from an addict&rsquo;s brain because of taking drugs. This depletion of dopamine often is <a href="../../blog/Depression+After+Quitting%3A+How+to+Increase+Dopamine/" target="_blank">one of the reasons</a>/sources/roots of the user&rsquo;s depression.</p><p> &nbsp;</p><p> Knowing this, if we want to stop looking at fixing our problems on the surface and get more in depth understanding of why we feel the way we do, dopamine is a perfect example of something that could be looked into to get a stronger understanding of why you are depressed.</p><p> &nbsp;</p><p> &nbsp;</p><h3> <strong><span style="background-color: rgb(0, 255, 255);">7 quick facts about dopamine:</span></strong></h3><p> &nbsp;</p><p style="margin-left: 40px;"> <strong>1.) Dopamine </strong>is one of the main chemicals that target the pleasure/reward part of your brain.</p><p style="margin-left: 40px;"> 2.) As <strong>dopamine</strong> increases, it affects everything from how you feel pleasure, happiness, motivation, contentedness, how you learn, memory, etc.</p><p style="margin-left: 40px;"> 3.) Certain activities naturally and artificially increase or decrease <strong>dopamine </strong>levels in our brain.</p><p style="margin-left: 40px;"> 4.) There is a sweet spot of <strong>dopamine</strong>. Too much <strong>dopamine</strong> is bad. Too little <strong>dopamine</strong> is bad too.</p><p style="margin-left: 40px;"> <strong>5.) Dopamine</strong> <a href="http://www.newser.com/story/72636/dopamine-produces-the-rush-not-the-pleasure.html" target="_blank">helps you detect anything that is unusual</a> or otherwise demands your attention.</p><p style="margin-left: 40px;"> <strong>6.) Dopamine </strong>gives you <a href="http://www.nytimes.com/2009/10/27/science/27angier.html?ref=natalie_angier" target="_blank">drive and motivation</a> to survive.</p><p style="margin-left: 40px;"> <strong>7.) Dopamine</strong> is released when a person is engaged in <a href="http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2008/01/080114103723.htm" target="_blank">acts of aggression</a>.</p><p style="text-align: center;"> &nbsp;</p><p style="text-align: center;"> &nbsp;</p><p> These are not all of the characteristics of dopamine by far. However, what this list quickly shows is that, when looking at a root or basis of a problem&nbsp; - <em>like depression</em> &ndash; by looking at why this depression could happen &ndash; <em>lack of dopamine</em> &ndash; you may be able to make more connections about why the &ldquo;Top 10 ways to be happier&rdquo; articles list activities like humming. For depression, for example, it is because these activities will help fix the problem by possibly increasing your dopamine.</p><p> &nbsp;</p><p> &nbsp;</p><h3> <strong><span style="background-color: rgb(238, 130, 238);">Here are our Top Ten Ways to Increase Your Dopamine </span></strong></h3><h3> <em>(aka &ldquo;10 Ways to Be Happier,&rdquo; aka &ldquo;10 Ways to Stop Being Depressed&rdquo;)</em></h3><p> &nbsp;</p><p> &nbsp;</p><p style="margin-left: 80px;"> <strong>1.) Get educated about why you&rsquo;re depressed. Knowledge is power.</strong></p><p style="margin-left: 80px;"> <strong><a href="../../types-of-treatment/cognitive-behavioral-therapy/" target="_blank">2.) Cognitive Behavioral Therapy</a> &ndash; Helps you find resolutions to solve your problems.</strong></p><p style="margin-left: 80px;"> <strong>3.) Have a balanced, healthy diet. Particularly foods that increase the amino acid, tyrosine (which helps spark dopamine), like: almonds, avocados, <a href="http://www.scq.ubc.ca/the-pursuit-of-happiness-aka-it-appears-that-the-writer-wrote-about-bananas-after-eating-a-few-too-many/" target="_blank">bananas</a>, lima beans, dairy products, <a href="http://health.blogs.foxnews.com/2009/09/02/chocolate-is-medicine/" target="_blank">dark chocolate</a>, pumpkin &amp; sesame seeds</strong></p><p style="margin-left: 80px;"> <strong><a href="http://health.howstuffworks.com/wellness/drugs-alcohol/caffeine4.htm" target="_blank">4.) Reduce consumption of artificial sugar</a>, caffeine, and saturated fat.</strong></p><p style="margin-left: 80px;"> <strong><a href="http://www.psychologytoday.com/articles/200306/green-tea-the-brain" target="_blank">5.) Drink green tea</a>.</strong></p><p style="margin-left: 80px;"> <strong>6.) Exercise, lots of it!</strong></p><p style="margin-left: 80px;"> <strong>7.) Hang out with non-drug using friends &amp; family: being around positive people that are active can give you motivation.</strong></p><p style="margin-left: 80px;"> <strong>8.) Go to support groups: community brings surges of dopamine that make you feel comforted.</strong></p><p style="margin-left: 80px;"> <strong>9.) Create.</strong></p><p style="margin-left: 80px;"> <strong><a href="http://www.miller-mccune.com/health/classical-music-an-effective-antidepressant-20226/" target="_blank">10.) Listening to music you enjoy</a>. Clinically proven to increase dopamine!</strong></p>Depression After Quittinghttp://www.drugrehabtreatmenthelp.com/blog/Depression+After+Quitting <p> &nbsp;</p><h3> <strong>Why is it so hard to stay sober?</strong></h3><p style="margin-left: 40px;"> &nbsp;</p><p style="margin-left: 40px;"> When you first stop smoking pot, doing drugs or drinking alcohol, you feel good about your decision. You are motivated and ready to make a change in your life. Even though you go back and forth in your mind, convincing yourself of reasons why you should stay sober, you know that quitting is the right thing to do. This keeps you from taking a toke, drink, or injection for the first few days.</p><p style="margin-left: 40px;"> &nbsp;</p><p style="margin-left: 40px;"> But a couple of days into your sobriety when you hit day 6 or 7 (or maybe if you&rsquo;re lucky, it starts around day 10 or 11 or 15), you get past the initial motivation and want to go back to the habits that made you feel like a normal person. You start to think about doing drugs again, but then beat yourself up over how horrible it is that you don&rsquo;t have control over your addiction and your cravings. You wish so much that you weren&rsquo;t addicted or that your drug of choice wasn&rsquo;t bad for you. Even after only a few days of being clean, you know you have come so far, so then why do you feel depressed, irritable, and anxious?</p><p style="margin-left: 40px;"> &nbsp;</p><p style="margin-left: 40px;"> If you step back a little further and look at drug addiction as a whole, the bigger question to ask yourself is:</p><p style="margin-left: 40px;"> &nbsp;</p><p style="margin-left: 40px;"> <em>&nbsp;- Why is it so hard to stay sober?</em></p><p style="margin-left: 40px;"> <em>&nbsp;- Why do I feel so bad, so uneasy, and not like my normal self, even though I am stopping my destructive drug-using habits?</em></p><p style="margin-left: 40px;"> <em>&nbsp;- Why does nothing I do seem to get me out of my depression?</em></p><p style="margin-left: 40px;"> &nbsp;</p><h3> <strong>Physical Withdrawals vs. Mental/Psychological Withdrawals</strong></h3><p> &nbsp;</p><p style="margin-left: 40px;"> Typically, the first few days of withdrawals from a drug are your physical body needing the chemicals the drug has been giving your body for so long. You get body aches, you&rsquo;re cold, then hot, sweating, vomiting, sick to the stomach, etc. After you have gone through this physical withdrawal, then you really start to feel your brain withdrawing from the drug, which often comes out in psychologically &ldquo;painful&rdquo; ways like depression, anxiety, boredom, and irritability. This is because the chemicals in your brain that typically help you feel happy are off balance and/or are depleted.</p><p style="margin-left: 40px;"> &nbsp;</p><p style="margin-left: 40px;"> <em>How do drugs deplete your body of healthy &ldquo;feel good&rdquo; chemicals?</em></p><p> &nbsp;</p><h3> <strong>The Chemical Process of Drug Addiction</strong></h3><p> &nbsp;</p><p style="margin-left: 40px;"> When you do drugs, you are flushing your brain with the chemicals of the drug. The drug stimulates different areas in your brain by sparking an unnatural rush of the principle chemical that makes you feel good - dopamine. Once you take the drug and it sparks the dopamine, the dopamine goes to the area of your brain that controls pleasure, warmth, feeling happy, etc., and the huge amount of dopamine stimulates and overwhelms the area, giving you the high.</p><p style="margin-left: 40px;"> &nbsp;</p><p style="margin-left: 40px;"> Therefore, the drug is causing your brain to release its own supply of dopamine and to work in ways that it normally would not. Overtime, the rush of the drug&rsquo;s chemicals causes your brain to become physically and biologically dependent on that rush. Wanting to continually do the drug comes from your brain because the brain needs the dopamine to become balanced. Based on what type of feelings the drug gives you, you also become psychologically dependent on drug because you don&rsquo;t feel &ldquo;normal&rdquo; or happy without it. Being &ldquo;addicted&rdquo; to the drug is when you will do anything to get the drug, even if it means doing harm to your life or others&rsquo;.</p><p style="margin-left: 40px;"> &nbsp;</p><p style="margin-left: 40px;"> So, a drug sparks an unnatural rush of the feel good chemical, dopamine. My brain becomes dependent on that chemical because when I stop using the drug, my brain tells me that I need it and tortures me with cravings, pain, and depression when I don&rsquo;t give it the drug. <em>Why does this happen? Why can&rsquo;t my brain make its own feel good chemicals?</em></p><p> &nbsp;</p><h3> <strong>Why are you depressed when you quit?</strong></h3><p> &nbsp;</p><p style="margin-left: 40px;"> The physiological/biological reason why you crave the drug is because the drug has dulled and desensitized the reward centers of your brain, and diminishes your body&rsquo;s ability to make its own dopamine. Once you quit, it is possible for your brain to make dopamine again, but it takes awhile. Initially after quitting, no matter what you do, even when you do something that is supposed to make you feel happy, you may not. This is because your brain has not naturally produced enough dopamine to give you the response of happiness or, if it has, the drug has dulled the receptors in your brain that receive the chemical.</p><p style="margin-left: 40px;"> &nbsp;</p><p style="margin-left: 40px;"> The best description I have heard of this process is by Dr. Nora Volkow, the director of the <a href="http://www.drugabuse.gov/infofacts/understand.html">National Institute on Drug Abuse</a> and a top doctor and researcher of drug addicts&rsquo; brains. <a href="http://www.hbo.com/addiction/">HBO did a documentary on addiction</a> and has Dr. Volkow describe what happens to the brain when an addict stops taking drugs:</p><p style="margin-left: 80px;"> &nbsp;</p><p style="margin-left: 80px;"> <em><strong><span style="font-size: 14px;">&ldquo;We depend on our brain&#39;s ability to release dopamine in order to experience pleasure and to motivate our responses to the natural rewards of everyday life, such as the sight or smell of food. Drugs produce very large and rapid dopamine surges and the brain responds by reducing normal dopamine activity. Eventually, the disrupted dopamine system renders the addict incapable of feeling any pleasure even from the drugs they seek to feed their addiction.&rdquo;</span></strong></em></p><p style="margin-left: 40px;"> &nbsp;</p><p style="margin-left: 40px;"> The <a href="http://www.hbo.com/addiction/thefilm/supplemental/6212_what_is_addiction.html" target="_blank">documentary states</a>, &ldquo;With a deficit of naturally occurring dopamine comes an inability to feel pleasure except through drug use. This is a prime motivator of relapse.&rdquo;</p><p style="margin-left: 40px;"> &nbsp;</p><p style="margin-left: 40px;"> What this tells you about drug addiction is that because of drug use, you cannot simply stop quitting and do normal things that used to make you happy. But don&rsquo;t feel hopeless!! While addiction is a chronic disease and a continual battle to fight to stay clean, there are activities and things that you can do to help you manage your cravings and give you the tools to get past depression, anxiety, and boredom.</p><p style="margin-left: 40px;"> &nbsp;</p><h3> Click here for <a href="http://drugrehabtreatmenthelp.com/blog/10+Ways+to+Stop+Being+Depressed/"><em><strong><span style="background-color: rgb(238, 130, 238);">10 Ways to Stop Being Depressed</span></strong></em></a></h3>Reason for Addiction 2: Geneticshttp://www.drugrehabtreatmenthelp.com/blog/Reason+for+Addiction+2%3A+Genetics <p> &nbsp;</p><p> Not every person is born the same way or with the same genetic make up. This is what gives each person different skin tones, eye color, temperaments, tastes, etc. These differences in genetics also apply to drug use and addiction, including the propensity or susceptibility a person has to want to use drugs or become addicted. Because genetics are the &ldquo;<a href="http://www.drugabuse.gov/tib/genetics.html" target="_blank">functional units that make up our DNA</a> [and] provide the information that directs our bodies&rsquo; basic cellular activities,&rdquo; many scientists study genetics as it relates to addiction hoping to pinpoint the areas that may cause a person to become addicted to a particular drug and to develop a cure for addiction by targeting the gene that causes the problem in the first place.</p><p> &nbsp;</p><p> For example, from the research we have done on the internet, we have come to notice one of the basic patterns that comes with addiction and the brain - chemically speaking, drugs and drug addiction largely revolve around sparking one culprit: dopamine. This does not mean that there aren&rsquo;t other chemicals that react with drugs. There are, and lots of them (for example, serotonin). However, especially as addiction relates to genetics, we have noticed several studies that continually connect a person&rsquo;s propensity to heavily use drugs or be more likely to become addicted with variations of genes that react with dopamine in particular and not normal ways.</p><p> <img alt="genetics addiction" src="/pix/genetics.jpg" style="width: 400px; height: 300px; border-width: 5px; border-style: solid; margin: 10px; float: left;" /></p><p> Dopamine is a major focus of study when it comes to addiction because it is one of the main chemicals ignited by drugs. This is because, in many cases, dopamine is the chemical that is released and stimulates the reward center of the brain. This is the area that gives a person pleasure. So, several drugs have been developed to artificially signal the release of dopamine, which gives people pleasure when they take drugs.</p><p> &nbsp;</p><p> This post will look at some the studies about dopamine as it relates to genetics and addiction. Then, we will go into broader connections about why genetics are a second reason for why a person becomes addicted to drugs and alcohol.</p><p> &nbsp;</p><h3> <strong>Study #1:&nbsp; Why are you so impulsive? Less active dopamine receptors.</strong></h3><p> &nbsp;</p><p> A study led by Vanderbilt University neuroscience PhD candidate, Joshua Buckholtz, proposed that people who are more impulsive might have <a href="http://www.scientificamerican.com/article.cfm?id=dopamine-impulsive-addiction" target="_blank">less active dopamine</a> receptors. <a href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dopamine_receptor" target="_blank">Dopamine receptors</a> are in the central nervous system and send and receive dopamine, which is the chemical that facilitates motivation, pleasure, cognition, memory, learning, and fine motor control. So, Buckholtz&rsquo;s study suggests that people that are impulsive are not getting as steady a stream of dopamine to feed their happiness and pleasure levels in their brains. The study also proposed that when stimulated, these people would get a huge burst of dopamine (causing the impulsive, gotta have it now, sensation). This was proven to be true by scanning brains of people when they were given an amphetamine. Then after asking if they wanted more amphetamine, the people with higher impulsive tendencies (and less active dopamine receptors) had &ldquo;subjectively strong cravings&rdquo;. As the study concludes, this may have a connection with substance abuse because, since when people with less productive dopamine receptors <em>are</em> stimulated by something like a drug, they want it more than others who have a steady stream of s=dopamine.</p><p> &nbsp;</p><h3> <strong>Study #2: Heavy Drinking Linked to DRD<sub>4</sub></strong></h3><p> &nbsp;</p><p> Scientists found that when people had the gene for the <a href="http://www.scientificamerican.com/podcast/episode.cfm?id=genetics-predisposes-for-heavy-drin-10-07-28" target="_blank">dopamine receptor, DRD<sub>4</sub></a>, were more likely to drink twice as much as other people who drank 3 or more drinks. Therefore, if you have this specific gene, you may be more susceptible to drinking more alcohol, which could lead to addiction.</p><p> &nbsp;</p><h3> <strong>Study #3: Alcoholism and Addiction are not linked to DRD<sub>3</sub> </strong></h3><p> &nbsp;</p><p> A <a href="http://www.sciencedirect.com/science?_ob=ArticleURL&amp;_udi=B6W8H-4489VWF-7&amp;_user=10&amp;_coverDate=12%2F31%2F2001&amp;_rdoc=1&amp;_fmt=high&amp;_orig=search&amp;_sort=d&amp;_docanchor=&amp;view=c&amp;_searchStrId=1425867172&amp;_rerunOrigin=scholar.google&amp;_acct=C000050221&amp;_version=1&amp;_urlVersion=0&amp;_userid=10&amp;md5=69f3e3fb43e3eac6e849f90ee34ad8fb" target="_blank">2001 study done by researchers in France</a> found that there was no significant difference in the DRD3 gene polymorphism between controls and alcoholic patience in their study, regardless of sensation seeking score, addictive or psychiatric comobidity, alcoholism typology, and clinical specificities of alcoholism.</p><p> &nbsp;</p><p> Compared to the Study #2, Study #3 shows why genetics only plays a partial role in addiction &ndash; because there are many mutations, each having their own specific properties, the science of using genetics to determine whether someone is going to become an addict, simply based on their genetics, is not far enough along to make such conclusions.</p><p> &nbsp;</p><h3> <strong>Genetics &amp; Addiction</strong></h3><p> &nbsp;</p><p> It is clear that there are links between genetics and addiction. However, the science behind determining what genes a person has and whether or not specific genes mean he/she will become an addict is still too far to make any sweeping generalizations, predictions, or to even create a treatment based on these findings.</p>My Son is an Addict: What does that mean?http://www.drugrehabtreatmenthelp.com/blog/My+Son+is+an+Addict%3A+What+does+that+mean%3F <p> &nbsp;</p><p> Raising children is one of the greatest, most fulfilling, and most challenging experiences that a person can have. It takes an enormous amount of work to provide for their needs, teach them the ways of the world, and keep them from harm. It is heart breaking, frustrating, and extremely difficult, if after devoting years of your heart, soul, money and time to your son or daughter, he or she becomes involved with the wrong friends, starts sneaking out of the house to drink or do drugs, or, worse, becomes addicted to drugs or alcohol. <img alt="son addict, child addict" src="/pix/son.jpg" style="width: 301px; height: 399px; border-width: 3px; border-style: solid; margin: 8px; float: right;" /></p><p> &nbsp;</p><p> The definition of an <a href="../../drug-and-alcohol-abuse-information/what-is-addiction/" target="_blank">addict </a>is very well defined throughout this website. The National Institute on Drug Abuse defines addiction as a <strong>&ldquo;chronic, relapsing brain disease that is characterized by compulsive drug seeking and use, despite harmful consequences. It is considered a brain disease because drugs change the brain &ndash; they change its structure and how it works. These brain changes can be long lasting, and can lead to the harmful behaviors seen in people who abuse drugs.&rdquo; </strong>1<a href="#_edn1" name="_ednref" title=""></a></p><p> &nbsp;</p><p> Let&rsquo;s break down the definition of &ldquo;addiction&rdquo; to understand exactly what it means if your son is an <strong>addict</strong> of drugs and/or alcohol. (*Includes if your daughter is an addict, but for ease we will only be referring to a son addict).</p><p> &nbsp;</p><p> <strong><em>&ldquo;Addiction is a chronic, relapsing brain disease&hellip;&rdquo;</em></strong></p><p> &nbsp;</p><p style="margin-left: 40px;"> Scientists have researched how drugs affect the brain and have concluded that, after significant drug use, the chemical substance changes what a person&rsquo;s brain needs to function and creates a physical and psychological dependence on the drug. When your son began to do drugs or heavily drink, after a certain amount of time using (sometimes one time, sometimes many times depending on the person), his brain developed a dependency on the substance. As an addict, your son&rsquo;s use of drugs is being driven by his brain&rsquo;s dependence on the chemicals. To be an addict means the person is so overwhelmed by the brain&rsquo;s need for the drug that it is nearly impossible to choose not to use the drug. This is a disease, or abnormal function of the brain, because the addiction pushes a person&rsquo;s need for the drug more than the person&rsquo;s actual desire or control over whether or not to use the drug. Dr. Nora Volkow, director of the NIDA, gives this example in HBO&rsquo;s documentary <em>Addiction</em>, when she explains a daughter&rsquo;s drug addiction to her parents. 2<a href="#_edn2" name="_ednref" title=""></a></p><p> &nbsp;</p><p style="margin-left: 40px;"> Addiction is initially caused by a person&rsquo;s individual decision to take drugs or heavily drink. It is a lot like how a person&rsquo;s eating habits can cause certain types of diabetes or heart disease. Yes, at first it is the person&rsquo;s choice to use drugs, but there are <a href="../../blog/Reasons+for+Addiction+Blog+Series/" target="_blank">many reasons that lead a person to make that initial choice </a>such as genetics, family history, social contexts, etc. that may make him more susceptible to use and become addicted to drugs or alcohol.</p><p> &nbsp;</p><p> <strong><em>&ldquo;&hellip;that is characterized by compulsive drug seeking and use, despite harmful consequences.&rdquo;</em></strong></p><p> &nbsp;</p><p style="margin-left: 40px;"> The definition of &ldquo;compulsive&rdquo; is &ldquo;an irresistible impulse to act, regardless of the rationality of the motivation.&rdquo; 3<a href="#_edn3" name="_ednref" title=""></a> Addiction means that an addict acts out of uncontrollable impulse when trying to find drugs and use drugs, &ldquo;despite harmful consequences.&rdquo; When your son is an addict, because of the chemical dependence that he has on the drug, the urge to find and use drugs is so strong that he cannot stop himself &ndash; even if he wanted to. Furthermore, your son follows through with this urge to do drugs, even though harmful things will happen, because the brain has to have the chemical. This is why your son, who knows the difference between right and wrong, good and bad, could do things like steal, hurt people, sell his body for sex, etc., in order to do drugs. <em>The brain&rsquo;s dependence on the drug becomes the sole focus of addict and he can quickly forgets about all other responsibilities, social norms, and laws.</em></p><p style="margin-left: 40px;"> &nbsp;</p><p> This part of the definition brings up an interesting nuance between two terms: <strong>addiction versus physical dependence</strong>.</p><p style="margin-left: 40px;"> &nbsp;</p><p style="margin-left: 40px;"> People take different types of drugs, illegal and legal, for many different reasons, including for sicknesses and pain. If you have had surgery or have been in an accident, you may take a drug like Vicodin or oxycodone. If you have issues such as depression, you may take Xanax to help your anxiety. When you take these drugs for an extended period of time, your body adapts to their effects. Over time, your body may even need more of the prescription pills to get the relief you need. This need your body has for the drug is known as <strong>physical dependence</strong> because your body has become dependent on the physical relief the drug gives you. When you stop taking the drugs, you may go through <a href="../../signs/drug-alcohol-addiction-symptoms/" target="_blank"><strong>withdrawal symptoms</strong></a>. This is because your body desires the drug to fill the space in your body that it has developed for itself. When that space goes unfilled, your body goes through symptoms such as headaches, pains, etc. as it is trying to fill the space without the drug&rsquo;s help.</p><p style="margin-left: 40px;"> &nbsp;</p><p style="margin-left: 40px;"> <strong>Physical dependence is not the same thing as </strong><strong>addiction.</strong>4 <a href="#_edn4" name="_ednref" title=""></a>Physical dependence often comes with addiction. However, addiction includes a psychological component of &ldquo;impulse&rdquo; that drives a person to use drugs, even when he knows that it will result in harmful consequences to his body, life, relationships, etc.</p><p style="margin-left: 40px;"> &nbsp;</p><p> <strong><em>&ldquo;It is considered a brain disease because drugs change the brain &ndash; they change its structure and how it works. These brain changes can be long lasting, and can lead to the harmful behaviors seen in people who abuse drugs.&rdquo;</em></strong></p><p> &nbsp;</p><p style="margin-left: 40px;"> This last part of the definition refers to what we have been talking about above. On their website, the <a href="../../drug-and-alcohol-abuse-information/drug-addiction-and-rehab-resources-and-information/" target="_blank">National Institute on Drug Abuse </a>has published a study showing <a href="http://www.drugabuse.gov/scienceofaddiction/" target="_blank">brain scans of drug addicts </a>to show how drugs change the brain and what doing drugs for a long time does to a person&rsquo;s brain <em>and </em>how the brain can recover from addiction when the person gets sober and goes through recovery.</p><p> &nbsp;</p><p> References:</p><div> <div id="edn"> <p> <a href="#_ednref" name="_edn1" title=""></a> 1) &ldquo;<a href="http://www.drugabuse.gov/scienceofaddiction/addiction.html">Drug Abuse and Addiction.</a>&rdquo; <u>National Institute on Drug Abuse</u>. Date downloaded: June 22, 2010.</p> </div> <div id="edn"> <p> <a href="#_ednref" name="_edn2" title=""></a> 2) &ldquo;What is Addiction?&rdquo; <u>Addiction</u>. <em>HBO</em>. Date downloaded: July 14, 2010.</p> </div> <div id="edn"> <p> <a href="#_ednref" name="_edn3" title=""></a> 3) &ldquo;<a href="http://www.thefreedictionary.com/compulsion">Compulsion</a>.&rdquo; American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language. Accessed: August 5, 2010.</p> </div> <div id="edn"> <p> <a href="#_ednref" name="_edn4" title=""></a> 4) <a href="http://www.drugabuse.gov/PODAT/faqs3.html">Principles of Drug Addiction Treatment: A Research Based Guide</a>. <u>National Institute on Drug Abuse</u>. Accessed: August 5, 2010.</p> <p> &nbsp;</p> <p> &nbsp;</p> <p> &nbsp;</p> </div></div>Reason for Addiction 1: Social Contexthttp://www.drugrehabtreatmenthelp.com/blog/Reason+for+Addiction+1%3A+Social+Context <p> &nbsp;</p><p> There are many reasons a person becomes a drug addict or alcoholic. Social context is one reason we explore in the first blog of this Reason for Addiction blog series.</p><p> &nbsp;</p><p> <em><strong><span style="font-size: 14px;">Drug Rehab Treatment Help is beginning a blog series looking at the different reasons why people become addicted to drugs and alcohol.</span></strong></em></p><p> &nbsp;</p><p> This series has been created to show that there is not just one reason a person becomes addicted to drugs or alcohol. Rather, there are many factors that lead to a person using, abusing, and becoming addicted to substances.</p><p> &nbsp;</p><p> There are several reasons why an individual becomes addicted to drugs and alcohol. Addiction depends on one or more areas of a person&rsquo;s life, genetics, and experience. Specific areas include:</p><p> &nbsp;</p><p style="margin-left: 40px;"> &nbsp;- Family history</p><p style="margin-left: 40px;"> &nbsp;- Personal life history</p><p style="margin-left: 40px;"> &nbsp;- Genetics</p><p style="margin-left: 40px;"> &nbsp;- Social environment (home and family, peers and school)</p><p style="margin-left: 40px;"> &nbsp;- When a person begins using</p><p style="margin-left: 40px;"> &nbsp;- How they use the drug</p><p> &nbsp;</p><p style="margin-left: 3pt;"> These six areas are the main areas that influence whether or not a person becomes an addict, how a person can become addicted to drugs and alcohol, and what contributes to a person using drugs or drinking so much that he/she becomes a drug addict or alcoholic. Each blog post in this series will focus on one of the six areas.</p><p style="margin-left: 3pt;"> &nbsp;</p><p style="margin-left: 3pt;"> Drug addiction does not happen overnight. By learning that there can be many factors that contribute to how, why, when and where an individual becomes addicted to drugs or becomes an alcoholic, there is a greater understanding of a person&rsquo;s situation. This should help guide you through addiction. If you are the loved one of an addict, this information can understand a little more of where he/she is coming from, manage the addict, and help him/her get on a path toward sobriety and recovery. If you are an addict yourself, understanding the reasons and steps that have lead to you to your addiction can offer valuable insight to your battle and may help you find steps and solutions that will help you take control of your own recovery and sobriety.</p><p> &nbsp;</p><p> One of the reasons why a person becomes addicted to drugs and alcohol: <strong>social context and surroundings</strong>.</p><p> &nbsp;</p><p> <strong>Social Context: How, Why</strong></p><p> &nbsp;</p><p> <img alt="addiction" src="/pix/social.jpg" style="width: 425px; height: 282px; border-width: 4px; border-style: solid; margin: 8px; float: left;" />Knowing about a person&rsquo;s social context and surroundings is one element of substance abuse and addiction that helps explain why a person becomes addicted to drugs and alcohol.</p><p> &nbsp;</p><p> The basic definition of <strong><em>social context</em></strong>, or a <strong><em>social environment</em></strong>, is &ldquo;the culture that [a person] is educated and/or lives in, and the people and institutions with whom [he/she] interacts.&rdquo;1<a href="#_ftn1" name="_ftnref" title=""></a> So, social context is a big term that means the family a person grew up with, the friends he/she hangs around, the school he/she goes to, the job he/she does, and the people he/she dated.</p><p> &nbsp;</p><p> Different environments influence the way a person interacts with the world and how he/she thinks and feels about different circumstances and actions. It is not only a person&rsquo;s social context that determines whether or not he/she will become addicted to drugs or alcohol. If that were the case, that would mean, no matter what type of environment a person was born in, he/she would become that way. Although the type of environment a person lives in does greatly impact his/her choices, each person ultimately has the power to choose how he or she wants to be for him/herself, no matter how good or bad the social context.&nbsp;</p><p> &nbsp;</p><p> <strong>Reasons for Addiction within Social Context</strong></p><p> &nbsp;</p><p> A person becomes addicted to drugs and alcohol based on how he/she interacts with different social settings. For example, if you are currently a drug addict or alcoholic, think about your history with drugs and alcohol in social contexts:</p><p> &nbsp;</p><p> &nbsp;- When you were growing up, did your family drink alcohol? Did they do drugs?</p><p> &nbsp;- Did they ask you to do drugs or alcohol?</p><p> &nbsp;- If they did drink or do drugs, how did that make you feel?</p><p> &nbsp;- Did you feel pressure to do drugs or drink alcohol?</p><p> &nbsp;- If you did do drugs with your family, what was the setting like around you?</p><p> &nbsp;- Did it give you a good feeling or a bad feeling?</p><p> &nbsp;</p><p> Your family may not do or have done drugs at all. In fact, they may be extremely against using drugs or drinking alcohol. Did you begin doing drugs with your friends? Did you start trying drugs alone? What were the feelings, sensations, and experiences you had around the first time you did drugs or drank alcohol? Did it make you want to do them more? Less?</p><p style="margin-left: 3pt;"> &nbsp;</p><p style="margin-left: 3pt;"> Questions like these begin to scratch the surface of the multiple pressures that an individual may currently be or may have been under from his/her family or friends to do drugs. The person also may have started doing drugs as a reaction against his/her family or friends that were against using drugs.</p><p> &nbsp;</p><p> These questions are written out mainly to point out the many dimensions, pressures, and issues that contribute to a person&rsquo;s life and the reasons why he or she may have began using drugs and become addicted. Social context is just one of the elements contributing to why a person becomes addicted to drugs and alcohol.</p><p> &nbsp;</p><p> <strong>The Pain and Pleasure of Choices</strong></p><p> &nbsp;</p><p> In the best selling book, <a href="http://www.amazon.com/Awaken-Giant-Within-Immediate-Emotional/dp/0671791540/ref=sr_1_1?ie=UTF8&amp;s=books&amp;qid=1280875062&amp;sr=8-1" target="_blank"><em>Awaken the Giant Within</em></a>, author Anthony Robbins says that a person makes a decision based on one of two things: whether that action will give him/her pain or pleasure. Depending on the choice at hand, the person will make a decision based on pain or pleasure. After making the same choice over and over again, the person begins to form a habit. One reason why a person&rsquo;s surroundings contribute to whether or not he/she uses drugs or drinks alcohol could be based on this idea of whether or not it gives him/her pain or pleasure. For example, if you begin drinking alcohol with your friends because you are at a fun party, you may be doing this because (aside from the actual effect of the alcohol) you get a sense of pleasure, belonging, or &ldquo;having fun.&rdquo; If you begin doing drugs against your parents&rsquo; will, you may have started doing drugs because you felt a sense of rejection or misunderstanding.</p><p> &nbsp;</p><p> <strong>Other Questions about Social Context</strong></p><p> &nbsp;</p><p> This idea of a person&rsquo;s instinct to make a decision based on pain or pleasure adds a second layer to the initial idea of social context. It shows that a person makes his/her own choice based on the social context he/she is in and how he/she feels in that context.</p><p> &nbsp;</p><p> There are other elements, questions, and feelings involved in social context such as before you took drugs, were you in a setting where you felt safe or happy? Or did you feel gross and weird? These feelings could effect a person&rsquo;s interaction with drugs and alcohol and may reoccur when the person continues to use.</p><p> &nbsp;</p><p> A study published by the <em>American Journal of Health Behavior</em> researched how social settings of drinking are related to alcohol abuse or alcoholism and addiction.2<a href="#_edn1" name="_ednref" title=""></a>&nbsp; The study distinguished six different social contexts that college students are in when drinking alcohol: 1) drinking at a party with friends, to have a good time, 2) peer acceptance, where drinking is done to gain someone&rsquo;s approval, 3) emotional pain, drinking is done to medicate negative thoughts/stressors, 4) family drinking, celebratory or religious, 5) sex seeking, drinking to build up courage or make it easier to sleep with someone, and 6) drinking in a parked or moving motor vehicle.</p><p> &nbsp;</p><p> After analyzing the behavior of each of the students, they found that drinking in a social/party situation often lead to drinking, driving, and housing violations. Drinking in motor vehicles was often associated with alcohol abuse/dependence, and drinking in a context of emotional pain was associated with clinical depression.</p><p> &nbsp;</p><p> The results of this study are important to understanding what social contexts an addict has been in and how these have contributed to his/her feelings, actions, and addiction. Different contexts have different associations that are multi-layered and indicate layers of possible reasons why a person is behaving the way he/she is and taking drugs.</p><p> &nbsp;</p><p> It can be hard to understand that biological, psychological, <em>and </em>social contexts contribute to drug and alcohol addictions. This has been hard for many scientists to recognize.3<a href="#_edn2" name="_ednref" title=""></a> However, by beginning to question different elements of the past and facing these issues about places, feelings, times, and situations, you will be better prepared to figure ways to find ways out of the triggers that these contexts have created and make a stronger recovery.</p><p> &nbsp;</p><div> <div id="ftn"> <p> <a href="#_ftnref" name="_ftn1" title=""></a></p> <p> <strong>References:</strong></p> <p> &nbsp;</p> <p> 1) &ldquo;<a href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Social_environment" target="_blank">Social Environment</a>.&rdquo; <em>Wikipedia</em>. Date access: July 22, 2010.</p> </div></div><div> <div id="edn"> <p> <a href="#_ednref" name="_edn1" title=""></a> 2) Beck, K. H., Arria, A. M., Caldeira, K. M., Vincent, K. B., O&rsquo;Grady, K. E., &amp; Wish, E. D. (2008). <a href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2390773/" target="_blank">Social context of drinking and alcohol problems among college </a><a href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2390773/">students.</a>American Journal of Health Behavior, 32(4), 420&ndash;430.</p> </div> <div id="edn"> <p> <a href="#_ednref" name="_edn2" title=""></a> 3) Dunbar D., Kushner, H.I., Vrecko, S. (2010). <a href="http://www.palgrave-journals.com/biosoc/journal/v5/n1/full/biosoc200910a.html" target="_blank">Guest Editors&rsquo; Introduction</a>. Drugs, addiction and society, 5(2-7). v</p> </div></div>War on Drugs has Failedhttp://www.drugrehabtreatmenthelp.com/blog/War+on+Drugs+has+Failed <p> &nbsp;</p><p> In the last couple of weeks, there has been much news surrounding the 18th International AIDS Conference, specifically the <a href="http://www.viennadeclaration.com/index.html" target="_blank">Vienna Declaration</a>, a statement drafted by top scientists, professors, and directors of internationally known organizations that note the detrimental effects the emphasis of drug law enforcement has had on global health and social systems related to drug addiction, drug-use prevention, HIV prevention, etc.&nbsp;&nbsp; <img alt="vienna declaration" src="/pix/vienna.jpg" style="width: 299px; height: 320px; border-width: 2px; border-style: solid; margin: 10px; float: right;" /></p><p> &nbsp;</p><p> Specifically, the document uses statistics that connect the relationship between HIV and drug use. For example, outside of sub-Saharan Africa, 1 in 3 new HIV infections are from injecting illegal drugs and in parts of the world, such as Eastern Europe and Central Asia, about 70% of drug users who inject are infected with HIV.1<a href="#_edn1" name="_ednref" title=""></a></p><p> &nbsp;</p><p> Not only does the Vienna Declaration give evidence as to why increased drug law enforcement has not been working, it spells out the resulting consequences of this approach which includes increased cases of HIV from drug injections, incarceration rates, specifically racial disparities in incarceration rates for drug offences (particularly in the US), and the $320 billion drug market that continues to grow with an influx of cheaper, purer drugs.</p><p> &nbsp;</p><p> This declaration is part of the growing trend towards acknowledging the realities of drug use, such as acknowledging the fact that addiction is a disease that must be treated as a medical and behavioral condition rather than a criminal one. Most importantly, furthers the conversation about new ways to deal with drug offences because the &ldquo;war on drugs&rdquo; has done little, if not, exacerbated the demand for drugs throughout the world, while causing tremendous racial and socioeconomic imbalances in criminal justice and healthcare systems.</p><p> &nbsp;</p><p> For more commentary on the issue, read:</p><p> <a href="http://articles.latimes.com/2010/jul/28/opinion/la-oe-wood-hiv-vienna-20100728" target="_blank">1) Evan Wood. Drug abuse and HIV. Los Angeles Times. July 28, 2010. Accessed: August 2, 2010.</a></p><p> &nbsp;</p><p> For the Vienna Declaration, including a list of its contributors:</p><p> <a href="http://www.viennadeclaration.com/index.html" target="_blank">Vienna Declaration.</a></p>Withdrawal Symptoms of Heartbreakhttp://www.drugrehabtreatmenthelp.com/blog/Withdrawal+Symptoms+of+Heartbreak <p> &nbsp;</p><p> <a href="http://www.time.com/time/health/article/0,8599,2002688,00.html" target="_blank">TIME magazine</a> has reported on a <a href="http://jn.physiology.org/cgi/content/full/104/1/51" target="_blank">study done by</a> professors from Rutgers University, Einstein College of Medicine and State University of New York, Stony Brook, that looks at the brain activity and subsequent reactions of individuals who had been dumped by their girlfriends or boyfriends.</p><p> <img alt="boy friend girlfriend break up" src="/pix/breaking up.jpg" style="width: 425px; height: 282px; border-width: 5px; border-style: solid; margin: 8px; float: right;" /></p><p> They found that the participants&rsquo; reward/survival systems in their brains were activated when they thought about their lost lovers. This area in the brain is activated by other processes such as &ldquo;motivational relevance, gain/loss, cocaine craving, addiction,and emotion regulation.&rdquo;<a href="#_edn1" name="_ednref" title=""></a><a href="#REF">1</a> These findings suggest that the emotions fostered in a relationship activate a part of the brain in such a way that, when a person is dumped by a lover, he/she can go through a series of withdrawal symptoms just as a person with substance addiction would.</p><p> &nbsp;</p><p> The study is very small, studying only 15 participants. However, further studies may investigate the brain activity of those who have chosen to end relationships, as well as what are the types of chemicals created during a relationship, how do they activate this part of the brain, and why are there withdrawal symptoms if these chemicals are not created.</p><p> &nbsp;</p><p> For compete study click here:</p><p> <a name="REF"></a>1) &ldquo;<a href="http://jn.physiology.org/cgi/content/full/104/1/51" target="_blank">Reward, Addiction, and Emotion Regulation Systems Associated With Rejection in Love.&rdquo; Helen E. Fisher, Lucy L. Brown, Arthur Aron, Greg Strong and Debra Mashek. Journal of Neurophysiology. May 2010. Date access: July 28, 2010.</a></p><p> &nbsp;</p><p> For complete TIME article, click here:</p><p> <a href="http://www.time.com/time/health/article/0,8599,2002688,00.html" target="_blank">&ldquo;The Cruelest Study: Why Breakups Hurt&rdquo; Belinda Luscombe. TIME. July 9, 2010. Date access: July 27, 2010.</a></p><div> <div id="edn"> <p> <a href="#_ednref" name="_edn1" title=""></a></p> <p> &nbsp;</p> <p> &nbsp;</p> <p> &nbsp;</p> <p> &nbsp;</p> </div></div>Therapist Talks Television and Cognitive Behavior Techniques for The Huffington Posthttp://www.drugrehabtreatmenthelp.com/blog/Therapist+Talks+Television+and+Cognitive+Behavior+Techniques+for+The+Huffington+Post <p> &nbsp;</p><p> Dr. Judith S. Beck, an expert in Cognitive Behavior Therapy, has a series for <a href="http://www.huffingtonpost.com/judith-s-beck-phd" target="_blank">The Huffington Post</a> talking about everything from Cognitive Behavior Therapy and psychotherapy practitioners in general, to myths about Cognitive Behavior Therapy, to the everyday problems people face, such as the Imposter Syndrome, and how they can solve these issues with Cognitive Behavior Therapy techniques.</p><p> &nbsp;</p><p> Beck&rsquo;s first post reprimands the Dr. Phil types of therapy that you see on TV, which typically dig deep into a patient&rsquo;s bad relationship or dysfunctional behavior instead of finding ways to fix problems. She says Cognitive Behavior Therapy, a <a href="../../types-of-treatment/cognitive-behavioral-therapy-for-drug-addicts-and-alcoholics/">type of treatment</a> used in drug rehabilitation and alcohol treatment, is a type of psychotherapy that does not redundantly delve into the past. Instead, Cognitive Behavior Therapy tries to fix the problem so the person doesn&rsquo;t have to perpetually need therapy.</p><p> &nbsp;</p><p> As a Cognitive Behavior therapist and CBT expert, Beck lays out the steps that a Cognitive Behavior Therapy session should have to effectively help you treat your drug or alcohol addiction.</p><p> &nbsp;</p><ol style="margin-left: 40px;"> <li> The Cognitive Behavior therapist asks you what the problem(s) is that you want help in solving.</li> <li> Next, the Cognitive Behavior therapist teaches you skills and tools, such as how to correct unhelpful or unrealistic ways of thinking, that contribute to your problem.</li> <li> Then, you and your Cognitive Behavior therapist talk about how you are going to change implementing these skills in your daily cognitive (thinking) and behavior actions.</li></ol><p> &nbsp;</p><p> Beck says that in Cognitive Behavior Therapy, you don&rsquo;t lay on a couch or address past histories unless it helps you in changing the ways of thinking that got you into drug and alcohol addiction in the first place.</p><p> &nbsp;</p><p> As a Cognitive Behavior Therapy expert, Beck does not leave you with a definition of what happens in Cognitive Behavior Therapy. In her second and third post, Beck breaks down Cognitive Behavior Therapy by giving readers Cognitive Behavioral Therapy techniques. She <a href="http://www.huffingtonpost.com/judith-s-beck-phd/cognitive-behavior-therap_b_638396.html" target="_blank">breaks down myths</a> about Cognitive Behavior Therapy, answering common questions like what is the type of relationship a patient has with his/her Cognitive Behavior therapist, if Cognitive Behavior Therapy requires patients&#39; to be motivated to make change (answer is no), and how a patient knows if Cognitive Behavior Therapy is working.</p><p> &nbsp;</p><p> Her third post goes through a specific condition, <a href="http://www.huffingtonpost.com/judith-s-beck-phd/the-imposter-syndrome_b_656252.html" target="_blank">the Imposter Syndrome</a>. In Cognitive Behavior Therapy fashion, Beck gives case studies of people with the problem. She breaks down the problem by identifying the different causes and symptoms of the problem. Thirdly, she gives Cognitive Behavioral Therapy techniques that a person facing Imposter Syndrome could use to get over this condition. Does this sound familiar? It follows the exact steps that she laid out in her first post about how a correct Cognitive Behavior Therapy process should look.</p><p> &nbsp;</p><p> The series of blog posts is an example in and of itself of how Cognitive Behavior Therapy works. They show you how a Cognitive Behavior therapist will help you identify a problem, help you understand what is causing you to have issues, and give you the tools to find a solution and help you implement them to solve the problem. Sounds a little different than what you see on TV.</p><p> &nbsp;</p><p> Cognitive Behavior Therapy is not easy. But the treatment&rsquo;s focus on taking action steps to stop drug abuse and alcohol addiction is what will move you beyond dwelling on the past or your present addiction and towards living a clean and sober life in the future.</p><p> &nbsp;</p><p> Dr. Judith S. Beck has faced her own qualms about the practice psychotherapy and found her solution in helping people gain understanding and tools to actually solve problems by practicing Cognitive Behavior Therapy. You can take these same Cognitive Behavior Therapy techniques and apply them to your life to soon become free of drug and alcohol addiction.</p><p> &nbsp;</p><p> Dr. Judith S. Beck is president of the Beck Institute for Cognitive Therapy and Research and <a href="http://www.amazon.com/s/ref=nb_sb_ss_sc_0_10?url=search-alias%3Daps&amp;field-keywords=judith+s+beck&amp;x=0&amp;y=0&amp;sprefix=Judith+S.+&amp;ih=5_3_0_0_2_0_0_1_0_1.74_95&amp;fsc=8" target="_blank">author of several books</a> on Cognitive Behavior Therapy.</p>
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